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Automedicação em crianças e adolescentes

Jornal De Pediatria - J PEDIATR 01/2007; 83(5). DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000600010
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the self-medication for pain among students of medicine and nursing of the PUCSP compared with students from other knowledge areas. Material and methods: Data were obtained in two groups: A - students from the health knowledge area, and B - students of law and engineering. It was used a questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis used the Chi-square test and the Fischer. Results: In relation to gender, there is a predominance of women in the health group and a male majority in other one. In the health group there was a greater number of medical students, and in the control group of engineering. It is observed a high degree of selftreatment in both groups. It appears that participants in the health group have used more anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid than the others subjects studied. Conclusion: The frequency of medication for pain is higher in the group of health students, and self-medication is equally practiced among students of health and other areas.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2014; 54(2):90-94. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To study the self-medication for pain among students of medicine and nursing of the PUCSP compared with students from other knowledge areas. Material and methods Data were obtained in two groups: A - students from the health knowl- edge area, and B - students of law and engineering. It was used a questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis used the Chi-square test and the Fischer. Results In relation to gender, there is a predominance of women in the health group and a male majority in other one. In the health group there was a greater number of medi-cal students, and in the control group of engineering. It is observed a high degree of self- treatment in both groups. It appears that participants in the health group have used more anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid than the others subjects studied. Conclusion The frequency of medication for pain is higher in the group of health students, and self-medication is equally practiced among students of health and other areas.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 03/2014; 54(2):90–94. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Potentially inappropriate medication use by the Diamantina (Minas Gerais State) population was investigated by analyzing medicine consumption, self-medication, polypharmacy and drug interactions of medicines prescribed among those interviewed. Level of knowledge about rational drug use and its relationship to socio-economic variables was also evaluated using a semi-structured questionnaire. This survey was based on stratified sampling of 423 individuals selected randomly. The prevalence of prescription drug consumption was 42.32% (n=179) and cardiovascular drugs were the most prescribed. Drug interactions were found in 45.81% (n=82) of prescriptions and 92.68% (n=76) of these interactions were moderate, with co-administration of cardiovascular drugs occurring in more than half of the cases. The inappropriate use of medication, according to Beers criteria, occurred in 44.73% of prescriptions to the elderly. The prevalence of self-medication was 63.34% (n=268) while 21.99% (n=91) of individuals administered medications to their children without formal prescriptions, where this practice was associated to analgesic/antipyretic consumption. The population showed a high prevalence of inappropriate use of drugs across all strata of society, representing an issue requiring effective actions to promote rational use of medicines.
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