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    ABSTRACT: Drug hypersensitivity is responsible for substantial mortality and morbidity, and increased health costs. However, epidemiological data on drug hypersensitivity in general or specific populations are scarce. We performed a cross-sectional survey of 1015 university students, using a self-reported questionnaire. The prevalence of self-reported drug hypersensitivity was 12,11% (123/1015). The most frequently implicated drugs were non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (45,9%) and beta-lactam and sulfonamide antibiotics (25,40%). The majority of the patients reported dermatological manifestations (99), followed by respiratory (40), digestive (23) and other (19). Forty-five patients had an immediate type reaction, and 76,72% (89) had the drug by oral route. The results showed that drug hypersensitivity is highly prevalent in university students, and that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and antibiotics (beta-lactams and sulfonamide) are the most frequently concerned drugs.
    Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil) 10/2010; 65(10):1009-11. DOI:10.1590/S1807-59322010001000014 · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To study the self-medication for pain among students of medicine and nursing of the PUCSP compared with students from other knowledge areas. Material and methods Data were obtained in two groups: A - students from the health knowl- edge area, and B - students of law and engineering. It was used a questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis used the Chi-square test and the Fischer. Results In relation to gender, there is a predominance of women in the health group and a male majority in other one. In the health group there was a greater number of medi-cal students, and in the control group of engineering. It is observed a high degree of self- treatment in both groups. It appears that participants in the health group have used more anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid than the others subjects studied. Conclusion The frequency of medication for pain is higher in the group of health students, and self-medication is equally practiced among students of health and other areas.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 03/2014; 54(2):90–94. DOI:10.1016/j.rbr.2014.03.002 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the self-medication for pain among students of medicine and nursing of the PUCSP compared with students from other knowledge areas. Material and methods: Data were obtained in two groups: A - students from the health knowledge area, and B - students of law and engineering. It was used a questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis used the Chi-square test and the Fischer. Results: In relation to gender, there is a predominance of women in the health group and a male majority in other one. In the health group there was a greater number of medical students, and in the control group of engineering. It is observed a high degree of selftreatment in both groups. It appears that participants in the health group have used more anti-inflammatory drugs and opioid than the others subjects studied. Conclusion: The frequency of medication for pain is higher in the group of health students, and self-medication is equally practiced among students of health and other areas.
    Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia 04/2014; 54(2):90-94. DOI:10.1016/j.rbre.2014.03.002 · 0.99 Impact Factor