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Automedicação em crianças e adolescentes

Jornal De Pediatria - J PEDIATR 01/2007; 83(5). DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000600010
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    ABSTRACT: The scope of this paper was to investigate the influence of a university student's field of study upon self-medication. A cross-sectional study was conducted through the administration of questionnaires on the profile of the respondents, self-medication and other healthcare-related issues. In all, 342 students from different fields of study were interviewed, 81 of which were from the health area. Of the respondents, 37% reported self-medicating in the last fortnight. The most common health problems for self-medication in this period were general pain (90.4%) and analgesics and antipyretics were the most common form of medication. It was observed that being female (p=0.049), as well as the fact of having health insurance (p=0.036), were significantly associated with self-medication and that studying in the health area was not associated with self-medication (0.139). However, it was found that the influence of advertising (p<0.001), old prescriptions (p=0.041), pharmacists or pharmacy employees (p=0.005), as well as friends, neighbors and relatives (p=0.003) were more significant among university students who were not within the health area, though the influence of acquired knowledge (p<0.001) is more significant among students in the health area.
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    ABSTRACT: Potentially inappropriate medication use by the Diamantina (Minas Gerais State) population was investigated by analyzing medicine consumption, self-medication, polypharmacy and drug interactions of medicines prescribed among those interviewed. Level of knowledge about rational drug use and its relationship to socio-economic variables was also evaluated using a semi-structured questionnaire. This survey was based on stratified sampling of 423 individuals selected randomly. The prevalence of prescription drug consumption was 42.32% (n=179) and cardiovascular drugs were the most prescribed. Drug interactions were found in 45.81% (n=82) of prescriptions and 92.68% (n=76) of these interactions were moderate, with co-administration of cardiovascular drugs occurring in more than half of the cases. The inappropriate use of medication, according to Beers criteria, occurred in 44.73% of prescriptions to the elderly. The prevalence of self-medication was 63.34% (n=268) while 21.99% (n=91) of individuals administered medications to their children without formal prescriptions, where this practice was associated to analgesic/antipyretic consumption. The population showed a high prevalence of inappropriate use of drugs across all strata of society, representing an issue requiring effective actions to promote rational use of medicines.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To study the self-medication for pain among students of medicine and nursing of the PUCSP compared with students from other knowledge areas. Material and methods Data were obtained in two groups: A - students from the health knowl- edge area, and B - students of law and engineering. It was used a questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis used the Chi-square test and the Fischer. Results In relation to gender, there is a predominance of women in the health group and a male majority in other one. In the health group there was a greater number of medi-cal students, and in the control group of engineering. It is observed a high degree of self- treatment in both groups. It appears that participants in the health group have used more anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid than the others subjects studied. Conclusion The frequency of medication for pain is higher in the group of health students, and self-medication is equally practiced among students of health and other areas.
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