Laparoscopic surgery in a Nigerian teaching hospital for 1 year: challenges and effect on outcomes.
ABSTRACT Laparoscopic surgery has developed rapidly in developed nations within a relatively short time to become a major method of treating surgical diseases, with increasing application across specialties. However this is not the situation in developing countries like Nigeria. This may be as a result of local challenges to the performance of laparoscopic procedures. It is important to identify what these challenges are.
We prospectively studied problems encountered during the performance of laparoscopic procedures, and their effects on the procedure in a Nigerian teaching hospital for a year. Demographic information, laparoscopic procedure, problems encountered and effect on procedure, and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics.
Our sample consisted of 21 patients who had laparoscopic procedures performed by the authors; 12 (57%) were therapeutic procedures. Average age was 34.1 years (range 18-50 years) and majority (61.9%) were female. Problems encountered included non functioning/malfunctioning equipment (76.2%), power outages (33.3%), and dead light source bulbs (14.3%). There were 5 (23.8%) conversions to open surgery as a result of problems encountered; another conversion (4.8%) was to tackle an ascending colon tumour discovered at laparoscopy.
The performance of laparoscopic procedures in a Nigerian public hospital is affected largely by inadequate and often malfunctioning equipment, and attention to these may reduce rates of conversion to open surgery.