Case-matched comparison of long-term results of non-heart beating and heart-beating donor renal transplants.
ABSTRACT Function and survival of non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) renal transplants have been shown to be comparable to those from heart-beating donors (HBDs) up to 10 years after transplantation. However, there are few data on outcome after 10 years, particularly from uncontrolled NHBD donors.
All NHBD renal transplants (predominantly uncontrolled) performed between April 1992 and January 2002 were retrospectively matched with HBD renal transplants performed over the same period.
Some 112 NHBD renal transplants were compared with 164 HBD renal transplants. Delayed graft function was significantly higher in the NHBD group (83.9 versus 22.0 per cent respectively; P < 0.001). Primary non-function rates were similar (5.4 versus 1.8 per cent respectively; P = 0.164). Overall serum creatinine was significantly higher in NHBDs (P < 0.001). Median graft and patient survival was 126 months for NHBD and 159 months for HBD kidneys. Death-censored graft survival at 1, 5, 10 and 15 years was respectively 91.8, 77.5, 61.0 and 44.2 per cent for NHBD, and 91.1, 86.3, 71.7 and 58.5 per cent for HBD kidneys (P = 0.108).
Despite increased delayed graft function rates and serum creatinine levels, the long-term survival of NHBD renal transplants was similar to those from HBDs. However, there was a trend to poorer function and survival from 10 years after transplant.
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ABSTRACT: The dramatic shortage of kidney donors has triggered interest in other sources of organs, such as donors without a heartbeat. Accumulating evidence suggests that the short-term survival of cadaveric kidneys from such donors is similar to that of cadaveric kidneys from donors with a heartbeat. However, no data from large, matched studies with long-term follow-up are available. We conducted a matched, single-center study of kidney transplants obtained from donors without a heartbeat and those from donors with a heartbeat, with a 15-year follow-up period. Between 1985 and 2000, 122 kidney transplantations involving donors without a heartbeat were performed at the University of Zurich, in Switzerland. Outcomes of these procedures were compared with those of 122 transplantations of kidneys from donors with a heartbeat. The recipients were matched according to age, sex, number of transplantations, and calendar period of transplantation. The characteristics of the recipients did not differ significantly between the two groups. We observed a significantly higher incidence of delayed graft function among the patients who received kidneys from donors without a heartbeat (48.4 percent) than among the patients who received kidneys from donors with a heartbeat (23.8 percent) (P<0.001). However, the long-term rate of graft survival was similar in the two groups (P=0.98): at 10 years, the rate of graft survival was 78.7 percent for kidneys from donors without a heartbeat and 76.7 percent for kidneys from donors with a heartbeat. Although the incidence of delayed graft function is significantly higher with kidneys from donors without a heartbeat than with kidneys from donors with a heartbeat, there is no difference in long-term outcome between the two types of graft.New England Journal of Medicine 07/2002; 347(4):248-55. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Owing to the shortage of organ donors, there is renewed interest in donation after cardiac death (DCD), formerly referred to as nonheart-beating donation. From January 1984 until August 2000, 382 renal transplants were performed from DCD donors. These were compared with 1089 renal transplants performed from donation after brain death (DBD) donors. The mean warm ischemic time in DCD donors was 16.5 min. There was no statistical difference in cold ischemic time, rate of primary nonfunction, or graft loss in the first 30 days after transplantation. The rate of delayed graft function (DGF) was higher for DCD donors (27.5% vs. 21.3%; p = 0.016) and discharge creatinine was higher in DCD donors (1.92 mg/dL vs. 1.71 mg/dL; p = 0.001). There was no statistical difference in the 5-, 10-, or 15-year allograft survival when DCD donors were compared with DBD donors (64.8%, 44.8%, 27.8% vs. 71.3%, 48.3%, 33.8%; p = 0.054). Likewise, no statistical difference in the rate of technical complications was seen. Our long-term data indicate that the results of renal transplantation from DCD donors are equivalent to long-term allograft survival from DBD donors despite an increase in the rate of DGF. Organ procurement organizations, transplant centers, and hospitals should work to expand the implementation of DCD policies.American Journal of Transplantation 10/2004; 4(9):1490-4. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reluctance to accept non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) as a source of kidneys, is due to medical, ethical, and logistical reasons. Evidence suggest that the short-term graft survival is similar to that of kidneys obtained from heart-beating donors (HBD). However, few studies, with long-term follow-up are available. We conducted a single-center study of kidneys obtained from NHBD, in a 14-year period. We studied 100 patients transplanted with kidneys between 1989 and 2004, using NHBD, supported by heart compression and mechanical ventilation (n = 24), intravascular in situ cooling (n = 59), or cardiorespiratory resuscitation plus manual abdominal counterpulsation without cooling (n = 17), the last technique being used from 1998. The median follow-up was 51 +/- 51 months (range, 1 to 170). The outcomes of these procedures were compared to those of 1025 transplantations of kidneys from HBD performed during the same period. The characteristics of the recipients did not differ significantly between the two groups. Kidneys from NHBD showed a significantly higher rate of delayed graft function (DGF; 84% vs 26%; (P < .001), furthermore, the primary nonfunction (PNF) incidence was significantly higher with NHBD vs HBD (16% vs 10%; P < .001). The incidence of acute rejection episodes (ARE) within 3 months and at 1 year did not differ between the groups of donors; however, more NHBD kidneys were lost from ARE. The short-term (3-month and 1 year) and long-term (5 and 10 years) renal function, determined by the serum creatinine levels, and patient and graft survival were not different for kidneys obtained from NHBD. The incidences of PNF and DGF were significantly higher with NHBD, which produced poorer renal function at the time of hospital discharge. One-, 5-, and 10-year graft survivals and renal function did not differ between NHBD and HBD grafts. In our series, PNF was the main barrier to the use of NHBD.Transplantation Proceedings 11/2005; 37(9):3658-60. · 0.95 Impact Factor