Use of the revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R)

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA.
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 06/2009; 22(3):248-53. DOI: 10.1002/jts.20410
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Posttraumatic growth (PTG; positive change resulting from the struggle with trauma) was examined among children impacted by Hurricane Katrina. The revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R) assessed PTG at two time points, 12 (T1) and 22 months (T2) posthurricane. The PTGI-C-R demonstrated good reliability. Analyses focused on trauma-related variables in predicting PTG. Child-reported subjective responses to the hurricane and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) correlated with PTG at T1; however, in the regression, only PTSS significantly explained variance in PTG. At follow-up, T1 PTG was the only significant predictor of PTG. Findings suggest that the PTGI-C-R may assist efforts to understand children's responses posttrauma.

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Available from: Ryan P Kilmer, Sep 28, 2015
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    • "Unlike a meta-analytic study mostly targeting adults (Vishnevsky et al., 2010), gender differences in PTG were not observed. However, some PTG studies with youth have revealed no gender differences (Cryder, Kilmer, Tedeschi, & Calhoun, 2006; Kilmer et al., 2009); thus, they may emerge as people are getting older. The current study indicated that males were more likely to rate the PTGI items they experienced as personally important. "
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    ABSTRACT: Research on posttraumatic growth (PTG), positive psychological changes that may occur as a result of highly stressful life events, reveals adolescents are able to experience PTG. The current study tests individual differences among adolescents in relative importance of PTG and examines the relationships among personally important PTG, commonly defined PTG, and self-esteem. Adolescents (N = 145) with the mean age of 15.75 (SD = 1.13) completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and PTG Inventory, and then reported which items on the PTG Inventory were personally important to them. Results indicated within-scale differences in item importance on the PTG Inventory. Personally important PTG was a better predictor of adolescent self-esteem than commonly defined PTG, measured as total PTGI score or each of the five factors. These findings suggest future research should look at both short-term and long-term effects of personally important PTG as well as commonly defined PTG. Copyright © 2015 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Adolescence 10/2015; 44:224-231. DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.08.001 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    • "Psychiatric disorders other than PTSD were assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children (Kiddie-SADS; Kaufman et al., 1997), a semistructured interview with good to excellent test-retest reliability (κ coefficients of .63–1.00). The total scores on the Revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R; Kilmer et al., 2009) were used to quantify PTG at T2. Ten items that reflect changes in five PTG domains were rated on a 4-point scale (ranging from 0 = no change to 3 = a lot of change). "
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    ABSTRACT: Although traumatic experiences are associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, little is known regarding the long-term outcomes of traumatised adolescents. In the current study, 42 traumatised adolescents who had been referred to a specialised health service were reassessed 2 to 5 years after the traumatic event. The course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychiatric symptoms, the development of posttraumatic growth (PTG), and parental PTSD were analysed. The rate of PTSD (full and partial) declined from 59.5% to 11.9% between the first assessment and the follow-up. On average, low levels of PTG were reported by the adolescents at follow-up. Sexual abuse was associated with most severe PTSD symptoms at initial assessment (η2 = .18) and the highest PTG (η2 = .12). Adolescents with psychotherapeutic support showed the largest symptom reduction (η2 = .15). Adolescent PTSD at follow-up was shown to be correlated with both PTG (r = .34) and parental PTSD (r = .58). The results highlight the need for psychotherapeutic support for traumatised adolescents and their parents to prevent long-term psychological impairment. The development of PTG should be considered in the aftermath of trauma and its relevance for posttraumatic recovery should be addressed in future studies.
    Journal of Traumatic Stress 10/2014; 27(5). DOI:10.1002/jts.21955 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    • "Questionnaire Authors Personal factors Self-esteem The Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale Rosenberg (1965) Optimism Life Orientation Test Scheier & Carver (1985) Personality The Big Five Inventory John, Donahue & Kentle (1991) Coping Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences Patterson & McCubbin (1987) Social factors Social support Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Zimet, Dahlem Zimet & Farley (1988) Discrimination Everyday Discrimination Scale (partial) Williams, Yan Yu & Anderson (1997) Acculturation The Lowlands Acculturation Scale (partial) Mooren, Knipscheer, Kamperman, Kleber & Komproe (2001) Posttraumatic stress Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale Children and War Foundations (1998) Emotional and behavioural problems The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Goodman, Meltzer & Bailey (1998) Quality of life The Satisfaction with Life Scale Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin (1985) Resilience Resilience Scale Wagnild & Young (1993) Posttraumatic growth Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children Kilmer et al. (2006) "
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    ABSTRACT: While studies on the consequences of trauma and forced migration on young refugees have focused mainly on their pathology, a focus on resilience in young refugees is needed to adequately represent their response to adversity and to help understand their needs. The aim of this article is to present a proposed study of resilience in young refugees which has been informed by an overview of achievements and challenges in the field of resilience. In order to advance the field of resilience, several topics need clarification: definition and assessment of resilience, the relation of resilience to other constructs and the underlying biological and external factors influencing resilience. With respect to young refugees, the cross-cultural applicability of resilience has to be examined. Qualitative research, mixed method designs, comparative studies, and longitudinal studies seem especially promising in furthering this goal. The proposed study compares refugee adolescents with Dutch adolescents. Data from qualitative evidence synthesis, interviews, questionnaires, experiments, and DNA analysis will be combined to provide a multifaceted picture of factors contributing to resilience, resulting in a better understanding and efficient use of “resilience” to meet the needs of traumatised youth.
    European Journal of Psychotraumatology 05/2013; 4. DOI:10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.20124 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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