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CONOCIMIENTO DE LOS ESTUDIANTES DE ENFERMERIA SOBRE VIH/SIDA

Salud Arte y Cuidado 07/2011; 4(2):4-12.

ABSTRACT RESUMEN Los profesionales y estudiantes de enfermería, son un componente importante en el sistema de atención de salud, debido al permanente contacto con los pacientes en su labor diaria, esta condición los expone con mayor intensidad a los riesgos ocupacionales en especial los biológicos. Con el propósito de determinar el conocimiento que sobre el VIH/SIDA que tienen los estudiantes del V semestre del programa de enfermería, se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal. La muestra estuvo constituida por 50 estudiantes quienes respondieron un instrumento de 20 preguntas sobre generalidades del VIH/SIDA y modo de transmisión. La edad promedio de los participantes fue 21,30±1,31 años de edad y 98,0% eran del género femenino. Cuatro por ciento (4,0%) reportó un conocimiento "bueno", 40,0% "regular" y 56,0% "deficiente" con relación a las generalidades de la enfermedad. Un 98,0% respondió correctamente que el "VIH/SIDA se puede contraer al mantener relaciones sexuales sin protección", 84% respondió incorrectamente que "los linfocitos T significan lo mismo que linfocitos CD4", el mismo porcentaje de respuestas incorrectas se evidenció en la transmisión del virus a través de fluidos corporales. A la aseveración "una mujer VIH+ puede transmitir el virus a su hijo durante la lactancia", 26,0% respondió incorrectamente. En general los estudiantes presentan un conocimiento "regular", lo que hace necesario la implementación de estrategias educativas para mejorar el conocimiento acerca de la enfermedad, sus consecuencias y formas de prevención con la finalidad de proteger a este grupo de riesgo, quienes también tienen la responsabilidad de proporcionar información formación a los pacientes. Palabras Clave: Conocimiento, VIH, estudiantes de enfermería (fuente: DeCS, BIREME)

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