Pensamiento metafórico en pacientes con psicosis

ABSTRACT Artículo original RESUMEN El pensamiento es la más compleja de las funciones mentales, puede entenderse como un proceso de asociación de ideas, que ocurre de acuerdo con distintas leyes, por ejemplo las que gobiernan las relaciones causa-efecto, que son incorporadas a la psicofisiología de un sujeto mediante procesos de aprendizaje. Sin embargo, existen maneras alternativas de realizar el proceso de asociación de ideas, por ejemplo mediante analogías, como ocurre en el caso del pensamiento meta-fórico, que tiene una faceta expresiva (formulación de metáforas) y una faceta interpretativa (identificación e interpretación de metáforas). Algunos estudios clínicos sugieren que en los pacientes con esquizofrenia podría existir una significativa dificultad para la interpretación de metáforas, quizás relacionada con los trastornos del contenido y la forma del pensamiento. Este estudio reporta la construcción de un instrumento clínico para evaluar las capacidades de procesamiento de metáforas y su aplicación en pacientes con trastornos psicóticos. ABSTRACT Human thought is the most complex mental function. It may be understood as an associative process involving images and verbal thoughts, according to certain laws, for instance those that rule the cause-effect relationships, which are incorporated to the individual psychophy-siology by means of learning processes. However, there are alternative ways to associate ideas, i.e. by means of analogies, as in the case of metaphors. Metaphorical thought has an expressive function (metaphor formation)

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Available from: Jesús Ramírez-Bermúdez, Sep 26, 2015
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