Article

Le rôle de la mémoire de travail dans la production écrite de textes

Psychologie Française (Impact Factor: 0.3). 01/2005; 50(3):373-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.psfr.2005.05.002

ABSTRACT Integration of capacity (Just and Carpenter, 1992) and componentiel (Baddeley, 1986) conceptions of working memory in models of text composition (Hayes, 1996 ; Kellogg, 1996 ; McCutchen, 1996) has allowed studying several facets of the role of working memory in writing acquisition and in expert management of the writing processes. This article presents these two conceptions and examines their respective contribution in the field of writing research from two perspectives: The demands of the writing processes (in terms of processing and transient storage) and the influence of working memory capacity on the control of production. The conclusion underlines the importance of investigating the on-line management of text production, the role of the visuo-spatial sketchpad, and to link strategies for allocating the working memory resources with text quality.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
133 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: En synthétisant l'ensemble de nos recherches centrées sur les situations d'enseignement, l'objectif de cette note de synthèse vise à interroger les systèmes d'explication destinés à rendre compte de l'influence exercée par les variables psychosociales sur les acteurs en jeu dans ces situations. Plus précisément, nos travaux ont cherché à comprendre et à identifier les mécanismes psycho-sociaux – les déterminants- susceptibles de réguler l'activité cognitive de celui qui apprend dans une situation d'enseignement et/ou d'apprentissage. Les différents résultats présentés dans cette note de synthèse ne montrent pas seulement des modifications de performances ou de comportements chez les élèves et les enseignants en fonction d'une insertion sociale qui leur serait imposée par la situation. Ils soulignent le poids de l'histoire sociale ou scolaire des sujets impliqués dans les situations d'apprentissage ou d'enseignement sur les modes de gestion des conditions sociales auxquelles ces sujets sont confrontés. Les résultats obtenus confortent une orientation sociocognitive des rapports qu'entretient le social avec le fonctionnement humain. Une telle orientation invite à considérer les processus sociocognitifs comme des processus cognitifs dont la mise en œuvre implique l'existence d'une représentation des conditions sociales de leur élaboration.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to describe educationally relevant differences in literacy use among three subject-matter disciplines—history, chemistry, and mathematics. These analyses were drawn from an investigation of the teaching of disciplinary literacy in high schools. The purpose of the overall project was to improve the literacy-teaching preparation in a secondary preservice teacher education program, but this study sought to identify specific features of literacy and literacy use only in the three disciplines. It is the first expert-reader study to consider the reading of mathematicians and chemists (though other kinds of scientists have been studied in this way). To conduct this investigation, three teams were assembled, one for each discipline, including two disciplinary experts (historians, chemists, and mathematicians), two teacher educators who prepare high school teachers to teach those disciplines, and two high school teachers from each discipline. Using think-aloud protocols, transcripts from focus group discussions, a recursive process of member checking, and a cross-disciplinary consideration of reading approaches identified in each discipline, the study identified important differences in the reading behaviors of the six disciplinary experts. Although much of the work was based on think-aloud protocols and interviews with the disciplinary experts, the teachers and teacher educators participated with the disciplinary experts in focus-group discussions of the protocols, and their reactions and insights helped the disciplinary experts to articulate their approaches and to determine implications of the reading behaviors that were observed. Differences were evident in sourcing, contextualization, corroboration, close reading and rereading, critical response to text, and use of text structure or arrangement and graphics.
    Journal of Literacy Research 01/2011; 43(4):393-429. · 0.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This research emerges from the world-wide problematic concerning student’s failure. It particularly analyzes the meta-cognitive competences in the writing process of this population. Based on Flavell’s (1992) viewpoint about meta-cognition and the socio-cognitive approach of self-regulation, two variables were measured: meta-cognitive knowledge and self-regulation strategies. A qualitative study was conducted on a sample of 12 French students at first year university. This study uses a specific technique of interview known as "explicitation interview". The data analysis included the categorization, codification and quantification of the information obtained with the interviews. In conclusion, even though the students had metacognitive knowledge related to the written tasks, they did not show strategies that could help to go beyond the descriptive modality of written discourses by taking into account the readers’ expectations. Their writing processes focused on transcription of ideas with little control on the planning and revision phases.
    Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana 12/2010; 28(2):265-277.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
104 Downloads
Available from
May 30, 2014