Use of the revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children.

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA.
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 07/2009; 22(3):248-53. DOI:10.1002/jts.20410
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Posttraumatic growth (PTG; positive change resulting from the struggle with trauma) was examined among children impacted by Hurricane Katrina. The revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R) assessed PTG at two time points, 12 (T1) and 22 months (T2) posthurricane. The PTGI-C-R demonstrated good reliability. Analyses focused on trauma-related variables in predicting PTG. Child-reported subjective responses to the hurricane and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) correlated with PTG at T1; however, in the regression, only PTSS significantly explained variance in PTG. At follow-up, T1 PTG was the only significant predictor of PTG. Findings suggest that the PTGI-C-R may assist efforts to understand children's responses posttrauma.

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to conduct a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) to determine if the factor structure is the same for a veteran sample with PTSD (N = 221) as compared to previous studies that have used more heterogeneous samples of subjects. Analyses were conducted in order to examine the best model fit between three broad dimensional factors, a five-factor structure, or a factor structure consisting of one higher-order “general” factor with five “lower-order” factors. Results of CFA revealed adequate fits for the five-factor and five-factor higher-order models. Findings of this study support the use of the PTGI total and factor scores when interpreting results in veteran samples with PTSD.
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    ABSTRACT: Persons diagnosed with cancer during adolescence have reported negative and positive cancer-related consequences two years after diagnosis. The overall aim was to longitudinally describe negative and positive cancer-related consequences reported by the same persons three and four years after diagnosis. A secondary aim was to explore whether reports of using vs. not using certain coping strategies shortly after diagnosis are related to reporting or not reporting certain consequences four years after diagnosis. Thirty-two participants answered questions about coping strategies shortly after diagnosis and negative and positive consequences three and four years after diagnosis. Answers about consequences were analysed with content analysis, potential relations between coping strategies and consequences were analysed by Fisher's exact test. The great majority reported negative and positive consequences three and four years after diagnosis and the findings indicate stability over time with regard to perceived consequences during the extended phase of survival. Findings reveal a potential relation between seeking information shortly after diagnosis and reporting a more positive view of life four years after diagnosis and not using fighting spirit shortly after diagnosis and not reporting good self-esteem and good relations four years after diagnosis. It is concluded that concomitant negative and positive cancer-related consequences appear stable over time in the extended phase of survival and that dialectical forces of negative and positive as well as distress and growth often go hand-in-hand after a trauma such as cancer during adolescence.
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