Comparison of three methods for susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis to 11 antimicrobial drugs.

Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706-110, USA.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (Impact Factor: 5.44). 06/2009; 64(2):310-6. DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkp184
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the BACTEC(TM) MGIT(TM) 960/MGIT Para TB (MGIT) system for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), a pathogen implicated in some forms of Crohn's disease.
MICs of 11 drugs for 10 MAP strains were determined using the MGIT system, the BACTEC(TM)460TB system (BACTEC) and conventional agar dilution methods.
MICs determined by MGIT methods showed 80%-100% agreement (+/-1 log(2) dilution) with those determined by the BACTEC and agar dilution methods for ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, azithromycin and clofazimine. The MGIT and BACTEC methods showed 70%, 80% and 90% agreement (+/-1 log(2) dilution) for MICs of ethambutol, rifabutin and rifampicin; agreement for all drugs increased to 100% at 2 log(2) dilution differences. For clarithromycin, the MGIT method had greater agreement with the agar dilution method (70% at the same dilution) than the BACTEC method (60% at +/-1 log(2) dilution); agreement increased to 100% at +/-2 log(2) dilutions in both cases. The MGIT and agar dilution methods agreed 60% and 100% for amikacin MICs at +/-1 log(2) dilution and +/-2 log(2) dilutions, respectively. By all methods MICs were higher than achievable serum concentrations for isoniazid and dapsone. There was 100% agreement between all three methods for azithromycin, clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin, and 80% agreement for rifampicin using published MIC thresholds available for M. avium complex strains.
This study shows that the MGIT system can be used for rapid and reliable drug susceptibility testing of MAP.

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