Echographic examination with new generation contrast agent of choroidal malignant melanomas: Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 2005
ABSTRACT To determine the efficacy of echography with new generation contrast agents in visualizing vascularization of choroidal malignant melanomas.
An echographic contrast medium consisting of phospholipidic microbubbles filled with sulphur hexafluoride (Sonovue) was used to visualize microcirculation in 25 cases of choroidal lesions already diagnosed with standardized echography (21 choroidal malignant melanomas, four disciform lesions).
In untreated malignant melanomas contrast agent echography revealed the presence of a dense microcirculation inside the mass. In one case vitreal seeding of the contrast agent was detectable before enucleation and histological examination revealed the presence of tumoral cells. In 12 cases treated with transpupillary thermotherapy, contrast agent echographic evaluation showed heavy regression of microcirculation after 1 week, confirmed in one case by histology, and a reduction of 70-80% in dimensions after 6 months (which appeared to have stabilized at subsequent examinations). In four cases treated with proton beam brachytherapy 2 years prior to our examination, contrast agent echography showed the absence of a microvascular network and the presence of large vessels and blood lakes. In four cases of disciform lesion, deep and superficial retina-associated vascularization was observed, with a weak spread of contrast agent inside the lesion.
Live representation with good resolution of choroidal malignant melanoma microcirculation was obtained.
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ABSTRACT: The intravenous injection of an ultrasound contrast agent can enhance signals from blood flow. Broad toxicological and pharmaceutical studies in animals confirmed the safety and efficacy of an ultrasound contrast agent made of microparticles of galactose with stabilised microbubbles in watery suspension (SH U 508 A). In this paper 10 patients with different malignant orbital and ocular tumours have been evaluated with an echo colour Doppler machine before and after the injection of SH U 508 A. An enhancement of the Doppler signals in the lesions in different degrees has been detected. This echographic contrast agent seems to be very important not only in the evaluation of vascular lesions, but also in evaluating the effectiveness of radiotherapy in malignant tumours and could spread the echographic indications in several other ophthalmic fields.British Journal of Ophthalmology 12/1994; 78(11):823-6. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The microcirculation of ciliary body and choroidal melanomas is remodelled into patterns. The presence of microvascular networks, composed of back-to-back loops that encircle microdomains of tumour, and parallel vessels with cross-linking, are associated with death from metastatic melanoma. The formation of these complex vascular patterns may result from reciprocal interactions between the tumour cell and the extracellular matrix, and pattern formation may reflect an invasive tumour cell phenotype. Ciliary body and choroidal melanomas are among the few forms of cancer treated before a pathologist assigns a grade to indicate whether tumour is likely to follow a benign or aggressive course. There is evidence to suggest that prognostically significant microcirculatory patterns may be detectable by non-invasive imaging techniques that may provide a substitute for biopsy to guide the clinical management of patients with these sight- and life-threatening tumours.Eye 02/1997; 11 ( Pt 2):227-38. · 1.82 Impact Factor
- Retina 02/2000; 20(4):409-11. · 2.83 Impact Factor