Coupled bending-torsional dynamic stiffness matrix of an axially loaded timoshenko beam element
ABSTRACT Analytical expressions for the coupled bending-torsional dynamic stiffness matrix terms of an axially loaded uniform Timoshenko beam element are derived in an exact sense by solving the governing differential equations of motion of the element. The symbolic computing package REDUCE has been used to generate an analytical expression for each of the dynamic stiffness terms in a concise form. For check purposes, numerical values of the dynamic stiffness matrix terms were obtained using the derived explicit expressions as well as by an alternative nonanalytical method based on matrix inversions and matrix multiplications. Stiffnesses obtained from both methods agreed with each other to machine accuracy. Application of the developed theory is discussed with particular reference to an established algorithm. The influence of axial force, shear deformation and rotatory inertia on the natural frequencies of a bending-torsion coupled beam with cantilever end-conditions is demonstrated by numerical results. Such results are not generally available in the literature. Therefore, results obtained by partially restricting the present theory are compared with the existing literature wherever possible. The results indicate that the method is accurate and efficient.
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ABSTRACT: Vibration characteristics of columns are influenced by their axial loads. Numerous methods have been developed to quantify axial load and deformation in individual columns based on their natural frequencies. However, these methods cannot be applied to columns in a structural framing system as the natural frequency is a global parameter of the entire framing system. This paper presents an innovative method to quantify axial deformations of columns in a structural framing system using its vibration characteristics, incorporating the influence of load tributary areas, boundary conditions and load migration among the columns.Structural Engineering & Mechanics 01/2014; 50(1). · 0.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The free vibration of beams, subjected to a constant axial load and end moment and various boundary conditions, is examined. Based on the Euler-Bernoulli bending and St. Venant torsion beam theories, the differential equations governing coupled flexural-torsional vibrations and stability of a uniform, slender, isotropic, homogeneous, and linearly elastic beam, undergoing linear harmonic vibration, are first reviewed. The existing formulations are then briefly discussed and a conventional finite element method (FEM) is developed. Exploiting the MATLAB-based code, the resulting linear Eigenvalue problem is then solved to determine the Eigensolutions (i.e., natural frequencies and modes) of illustrative examples, exhibiting geometric bending-torsion coupling. Various classical boundary conditions are considered and the FEM frequency results are validated against those obtained from a commercial software (ANSYS) and the data available in the literature. Tensile axial force is found to increase natural frequencies, indicating beam stiffening. However, when a force and an end moment are acting in combination, the moment reduces the stiffness of the beam and the stiffness of the beam is found to be more sensitive to the changes in the magnitude of the axial force compared to the moment. A buckling analysis of the beam is also carried out to determine the critical buckling end moment and axial compressive force.Shock and Vibration 10/2014; 2014. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents the solution scheme of using the continuous formulation of 1-D linear member for the dynamic analysis of structures consisting of axially loaded members. The context describes specific applications of such scheme to the verification of experimental data obtained from field test of bridges carried out by a microwave interferometer system and velocimeters. Attention is focused on analysis outlines that may be applicable to in-situ assessment for cable-stayed bridges. The derivation of the dynamic stiffness matrix of a prismatic member with distributed properties is briefly reviewed. A back calculation formula using frequencies of two arbitrary modes of vibration is next proposed to compute the tension force in cables. Derivation of the proposed formula is based on the formulation of an axially loaded flexural member. The applications of the formulation and the proposed formula are illustrated with a series of realistic examples.Earthquakes and Structures 01/2012; 3(3_4). · 1.38 Impact Factor