NK cells in the CD19- B220+ bone marrow fraction are increased in senescence and reduce E2A and surrogate light chain proteins in B cell precursors.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA.
Mechanisms of ageing and development (Impact Factor: 3.51). 07/2009; 130(6):384-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.mad.2009.03.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT E2A encoded proteins, key transcriptional regulators in B lineage specification and commitment, have been shown to decrease in B cell precursors in old age. E2A regulates genes encoding the surrogate light chain proteins lambda5 and VpreB. In old age, B cell precursors express less surrogate light chain and this results in compromised pre-B cell receptor function and diminished expansion of new pre-B cells in senescence. Herein, we show that aged bone marrow has increased Hardy Fraction A (CD19(-) B220(+)) cells, including NK cells, that can inhibit both E47 (E2A) protein and surrogate light chain protein expression in B cell precursors. In vitro, NK-associated inhibition of E47 protein is contact-independent and partially reversed by neutralization of TNFalpha. In vivo, depletion of NK cells in aged mice by treatment with anti-asialo GM1 antibody led to restoration of surrogate light chain protein levels to that typical of young B cell precursors. These studies suggest that NK cells, within the CD19(-) B220(+) bone marrow cell fraction, may contribute to a bone marrow microenvironment that has the potential to negatively regulate E47 (E2A) as well as surrogate light chain levels in B cell precursors in old age.

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