The osteoprotective effect of Radix Dipsaci extract in ovariectomized rats
ABSTRACT The objective of the present study was to systematically evaluate the effects of Radix Dipsaci extract (RDE) on postmenopausal osteoporosis.
OVX or sham operations were performed on sixty 3-month-old virgin Sprague-Dawley rats that were divided into six groups: sham control group (sham, n=10); OVX control group (OVX, n=10); 17beta-estradiol treatment group (E2, n=10); three Radix Dipsaci extract treatment groups RDE100 (n=10), RDE300 (n=10) and RDE500 (n=10). The treatment began 4 weeks after the surgery and lasted for 16 weeks. Bone mass, bone turnover and strength were analyzed by DEXA, biochemical markers and three-point bending test. The trabecular bone microarchitecture was evaluated by MicroCT.
16 weeks treatment of RDE slowed down the body weight gain and prevented the loss of bone mass induced by the OVX. The prevention effect on bone loss was due to altering the rate of bone remodeling, which could be inferred from the decreased level of bone turnover markers, such as serum ALP, OC and urinary DPD. The changes of urinary calcium and phosphorus excretion provided the same evidence. The treatment could also enhance the bone strength and prevent the deterioration of trabecular microarchitecture.
Our study provides evidence that Radix Dipsaci extract will have potential to be used for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Ching-Mao Chang
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- "“Xu-duan" was the second most commonly used Chinese single herb for OA. It was shown to increase bone mineral density and also had osteo-protective effect in animal model [49,50]. “Xu-dan” can also improve degeneration of cartilage and bone in the OA mice model . "
ABSTRACT: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been commonly used for treating osteoarthritis in Asia for centuries. This study aimed to conduct a large-scale pharmaco-epidemiologic study and evaluate the frequency and patterns of CHM used in treating osteoarthritis in Taiwan. A complete database (total 22,520,776 beneficiaries) of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) outpatient claims offered by the National Health Insurance program in Taiwan for the year 2002 was employed for this research. Patients with osteoarthritis were identified according to the diagnostic code of the International Classification of Disease among claimed visiting files. Corresponding prescription files were analyzed, and an association rule was applied to evaluate the co-prescription of CHM for treating osteoarthritis. There were 20,059 subjects who visited TCM clinics for osteoarthritis and received a total of 32,050 CHM prescriptions. Subjects between 40 and 49 years of age comprised the largest number of those treated (19.2%), followed by 50-59 years (18.8%) and 60-69 years group (18.2%). In addition, female subjects used CHMs for osteoarthritis more frequently than male subjects (female: male = 1.89: l). There was an average of 5.2 items prescribed in the form of either an individual Chinese herb or formula in a single CHM prescription for osteoarthritis. Du-zhong (Eucommia bark) was the most commonly prescribed Chinese single herb, while Du-huo-ji-sheng-tang was the most commonly prescribed Chinese herbal formula for osteoarthritis. According to the association rule, the most commonly prescribed formula was Du-huo-ji-sheng-tang plus Shen-tong-zhu-yu-tang, and the most commonly prescribed triple-drug combination was Du-huo-ji-sheng-tang, Gu-sui-pu (Drynaria fortune (Kunze) J. Sm.), and Xu-Duan (Himalaya teasel). Nevertheless, further clinical trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of these CHMs for treating osteoarthritis. This study conducted a large scale pharmaco-epidemiology survey of Chinese herbal medicine use in OA patients by analyzing the NHIRD in Taiwan in year 2002.BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 03/2014; 14(1):91. DOI:10.1186/1472-6882-14-91 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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- "The H&E staining of the left femoral distal end was also applied to further evaluate the trabecular bone structure. MicroCT was recently developed as a method that can quickly evaluate the morphology and structure of trabecular bone . In the current study, evaluation of the trabecular bone at the L3 and femoral distal end using MicroCT indicated that ovariectomy significantly reduced trabecular BV/TV and TbTh (or TbN) but increased TbSp, which are typical changes seen in cancellous bone loss. "
ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the effects of Remifemin (isopropanolic extract of Cimicifuga Racemosa) on postmenopausal osteoporosis. 120 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: sham surgery with vehicle, ovariectomy with vehicle, ovariectomy with estradiol valerate, or ovariectomy with Remifemin. Daily oral administrations of the vehicle, estradiol valerate, or Remifemin began 2 weeks after surgery and lasted to 4, 8, or 12 weeks. Ten rats in each group were sacrificed at each timestep with assessment of bone mineral density, trabecular bone structure, and biomechanical parameters of the femur and lumbar vertebra. Bone turnover markers were evaluated 12 weeks after surgery. Both drugs prevented bone density loss in the distal end of the femur and preserved the trabecular bone structure in both the lumbar vertebra and distal end of the femur following ovariectomy. Both drugs protected bone stiffness at the tested regions and reduced bone reabsorption in ovariectomized rats. The preventive effects of Remifemin against bone-loss can rival those of estradiol valerate if treatment duration is adequately extended. In conclusion, Remifemin may demonstrate equivalent effects to estradiol valerate in terms of preventing postmenopausal osteoporosis.PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e82815. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0082815 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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- "Herbal preparations with Herba epimedii as the main component have been developed for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in Asian countries such as China and Japan (Qin et al., 2005). Other components in XLGB, such as Radix Dipsaci and Psoralea corylifolia L, have been reported to have therapeutic effects by preventing the loss of bone mass in ovariectomized rats (Liu et al., 2009), or estrogenic activities in yeast transactivation and E-screen assays (Lim et al., 2011). "
ABSTRACT: Abstract Allisartan isoproxil (ALS-3) is a selective, nonpeptide blocker of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor. It is a new antihypertensive drug under development with a novel chemical structure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicity of ALS-3 in Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were orally administered either vehicle or ALS-3 at doses of 20, 80 and 320 mg/kg once-daily for 26 weeks, followed by a 6-week recovery period. Toxicity was assessed by mortality, clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, hematology, coagulation, serum chemistry, gross necropsy, organ weights and microscopic examination. Decreased body-weight gain was noted at 320 mg/kg/day in both sexes as well as at the 80-mg/kg/day dose in females. Food consumption was decreased at all doses in males and at 80- and 320-mg/kg/day doses in females. Decreased erythrocyte parameters (erythrocyte count, hemoglobin and hematocrit) were observed in males receiving 320 mg/kg/day. Elevated urea nitrogen (BUN), increased kidney weight, decreased heart weight and exacerbation of chronic progressive nephropathy (CPN) severity were all observed in males at 80 and 320 mg/kg/day. However, only an exacerbated incidence of CPN was observed in females at 320 mg/kg/day. All changes were reversed after the 6-week recovery period, except BUN and CPN. Based on these results, we concluded that a dose of 20 mg/kg/day was the no observed adverse effect level. The toxicity target organ was the kidney. Males were more affected than females.Drug and Chemical Toxicology 03/2013; 36(4). DOI:10.3109/01480545.2013.776580 · 1.10 Impact Factor