Article

Fractura osteoporótica de cadera: Factores predictivos de recuperación funcional a corto y largo plazo

Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain: 1984) 01/2004; 21(2). DOI: 10.4321/S0212-71992004000200010
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    ABSTRACT: In this study 509 hip fracture patients were followed-up during 24 months measuring their recuperation in activities of daily living. The different activities measured had both different profile and probability of recovery. Recovery of pre-fracture functional level is a goal of hip fracture treatment. The objective of this study was to measure recovery of previous functional level for ambulation and for the activities of daily living during the 24 months after osteoporotic hip fracture. This is a longitudinal prospective study of the patients admitted to the orthopaedics department of a university hospital for hip fracture and followed up by a geriatrician during three years (2003-2005). Demographic, clinical, functional and treatment data were collected during hospitalisation. Telephone follow-up was made at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Data were analysed by survival analysis applying the Kaplan-Meier estimator. Five hundred and nine patients were included. The mean age was 84.5 (SD 6.3) years. The activities with lower probability of recovery to the previous level at 24 months were climbing stairs, chair/bed transfers, ambulation, dressing, bathing and use of toilet (between 67.5% and 76% recovery). The activities with higher probability of recovery were grooming, feeding and bladder and bowel control (between 86.3% and 95.4%). Recovery of previous performance level for ambulation, chair/bed transfers, use of toilet, feeding, grooming and bladder control occurred primarily during the first 6 months, whereas recovery of bathing, dressing and climbing stairs occurred mainly in the first 12 months after the fracture. The activities with lower likelihood of recovery were ambulation, chair/bed transfers, climbing stairs, use of toilet, bathing and dressing. Time of recovery varied by activity; bathing, dressing and climbing stairs were the activities with the longest recovery time.
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    ABSTRACT: The present article reviews the clinical principles of acute orthogeriatric care. The application of geriatric medicine to patients with hip fracture is explained. The principal stages of geriatric intervention in this process are mentioned, as are the interventions to be carried out by the geriatric team. Subsequently, we discuss the management of several frequent problems in these patients, such as high surgical risk, pain management, anaemia, delirium, malnutrition, and discharge planning. Lastly, the characteristics of several kinds of patients with special characteristics are mentioned, such as those diagnosed with dementia, nursing home residents or the oldest-old. Areas of improvement in the acute phase are also reviewed, such as mortality reduction, functional outcome improvement and the need for more efficient resource use in patients in the acute phase of hip fracture.
    Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología. 10/2008; 43(5).
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To study the effects of the management of hip fracture patients in an acute orthogeriatric unit shared between the departments of Orthopedic Surgery and Geriatrics compared with the usual hospital care, and to analyse financial differences in both systems of care.
    Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - TRANS ROY SOC TROP MED HYG. 01/2011; 46(4):193-199.

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