Coupled bending-torsional dynamic stiffness matrix of an axially loaded timoshenko beam element
ABSTRACT Analytical expressions for the coupled bending-torsional dynamic stiffness matrix terms of an axially loaded uniform Timoshenko beam element are derived in an exact sense by solving the governing differential equations of motion of the element. The symbolic computing package REDUCE has been used to generate an analytical expression for each of the dynamic stiffness terms in a concise form. For check purposes, numerical values of the dynamic stiffness matrix terms were obtained using the derived explicit expressions as well as by an alternative nonanalytical method based on matrix inversions and matrix multiplications. Stiffnesses obtained from both methods agreed with each other to machine accuracy. Application of the developed theory is discussed with particular reference to an established algorithm. The influence of axial force, shear deformation and rotatory inertia on the natural frequencies of a bending-torsion coupled beam with cantilever end-conditions is demonstrated by numerical results. Such results are not generally available in the literature. Therefore, results obtained by partially restricting the present theory are compared with the existing literature wherever possible. The results indicate that the method is accurate and efficient.
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ABSTRACT: The free vibration of beams, subjected to a constant axial load and end moment and various boundary conditions, is examined. Based on the Euler-Bernoulli bending and St. Venant torsion beam theories, the differential equations governing coupled flexural-torsional vibrations and stability of a uniform, slender, isotropic, homogeneous, and linearly elastic beam, undergoing linear harmonic vibration, are first reviewed. The existing formulations are then briefly discussed and a conventional finite element method (FEM) is developed. Exploiting the MATLAB-based code, the resulting linear Eigenvalue problem is then solved to determine the Eigensolutions (i.e., natural frequencies and modes) of illustrative examples, exhibiting geometric bending-torsion coupling. Various classical boundary conditions are considered and the FEM frequency results are validated against those obtained from a commercial software (ANSYS) and the data available in the literature. Tensile axial force is found to increase natural frequencies, indicating beam stiffening. However, when a force and an end moment are acting in combination, the moment reduces the stiffness of the beam and the stiffness of the beam is found to be more sensitive to the changes in the magnitude of the axial force compared to the moment. A buckling analysis of the beam is also carried out to determine the critical buckling end moment and axial compressive force.Shock and Vibration 10/2014; 2014. DOI:10.1155/2014/153532 · 0.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A general theory is proposed for the shear deformable thin-walled beam with non-symmetric open/closed cross-sections and its exact dynamic and static element stiffness matrices are evaluated. For this purpose, an improved shear deformable beam theory is developed by introducing Vlasov's assumption and applying Hellinger–Reissner principle. This includes the shear deformations due to the shear forces and the restrained warping torsion and due to the coupled effects between them, rotary inertia effects and the flexural–torsional coupling effects due to the non-symmetric cross-sections. Governing equations and force–deformation relations are derived from the energy principle and a system of linear eigenproblem with non-symmetric matrices is constructed based on 14 displacement parameters. And then explicit expressions for displacement parameters are derived and the exact dynamic and the static stiffness matrices are determined using force–deformation relationships. In order to verify the validity and the accuracy of this study, the numerical solutions are presented and compared with other numerical solutions available in the literature and results using the thin-walled beam element and the shell element. Particularly the influences of the coupled shear deformation on the vibrational and the elastic behavior of non-symmetric beams with various boundary conditions are investigated.Thin-Walled Structures 05/2005; 43(5-43):701-734. DOI:10.1016/j.tws.2005.01.004 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The analytical determination of dynamic stiffness matrices in the frequency domain for linear structural members with distributed mass provides an efficient and accurate procedure for the dynamic analysis of frames. This formulation allows to account not only for the distributed masses but also for wave propagation effects within each member. It provides therefore a more economical solution and a more accurate one than the use of lumped or even consistent mass matrices, which would require dividing the member into various elements to reproduce these effects, particularly for high frequencies. This problem has been discussed recently in relation to the seismic analysis of structures (bridge piers in particular) subjected to vertical ground accelerations. It had always been a major consideration in the interpretation of dynamic non-destructive tests based on impact loads and wave propagation. In this paper the dynamic stiffness matrices for linear members with different formulations are presented together.Tamkang Journal of Science and Engineering 01/2001; 4:253-264.