[Identification of genetic alterations by multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis in oligodendrogliomas].
ABSTRACT Concurrent deletion at 1p/19q is a common signature of oligodendrogliomas, and it may be identified in low-grade tumours (grade II) suggesting it represents an early event in the development of these brain neoplasms. Additional non-random changes primarily involve CDKN2A, PTEN and EGFR. Identification of all of these genetic changes has become an additional parameter in the evaluation of the clinical patients' prognosis, including good response to conventional chemotherapy. Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis is a new methodology that allows an easy identification of the oligodendrogliomas' abnormalities in a single step. No need of the respective constitutional DNA from each patient is another advantage of this method. We used MLPA kits P088 and P105 to determine the molecular characteristics of a series of 40 oligodendrogliomas. Deletions at l p and 19q were identified in 45% and 65% of cases, respectively. Alterations of EGFR, CDKN2A, ERBB2, PTEN and TP53 were also identified in variable frequencies among 7% to 35% of tumours. These findings demonstrate that MLPA is a reliable technique to the detection of molecular genetic changes in oligodendrogliomas.
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ABSTRACT: Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) involving the distal chromosome 1 p36 region occurs frequently in nonastrocytic brain tumours, but the tumour suppressor gene targeted by this deletion is unknown. p73 is a novel gene that has high sequence homology and similar gene structure to the p53 gene; it has been mapped to 1 p36, and may thus represent a candidate for this tumour suppressor gene. To determine whether p73 is involved in nonastrocytic brain tumour development, we analysed 65 tumour samples including 26 oligodendrogliomas, 4 ependymomas, 5 medulloblastomas, 10 meningiomas, 2 meningeal haemangiopericytomas, 2 neurofibrosarcomas, 3 primary lymphomas, 8 schwannomas and 5 metastatic tumours to the brain, for p73 alterations. Characterization of allelic loss at 1 p36-p35 showed LOH in about 50% of cases, primarily involving oligodendroglial tumours (22 of 26 cases analysed; 85%) and meningiomas (4 of 10; 40%). PCR-SSCP and direct DNA sequencing of exons 2 to 14 of p73 revealed a missense mutation in one primary lymphoma: a G-to-A transition, with Glu291Lys change. 8 additional cases displayed no tumour-specific alterations, as 3 distinct polymorphic changes were identified: a double polymorphic change of exon 5 was found in one ependymoma and both samples derived from an oligodendroglioma, as follows: a G-to-A transition with no change in Pro 146, and a C-to-T variation with no change in Asn 204: a delG at exon 3/+12 position was identified in 4 samples corresponding to 2 oligodendrogliomas, 1 ependymoma and 1 meningioma, and a C-to-T change at exon 2/+10 position was present in a metastatic tumour. Although both LOH at 1 p36 and p73 sequence changes were evidenced in 4 cases, it is difficult to establish a causal role of the p73 variations and nonastrocytic brain tumours development.British Journal of Cancer 08/2001; 85(2):204-8. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Proto-oncogene amplification is an important alteration that is present in about 45% to 50% of high-grade human gliomas. We studied this mechanism in 8 genes (cyclin-dependent kinase-4 [CDK4], MDM2, MDM4, renin-angiotensin system-1, ELF3, GAC1, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-A gene) in a series of 40 oligodendrogliomas (World Health Organization (WHO) grade II, 21; WHO grade III, 13; and WHO grade II-III oligoastrocytomas, 6) using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Amplification of at least 1 of these genes was detected in 58% of samples (23/40). By histopathologic grade, 67% of grade II oligodendrogliomas (14/21), 46% of grade III anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (6/13), and 50% of mixed oligoastrocytomas (3/6) were positive for amplification of at least 1 gene. CDK4, MDM2, and GAC1 were the most frequently involved genes (12/40 [30%], 12/40 [30%], and 13/40 [33%], respectively). Our findings demonstrate gene amplification in low-grade samples indicating that it is an important alteration in the early steps of oligodendroglioma development and, therefore, might be considered a molecular mechanism leading to malignant progression toward anaplastic forms.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/2005; 123(6):900-6. · 2.88 Impact Factor