Promoter Polymorphism of Interleukin18 in Angiographically Proven Coronary Artery Disease
ABSTRACT Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a pro-atherogenic cytokine associated with the occurrence of various cardiac complications. The IL-18 gene has a functional -137 G/C polymorphism (rs187238) in the promoter region. Using the ligase detection reaction-polymerase chain reaction, we genotyped a cohort of patients in Chinese Han population in Xiangfan region. Case patients of coronary artery disease and control patients were identified by coronary angiography. The plasma IL-18 concentrations were measured by ELISA. A significant increase of G allele or GG-genotype was observed in 241 case patients compared to 145 control individuals (frequency of G allele = 0.90 vs 0.83, p=0.004; frequency of GG-genotype = 0.81 vs 0.68, p = 0.005). In case patients, G allele carriers in multi-vessel disease patients had a higher occurrence rate when compared to single-vessel disease patients, but no significant difference was detected (frequency of G allele = 0.92 vs 0.88, p=0.107; frequency of GG-genotype = 0.84 vs 0.75, p = 0.089). IL-18 protein concentration of the -137GG genotype was much higher than concentration of the CG and CC genotype (case patients: 229.1±131.5 vs 122.7±73.6 pg/ml, P < 0.001; control patients: 65.9±31.6 vs 42.4±19.5 pg/ml, P < 0.001). To conclude, IL-18 promoter -137G/C polymorphism influences IL-18 levels and the occurrence of coronary artery disease, suggesting that IL-18 is causally involved in the development of atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: We conducted a case-control study with 322 cases and 322 controls to assess the role of the two common SNPs in the promoter of IL-18 gene. Polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length of polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was taken to genotype -607A/C and -137C/G in the promoter of the IL-18 gene. By comparing cases and control subjects, we found that IS cases were more likely to have higher BMI, higher proportion of hypertension, and have higher proportion of smokers and drinkers. We found that IL-18 -607CC genotype (OR=1.70, 95% CI=1.03-2.81) and C allele (OR=1.26, 95% CI=1.01-1.58) were significantly more frequent in IS patients when compared with AA genotype. We did not find significant association between IL-18 -607A/C gene polymorphism and BMI, hypertension, smoking and drinking on the risk of IS. Our study suggests that polymorphisms in IL-18 -607A/C can influence the development of IS, and this gene polymorphism is associated with risk of IS in a Chinese population.Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Online 01/2015; 31(1):198-202. DOI:10.12669/pjms.311.5997 · 0.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is clearly a multifactorial disease that develops from childhood and ultimately leads to death. Several reports revealed having a First Degree Relatives (FDRS) with premature CAD is a significant autonomous risk factor for CAD development. C - reactive protein (CRP) is a member of the pentraxin family and is the most widely studied proinflammatory biomarker. IL-18 is a pleiotrophic and proinflammatory cytokine which is produced mainly by macrophages and plays an important role in the inflammatory cascade. Hs-CRP levels were estimated by ELISA and Genotyping of IL-18 gene variant located on promoter -137 (G/C) by Allele specific PCR in blood samples of 300 CAD patients and 300 controls and 100 FDRS. Promoter Binding sites and Protein interacting partners were identified by Alibaba 2.1 and Genemania online tools respectively. Hs-CRP levels were significantly high in CAD patients followed by FDRS when compared to controls. In IL-18 -137 (G/C) polymorphism homozygous GG is significantly associated with occurrence of CAD and Hs-CRP levels were significantly higher in GG genotype subjects when compared to GC and CC. IL-18 was found to be interacting with 100 protein interactants. Our results indicate that Hs-CRP levels and IL-18-137(G/C) polymorphism may help to identify risk of future events of CAD in asymptomatic healthy FDRS.PLoS ONE 05/2015; 10(3):e0120359. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120359 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interleukin-18 gene promoter polymorphisms are potential risk factors for ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and the -607C allele may increase ischemic stroke risk in the Han Chinese population. In the present study, we recruited 291 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, China, and 226 healthy controls. Both patients and controls were from the Han population in northern China. Immunoresonance scattering assays detected increased serum amyloid A protein, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-18 levels in ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients compared with healthy controls. Analysis of the -607C/A (rs1946518) polymorphism in the interleukin-18 gene promoter showed ischemic cerebrovascular disease patients exhibited increased frequencies of the CC genotype and C alleles than healthy controls. Genotype and allele frequencies of the interleukin-18 -137G/C (rs187238) polymorphism and the -13T/C (rs11024595) polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of serum amyloid A, showed no significant difference between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis on the interleukin-18 promoter A/C genetic locus, for correction of age, gender, history of smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesteremia, and an ischemic stroke family history, showed ischemic cerebrovascular disease risk in individuals without the A allele (C homozygotes) was 2.2-fold greater than in A allele carriers. Overall, our findings suggest that the -13T/C (rs11024595) polymorphism in the 5'-flanking region of serum amyloid A has no correlation with ischemic cerebrovascular disease, but the C allele of the -607C/A (rs1946518) polymorphism in the interleukin-18 promoter is a high-risk factor for ischemic cerebrovascular disease in the Han population of northern China. In addition, the A allele is likely a protective gene for ischemic cerebrovascular disease.Neural Regeneration Research 07/2013; 8(20):1881-91. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-5374.2013.20.007 · 0.23 Impact Factor