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Facile synthesis of 5-substituted-1H-tetrazoles and 1-substituted-1H-tetrazoles catalyzed by recyclable 4′-phenyl-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine copper(II) complex immobilized onto activated multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran
Journal of Organometallic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 2.3). 08/2013; 738:41-48. DOI: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2013.04.013

ABSTRACT 5-Substituted-1H-tetrazoles can conveniently be synthesized from the corresponding nitriles by reaction with NaN3 using the efficient and recyclable heterogeneous catalyst prepared by immobilization of copper(II) complex of 4′-phenyl-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine on activated multi-walled carbon nanotubes [AMWCNTs-O–Cu(II)–PhTPY]. Excellent results were obtained in each case affording the corresponding tetrazole adducts in good to excellent yields. In general, aromatic nitriles with electron-donating group could be accomplished as well as that with electron-withdrawing groups. By leaving out nitrile from the reaction and adding CH(OEt)3 and amines bearing various substituents, 1-substituted-1H-tetrazoles formed in water in high yields. The reported protocols have the advantages of rapid assembly of a host of heterocyclic systems in high yields with the added advantage of recycling and reuse of the catalyst.

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May 19, 2014