Validation of self-reported data on assisted conception in The Danish National Birth Cohort†
ABSTRACT An increasing number of children are born after assisted conception and in surveillance programmes information on mode of conception is often achieved via maternal self-report. We assessed the validity of self-reported assisted conception in The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC), a prospective pregnancy cohort. Here, the term assisted conception refers to IVF, ICSI, ovulation induction and insemination.
We compared self-reported assisted conception in the DNBC to corresponding data from Danish national registers; the IVF Register and Danish Drug Prescription Register, providing method of conception in the entire population. In the DNBC, 101,042 women accepted the invitation in early pregnancy from 1996 to 2002. Our final study population comprised 88,151 DNBC women aged 20 years and older who participated in the first DNBC interview with a pregnancy resulting in a live born child.
In the DNBC, assisted conception was reported with a sensitivity of 83% and positive predictive value of 88%. Misclassification was largely explained by ambiguous phrasing of the DNBC interview question and interview skip patterns. Women with false negative reporting were more often multipara (P < 0.001) and older (P = 0.027 for IVF/ICSI and P = 0.002 for ovulation induction). The risk ratio (RR) for being born preterm in IVF/ICSI children was lower for children identified via the DNBC, RR 3.61 (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.31-3.94), than the IVF Register, RR 4.36 (95% CI 4.02-4.74).
There was a high positive predictive value of self-reported assisted conception in the DNBC, but the structure of the DNBC interview represented a problem and misclassification could introduce bias.
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ABSTRACT: Children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) have been reported to have a higher risk of cerebral palsy (CP), perhaps due to the higher frequency of preterm birth, multiple births or vanishing embryo in the pregnancies. However, it has been suggested that the underlying infertility may be part of the pathway. In this study, we examined whether untreated subfecundity (measured by time to pregnancy) or infertility treatment was associated with an increased risk of CP in the offspring. Using the Danish National Birth Cohort (1997-2003), we compared children born after 0-2 months of waiting time to pregnancy (n = 35 848) with those born after a time to pregnancy of 3-5 months (n = 15 361), 6-12 months (n = 11 528) and >12 months (n = 7387), as well as those born after IVF/ICSI (n = 3617), ovulation induction with or without intrauterine insemination (n = 3000), and unplanned pregnancies (n = 13 462). CP cases were identified through the Danish CP Register. In total, 165 (0.18%) children were diagnosed with CP in the entire cohort. We found no significant association between time to pregnancy and the risk of CP in children conceived spontaneously. Children born after IVF/ICSI had an increased risk of CP, even after adjustment for preterm birth and multiplicity (hazard ratio 2.30, 95% confidence interval 1.12-4.73). Subfecundity per se did not appear to be associated with the risk of CP in children, whereas being born after IVF/ICSI conferred an increased risk.Human Reproduction 11/2010; 25(12):3142-5. DOI:10.1093/humrep/deq206 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pregnancies achieved in one clinic by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and resulting in boys between 2000 and 2009 were reviewed. There were significant differences between the IVF and ICSI pregnancies, with the mothers of the ICSI boys being significantly younger at the time of embryo transfer (p<0.05) and the ICSI boys being significantly heavier than their IVF counterparts (p<0.01). There was a trend towards an increased incidence of abnormalities in boys after ICSI (18/326; 5.5%) compared with IVF (8/309; 2.6%) though this did not reach significance, a higher proportion of urogenital abnormalities after ICSI, and an increased number of abnormalities after ICSI in males compared to females. The data would support the need for further follow-up studies and continued vigilance. National regulatory authorities would seem ideally placed to gather such data, but they should differentiate between sex of the offspring when reporting on pregnancy outcomes following assisted reproduction.
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ABSTRACT: It has previously been reported that children born after infertility treatment had a slight delay in early motor milestones. In this study, we examined whether children of infertile couples with or without infertility treatment had a higher risk of developmental coordination disorder (DCD). We used data on parental infertility and DCD among 23 167 singletons from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Data on time to pregnancy (TTP) and infertility treatment were collected early in pregnancy. Data on DCD in children were collected using the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire, filled in by the mothers during follow-up when the children were 7 years old. We used the recommended cut-off for the age group to classify children. Compared with children born of fertile couples, children conceived after a waiting TTP of longer than 12 months had a slightly higher risk of DCD [odds ratio (OR) 1.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.77], but the estimated OR was not significant in children born after infertility treatment (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.86-1.66). None of the individual treatment procedures was significantly associated with a higher risk of DCD. Children of parents who had not planned their pregnancy showed no elevated risk. Our findings are overall reassuring, although it is possible that low fecundity may be associated with a modestly increased risk of DCD.Human Reproduction 02/2010; 25(4):908-13. DOI:10.1093/humrep/deq010 · 4.59 Impact Factor