Association of the-757T > C polymorphism in the CRP gene with circulating C-reactive protein levels and carotid atherosclerosis
ABSTRACT C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory protein that may play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. CRP gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be associated with CRP concentration; however, their independent effect on atherosclerosis has not been yet established. We aimed to determine whether the 5'-flanking -757T>C CRP gene polymorphism is associated with CRP concentration and carotid atherosclerosis.
We genotyped the -757T>C CRP gene SNP and determined the concentration of serum CRP, the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and the existence of plaque/s in 612 apparently healthy men and women aged 66+/-10 years.
Carriers of the CRP -757C allele presented with higher IMT and higher CRP concentrations (p=0.002, p=0.042, respectively). After adjustment for vascular risk factors, linear regression analysis showed an independent effect of CRP -757C allele on carotid IMT, beyond serum CRP concentrations. This SNP was also associated with carotid plaque occurrence (O.R. 1.74, 95% CI 1.1-2.77, p=0.002).
The present study provides evidence that a genetic variant of CRP gene is associated with carotid atherosclerosis, independently of traditional vascular risk factors. Further large-scale genomic studies are required, which may identify the genetic vulnerable subjects to develop atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: Some of the risk factors of ischaemic stroke influence the development of atherosclerosis, which is a significant cause of vascular incidents. An inflammatory component plays a role in pathogenesis of both atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation, the most important risk factor of embolic strokes. C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration in blood reflects the inflammatory process. Concentration of this protein depends on the CRP gene polymorphism. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between selected risk factors of stroke and variant of -717A>G (rs2794521) CRP gene polymorphism in population of West Pomerania Province of Poland. There were 125 consecutive patients with ischaemic stroke analysed, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In all patients, -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism was genotyped and analysed in relation to selected stroke risk factors. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes was lower in patients with AA genotype of -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism than in patients with other alleles (p=0.017). Subjects with GG genotype had significantly higher concentration of CRP comparing to AG genotype (p=0.023). No correlation was found between -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism and the lipid profile and other selected risk factors of stroke. In patients with ischaemic stroke in West Pomerania Province, the GG genotype of -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism is associated with significantly higher CRP concentration in relation to AG genotype. Patients with AA genotype may be characterised by lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes.Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 01/2014; 48(1):30-4. DOI:10.1016/j.pjnns.2013.12.001 · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. The aim of the present study was an analysis of heteroplasmy level in mitochondrial mutations 652delG, A1555G, C3256T, T3336C, 652insG, C5178A, G12315A, G13513A, G14459A, G14846A, and G15059A in normal and affected by atherosclerosis segments of morphologically mapped aortic walls. Methods. We investigated the 265 normal and atherosclerotic tissue sections of 5 human aortas. Intima of every aorta was divided according to morphological characteristics into segments with different types of atherosclerotic lesions: fibrous plaque, lipofibrous plaque, primary atherosclerotic lesion (fatty streak and fatty infiltration), and normal intima from human aorta. PCR-fragments were analyzed by a new original method developed in our laboratory on the basis of pyrosequence technology. Results. According to the obtained data, mutations G12315A and G14459A are significantly associated with total and primary atherosclerotic lesions of intimal segments and lipofibrous plaques (P ≤ 0.01 and P ≤ 0.05, accordingly). Mutation C5178A is significantly associated with fibrous plaques and total atherosclerotic lesions (P ≤ 0.01). A1555G mutation shows an antiatherosclerotic effect in primary lesion in lipofibrous plaques (P ≤ 0.05). Meanwhile, G14846A mutation is antiatherogenic for lipofibrous plaques (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion. Therefore, mutations C5178A, G14459A, G12315A, A1555G, and G14846A were found to be associated with atherosclerotic lesions.01/2015; 2015:825468. DOI:10.1155/2015/825468
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ABSTRACT: C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker that statistically predicts future cardiovascular risk, has been reported to be associated with plasma lipid level changes. Whether CRP genetic variants affect lipid metabolism is of importance to investigate. A community-based study population including 2,731 adult subjects aged 18-62 years was used to evaluate the association of CRP gene with dyslipidemia and five tagging SNPs (tagSNPs) were genotyped. Multiple logistic regression was applied to further evaluate relationships between the SNPs and lipid metabolism abnormality and general linear model was applied to compare plasma lipid levels between genotypes. Association analyses indicated that recessive model of SNPs rs876537 and rs4285692 had significant association with elevated HDL after adjustment for covariates. Odds ratio (OR) of rs876537 were 0.60 for HDL > 1.54 versus 1.04-1.54 mmol/L (P = 0.011), as well as, ORs were 0.617 for HDL > 1.83 versus ≤1.35 mmol/L (P = 0.002) and 0.724 for HDL = 1.59-1.83 versus ≤1.35 mmol/L (P = 0.028) respectively. OR of rs4285692 was 0.634 for HDL > 1.83 versus ≤1.35 mmol/L (P = 0.027). Further stratification analysis found significant associations of rs10737175 with elevated HDL (>1.54 vs. 1.04-1.54 mmol/L, OR 0.629 and P = 0.027) and elevated TG (≥1.70 vs. <1.70 mmol/L, ORs of additive and dominant models were 0.628, 0.545 and P values were 0.006, 0.003 respectively) in female. rs4285692 was significantly associated with elevated LDL (≥3.37 vs. <3.37 mmol/L), ORs equaled to 1.532, 2.281 for additive model and recessive model and P values were 0.028, 0.024 respectively in male. Furthermore, quantitative trait analysis indicated the variation T to C of rs876537 significantly affect decreased plasma HDL level (P = 0.014). Our findings suggest that CRP genetic polymorphisms independently had positive association with the risk of HDL, LDL and TG elevating and further replication in other large population and biological function research would be warranted.Molecular Biology Reports 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11033-014-3087-8 · 1.96 Impact Factor