Transurethral Partial Cystectomy With Continuous Wave Laser for Bladder Carcinoma
ABSTRACT To our knowledge we established a new technique to vaporize and incise the full-thickness bladder wall and peel off the entire muscular layers with a 2 microm continuous wave laser to treat bladder carcinoma.
Nine patients were treated transurethrally with a 2 microm laser under sacral block. This 2 microm laser was used to incise the full-thickness bladder wall around the tumors. The entire bladder wall was peeled between the detrusor muscle layer and outer connective tissues. Tumors with full-thickness detrusor muscle layers at the base were removed together and sent for pathological examination. Intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative complications were observed, and pathological staging and postoperative followup were performed.
All operations were successful. Mean +/- SD operative time was 8.7 +/- 2.6 minutes (range 7 to 15) per patient. Perioperative blood loss was minimal. There was no obturator nerve reflection and no hemorrhage was detected after surgery. Bladder perforation occurred in 1 case. Pathological stage of the tumors was T1 and T2a. Patients were followed for 6 to 9 months postoperatively with no recurrence at the resection site. This series included highly selected patients treated by a single high volume surgeon.
To our knowledge this is the first report of a 2 microm laser used to treat bladder carcinoma. It can be applied to precisely vaporize and incise the full-thickness bladder wall and peel it between detrusor muscle layers and outer loose connective tissues, thus completing partial cystectomy for bladder carcinoma.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bladder cancer is the second most common malignancy of urologic tumors. Back in 1976, lasers were added to the endourological armetarium for bladder tumor treatment. Despite nowadays' standard procedure for staging and treating non-muscle invasive bladder tumor by transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURB) via a wire loop, laser resection techniques for bladder tumor came back in focus with the introduction of Ho:YAG and not to mention recently Tm:YAG lasers. This review aims to display the current evidence for these techniques. Throughout April 2010, MEDLINE and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials were searched previously for the following terms: "Laser, resection, ablation, coagulation, Nd:YAG Neodym, HoYAG: Holmium, Tm:YAG Thulium and transitional carcinoma, bladder, intravesical." Eleven articles on Ho:YAG and 7 on Tm:YAG were identified. Searches by Cochrane online library resulted in no available manuscripts. Today, Nd:YAG does not play any role in treatment of lower urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma. Ho:YAG and Tm:YAG seem to offer alternatives in the treatment of bladder cancer, but still to prove their potential in larger prospective randomized controlled studies with long-term follow-up. Future expectations will show whether en bloc resection of tumors are preferable to the traditional "incise and scatter" resection technique, in which is contrary to all oncological surgical principles. For the primary targets, here are within first-time clearance of disease, in addition to low in-fields and out-of-fields recurrence rates.World Journal of Urology 05/2011; 29(4):433-42. DOI:10.1007/s00345-011-0680-5 · 3.42 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To introduce transurethal partial cystectomy with a 2013 nm thulium laser as a treatment for paraganglioma of the urinary bladder in adults. Three patients with pheochromocytomas were treated transurethrally with a 2013 nm thulium laser under general anesthesia. A 2013 nm thulium laser was used to incise the full-thickness bladder wall around the tumors. The entire bladder wall was peeled between the detrusor muscle layer and outer connective tissues. Tumors with full-thickness detrusor muscle layers at the base were removed together. Intraoperative fluctuation of blood pressure, preoperative values of 24-hour urine catecholamine (CA) and vanillylmandelic acid (VMA), and postoperative complications were observed, and postoperative followtwoups were performed. All operations were successful. Operative time was 25 to 32 minutes. Perioperative blood pressure was stable in two cases while blood pressure fluctuated in the third case. When the entire tumor and the full-thickness bladder wall at the base were freed, blood pressure reverted to stability. All values of 24-hour urine CA and VMA were within normal limits postoperatively. Patients were followed for 7 to 9 months postoperatively with no recurrence. This series included highly selected patients who were treated by a single senior surgeon who is rich in experience in performing 2013 nm thulium laser procedures. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a 2013 nm thulium laser used to treat bladder pheochromocytoma. It can be applied to precisely vaporize and incise the full-thickness bladder wall and cut down the blood supply of the tumor, then peel it while blood pressure remains stable, thus completing partial cystectomy for bladder pheochromocytoma safely.Journal of endourology / Endourological Society 10/2011; 26(6):686-90. DOI:10.1089/end.2011.0005 · 2.10 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Office has set up a guideline working panel to analyse the scientific evidence published in the world literature on lasers in urologic practice. Review the physical background and physiologic and technical aspects of the use of lasers in urology, as well as current clinical results from these new and evolving technologies, together with recommendations for the application of lasers in urology. The primary objective of this structured presentation of the current evidence base in this area is to assist clinicians in making informed choices regarding the use of lasers in their practice. Structured literature searches using an expert consultant were designed for each section of this document. Searches were carried out in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Medline and Embase on the Dialog/DataStar platform. The controlled terminology of the respective databases was used, and both Medical Subject Headings and EMTREE were analysed for relevant entry terms. One Cochrane review was identified. Depending on the date of publication, the evidence for different laser treatments is heterogeneous. The available evidence allows treatments to be classified as safe alternatives for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction in different clinical scenarios, such as refractory urinary retention, anticoagulation, and antiplatelet medication. Laser treatment for bladder cancer should only be used in a clinical trial setting or for patients who are not suitable for conventional treatment due to comorbidities or other complications. For the treatment of urinary stones and retrograde endoureterotomy, lasers provide a standard tool to augment the endourologic procedure. In benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), laser vaporisation, resection, or enucleation are alternative treatment options. The standard treatment for BPO remains transurethral resection of the prostate for small to moderate size prostates and open prostatectomy for large prostates. Laser energy is an optimal treatment method for disintegrating urinary stones. The use of lasers to treat bladder tumours and in laparoscopy remains investigational.European Urology 04/2012; 61(4):783-95. DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2012.01.010 · 12.48 Impact Factor