Preparation and characterization of oxidized starch polymer microgels for encapsulation and controlled release of functional ingredients.
ABSTRACT A novel biocompatible and biodegradable microgel system has been developed for controlled uptake and release of especially proteins. It contains TEMPO-oxidized potato starch polymers, which are chemically cross-linked by sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP). Physical chemical properties have been determined for microgels of different weight ratios of cross-linker to polymer (0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40) and degrees of oxidation (30, 50, 70, and 100%). The charge density of the microgels as determined by proton titration is found to be in good agreement with the expected degree of oxidation (DO). The electrophoretic mobility of the microgel particles is used as a qualitative indicator of the pore size and scales with microgel swelling capacity as expected. The swelling capacity increases with increasing pH and decreasing salt concentration. Preliminary data for the uptake of the globular protein lysozyme by the microgels show it increases with increasing DO and decreasing cross-linker to polymer ratio. Highly charged microgels with intermediate cross-linker to polymer ratios (0.15 and 0.2) are found to be optimal for encapsulating lysozyme.
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ABSTRACT: A stent fracture is an emerging complication of the coronary stents. There are numerous risk factors for stent fractures; which include forceful exaggerated motion in the atrioventricular groove seen in right coronary artery, long stent, an ostial lesion at the point of maximum curvature in a tortuous vessel, stent over-expansion, stent overlapping with different size stents, complex lesion after stenting of a totally occluded vessel, Cypher stent and a highly mobile segment causing high mechanical stress. Furthermore, chronic stretch at specific vessel sites as bends may lead to late occurrence of fracture. Here we report a case of 40-year-old male who had two overlapping Cypher stents (3.0 × 13 mm and 2.75 × 18 mm) deployed at mid left anterior descending artery 2 years earlier presented with progressive chest pain.Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. 10/2011; 23(4):249-51.
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ABSTRACT: Rheological and swelling properties of hydrogels based on pullulan crosslinked with sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP) are explained according to various polymer and crosslinking agent concentrations using 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance study. This method has allowed determining the amount of all the species present in the medium when varying both pullulan and STMP concentrations. We have clearly demonstrated with a good agreement by both 31P-NMR and rheology that a critical STMP concentration occurs which is function of pullulan concentration. This typical crosslinking agent concentration delimitates the maximum of gel structure together with the minimum of swelling. KeywordsPolysaccharide–Crosslinking–Hydrogel– 31P-NMR–Structure–property relationPolymer Bulletin 04/2012; 67(3):455-466. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A novel and facile strategy has been designed to prepare biodegradable microgels with thermo- and pH-responsive property. The microgels were synthesized by the crosslinking of N-isopropylacrylamide with vinyl groups functionalized poly(L-glutamic acid) (PGA). The resultant microgels exhibited pH-dependent phase transition behaviors in aqueous solutions and underwent abrupt lower critical solution temperature decrease when the pH was reduced below the pK a of PGA. Dynamic light scattering measurement revealed that the microgels exhibited shrinkage as the temperature increased or the pH decreased. KeywordsThermo-responsive–pH-responsive–Microgels–Polypeptide–BiodegradableColloid and Polymer Science 04/2012; 289(4):447-451. · 2.16 Impact Factor