Association of the-757T > C polymorphism in the CRP gene with circulating C-reactive protein levels and carotid atherosclerosis
ABSTRACT C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory protein that may play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. CRP gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to be associated with CRP concentration; however, their independent effect on atherosclerosis has not been yet established. We aimed to determine whether the 5'-flanking -757T>C CRP gene polymorphism is associated with CRP concentration and carotid atherosclerosis.
We genotyped the -757T>C CRP gene SNP and determined the concentration of serum CRP, the intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and the existence of plaque/s in 612 apparently healthy men and women aged 66+/-10 years.
Carriers of the CRP -757C allele presented with higher IMT and higher CRP concentrations (p=0.002, p=0.042, respectively). After adjustment for vascular risk factors, linear regression analysis showed an independent effect of CRP -757C allele on carotid IMT, beyond serum CRP concentrations. This SNP was also associated with carotid plaque occurrence (O.R. 1.74, 95% CI 1.1-2.77, p=0.002).
The present study provides evidence that a genetic variant of CRP gene is associated with carotid atherosclerosis, independently of traditional vascular risk factors. Further large-scale genomic studies are required, which may identify the genetic vulnerable subjects to develop atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: Some of the risk factors of ischaemic stroke influence the development of atherosclerosis, which is a significant cause of vascular incidents. An inflammatory component plays a role in pathogenesis of both atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation, the most important risk factor of embolic strokes. C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration in blood reflects the inflammatory process. Concentration of this protein depends on the CRP gene polymorphism. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between selected risk factors of stroke and variant of -717A>G (rs2794521) CRP gene polymorphism in population of West Pomerania Province of Poland. There were 125 consecutive patients with ischaemic stroke analysed, who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In all patients, -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism was genotyped and analysed in relation to selected stroke risk factors. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes was lower in patients with AA genotype of -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism than in patients with other alleles (p=0.017). Subjects with GG genotype had significantly higher concentration of CRP comparing to AG genotype (p=0.023). No correlation was found between -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism and the lipid profile and other selected risk factors of stroke. In patients with ischaemic stroke in West Pomerania Province, the GG genotype of -717A>G CRP gene polymorphism is associated with significantly higher CRP concentration in relation to AG genotype. Patients with AA genotype may be characterised by lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes.Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 01/2014; 48(1):30-4. DOI:10.1016/j.pjnns.2013.12.001 · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An elevated plasma level of C-reactive protein (CRP) is a risk for, and prognostic factor of, colorectal cancer (CRC). In other reports of CRP concerning cardiovascular disease, CRP level correlated with its gene polymorphisms. We hypothesized that CRP polymorphisms associate risk and prognosis of CRC. This study enrolled 421 patients with CRC and 218 healthy control subjects. After preliminary studies, we selected four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CRP gene: +2147A > G (rs1205), +942G > C (rs1800947), -717A > G (rs2794521), and -757T > C (rs3093059). At first, analyzing distributions of four SNPs between CRC case and non-CRC control groups was performed. Subsequently, the impacts of these SNPs with other prognostic factors of disease-free interval (DFI) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were analyzed using uni- and multivariate Cox regression analyses. The case and control groups differed in the frequency of -757T > C (P = 0.002). The CRC case group had a higher percentage of the TT genotype (odds, 1.75). Regarding prognoses, multivariate analyses revealed that four factors, including stage (I, II, III), gross tumor type (polypoid, ulcerative, infiltrative), location (right, left, rectum), and -757T > C SNP (odds, 1.29; P = 0.048), correlated with DFI; two factors, including stage and +2147A > G SNP (odds, 0.71; P = 0.03), correlated with CSS. The -757T > C SNP is a risk for and prognostic factor of DFI; the +2147A > G SNP is a prognostic factor of CSS. CRP polymorphisms associate the risk and survival of CRC.Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2011; 18(7):1907-15. DOI:10.1245/s10434-011-1575-9 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: "Urtica pilulifera (U.P.) has been traditionally used in Egyptian system as an herbal remedy to be a diuretic, antiasthmatic, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic, haemostatic, antidandruff and astringent" AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the potential effects of ethyl acetate (EA), chloroform (CHLOR) and hexane (HEXA) extracts of U.P. as oral anti-diabetic agents as well as to evaluate their possible anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in type2 diabetic rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type2 diabetes was induced by a high fat diet and low dose streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetic adult male albino rats were allocated into groups and treated according to the following schedule; Pioglitazone HCL (PIO), EA, CHLOR and HEXA extracts of U.P. at two doses of 250 and 500mg/kg were used. In addition, a normal control group and a diabetic control one were used for comparison. Blood glucose, insulin resistance, antioxidant enzymes, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as well as C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor-α levels were evaluated. RESULTS: EA and CHLOR extracts of U.P. exhibited a significant hypoglycemia associated with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in diabetic rats; however HEXA extract showed no beneficial effect. These activities are responsible, at least partly, for improvements that have been seen in hyperglycemia and insulin resistance of diabetic rats. CONCLUSION: Our results encourage the traditional use of U.P. extract as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent as an additional therapy of diabetes.Journal of ethnopharmacology 11/2012; 145(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2012.11.002 · 2.94 Impact Factor