Repeated injection of corticosterone (CORT) induces dysregulation in the HPA axis, resulting in depression and anxiety. Many studies have shown that acupuncture, which is widely used for the treatment of stress and mental illness, in East Asian countries, is an effective therapeutic intervention for psychosomatic disorders. We investigated the influence of acupuncture therapy on chronic CORT-induced behavioral responses to the forced swimming test (FST) and elevated plus maze (EPM) and expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the rat brain using immunohistochemistry. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with CORT (40 mg/kg, i.p.) once daily for 19 consecutive days. The dysregulation of HPA axis by external injection of CORT was confirmed by measuring the CORT concentration in plasma and the expression level of CRF in hypothalamus. Acupuncture was performed at the PC6 acupoint for 5 min before CORT injection. Acupuncture significantly reduced depression- and anxiety-like behavior and increased NPY expression in the hypothalamus. These results demonstrated that stimulation of the PC6 acupoint suppresses the symptopathology of the hypoactivated HPA axis in chronic CORT-induced rat model of depression.
"In East Asian nations, acupuncture has been widely used as a therapeutic method to treat many psychosomatic disorders including major depression, stress, and drug abuse . Its therapeutic effects and mechanisms have been investigated in both clinical and animal studies. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether acupuncture stimulation attenuates withdrawal-induced behaviors in the rats during protracted abstinence following chronic morphine exposure. To do this, male rats were first exposed to morphine gradually from 20 to 100 mg/kg for 5 days, and subsequently naloxone was injected once to extend despair-related withdrawal behaviors for 4 weeks. Acupuncture stimulation was performed once at the SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupoint on rat's; hind leg for 5 min during protracted abstinence from morphine. The acupuncture stimulation significantly decreased despair-like behavior deficits in the forced swimming test and low sociability in the open-field test as well as increased open-arm exploration in the elevated plus maze test in the last week of 4-week withdrawal period. Also the acupuncture stimulation significantly suppressed the increase in the hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) expression, the decrease in the tyrosine hydroxylase expression in the locus coeruleus, and the decrease in the hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA expression, induced by repeated injection of morphine. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that the acupuncture stimulation of SP6 significantly reduces withdrawal-induced behaviors, induced by repeated administration of morphine in rats, possibly through the modulation of hypothalamic CRF and the central noradrenergic system.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2014; 2014:216503. DOI:10.1155/2014/216503 · 1.88 Impact Factor
"e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / n c i depressive-like symptoms (Dwivedi et al., 2006; Johnson et al., 2006; Murray et al., 2008; Lee et al., 2009; Zhao et al., 2009; Crupi et al., 2010), while antidepressants and acupuncture treatment could significantly reverse these changes (Lee et al., 2009; Crupi et al., 2010). These findings suggest that corticosteronetreated rodents may be a valid depression model to evaluate the efficacy of antidepressant candidates and explore the mechanism of action of antidepressants (Zhao et al., 2008; Iijima et al., 2010). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A mouse model of depression has been recently developed by exogenous corticosterone administration. The present study aimed to examine the antidepressant-like effect and the possible mechanisms of piperine, a major alkaloid of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) and long pepper (Piperlongum Linn.), in corticosterone-induced depression in mice. The results showed that 3-weeks corticosterone injections caused depression-like behavior in mice, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose consumption and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test and tail suspension test. Moreover, it was found that brain-derived neurotrophic factor protein and mRNA levels in the hippocampus were significantly decreased in corticosterone-treated mice. Treating the animals with piperine significantly suppressed behavioral and biochemical changes induced by corticosterone. The results suggest that piperine produces an antidepressant-like effect in corticosterone-treated mice, which is possibly mediated by increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the hippocampus.
Neurochemistry International 01/2014; · 3.09 Impact Factor
"Electroacupuncture (EA) is one of the most frequently used therapeutic modalities for mental disorders, particularly in the East [1,2]. A growing number of studies have demonstrated the antidepressant-like effects of EA [3,4]. However, the neural mechanisms underlying the antidepressant-like effects of EA on depression remain complicated. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigate the proliferation of adult neural stem cells (NSCs) in a chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) rat model of depression, the effects of electroacupunture (EA) on depressive-like symptoms and the corresponding signaling pathways.
SD rats were subjected to 4 weeks of CUS to induce depressive-like behaviors. EA was performed at the Du-20 (Bai-Hui) and GB-34 (Yang-Ling-Quan) acupoints. Rats were injected with BrdU and the brains were cut into sections. Double-labeling with BrdU/Sox2 and p-ERK/Nestin was performed to demonstrate the in vivo proliferation of adult NSCs in hippocampus and ERK activation in NSCs. Hippocampal microdialysates of different groups were collected to observe the in vitro effects on NSCs.
After 8 treatments, EA generated a clear antidepressant effect on the stressed rats and promoted the NSC proliferation. ERK activation might be involved in the antidepressant-like effects of EA treatment. Hippocampal microdialysates from EA-treated stressed rats influenced NSCs to form larger neural spheres and exhibit higher p-ERK level in vitro, compared to the untreated stressed rats. Meanwhile, the antidepressant-like effects of EA involved contribution from both acupoint specificity and electrical stimulus.
EA might interfere with the hippocampal microenvironment and enhance the activation of ERK signaling pathways. This could mediate, at least in part, the beneficial effects of EA on NSC proliferation and depressive-like behaviors.
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 10/2013; 13(1):288. DOI:10.1186/1472-6882-13-288 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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