Geometric orientation of the aortic neoroot in patients with raphed bicuspid aortic valve disease undergoing primary cusp repair and a root reimplantation procedure

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.3). 07/2013; 45(1). DOI: 10.1093/ejcts/ezt354
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Primary cusp repair + aortic root reimplantation in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease presenting with root aneurysm with aortic insufficiency (AI) is an effective surgical treatment. We assessed whether the geometric orientation of the repaired BAV into its reimplanted neoroot affects outcomes-180°/180° orientation was compared with the 150°/210° orientation.
From 2005 to 2012, 66 BAV repairs were performed. This is a retrospective review of all types of Ib/II BAV AI patients undergoing root reimplantation (n = 26) at two different geometric orientations: 180°/180° (n = 11) vs 150°/210° (n = 15). In the 180°/180° group, reimplantation into the neoroot was such that both conjoint and non-conjoint cusps occupied 180° of the annular circumference. In the 150°/210° group, the repaired valve was configured to the more typical native orientation of a type I BAV: the non-conjoint cusp occupied 150°, and the conjoint cusp occupied 210° of the annular circumference.
Preoperative characteristics were similar in both groups. In-hospital mortality, stroke, reoperation, renal failure and pacemaker rates were zero in both groups. No patient left the operating room with >1+ AI and one had a peak gradient >20 mmHg. Transvalvular gradients were higher in the 180°/180° group, but not significant (P > 0.05). M.ean follow-ups for the 180°/180° and 150°/210° group were 48 and 33 months, respectively. Actuarial freedom from AI >2+ at 5 years was 100% in both groups. Freedom from AI >1+ at 5 years was 90 ± 10% in the 150°/210° group and 86 ± 13% in the 180°/180° group (P = 0.71). Freedom from peak gradient >20 mmHg was 80% (n = 8) in the 180°/180° group and 100% in the 150°/210° group at 1-year follow-up. Transvalvular gradients were higher in the 180°/180° group (16 ± 8 vs 10 ± 4 mmHg, P = 0.02; 9 ± 3 vs 5 ± 3 mmHg, P = 0.01). Five-year actuarial survival and freedom from aortic reoperation have remained at 100% in the entire cohort.
Cusp repair + root reimplantation for BAV type Ib/II AI can be safely performed at either geometric orientation. Conceptually, 150°/210° orientation respects the natural type I BAV anatomy with regard to cusp surface area and leaflet insertion perimeter. The 180°/180° group may have higher transvalvular gradients and smaller coaptation zones than the 150°/210° group. Further follow-up may reveal the superiority of one geometric orientation over the other.

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