Wang B, Zhang Z, Wang Y et al.Molecular cloning and characterization of macrophage migration inhibitory factor from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta. Fish Shellfish Immunol 27:57-64

The Key Laboratory of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Fisheries College, Jimei University, Yindou Road #43, Xiamen, Fujian, China.
Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.67). 06/2009; 27(1):57-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2009.04.004
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The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (mif) cDNA and its genome were cloned from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta. Small abalone mif (samif) was originally identified from an expressed sequence tag (EST) fragment from a normalized cDNA library. It's 5' untranslated region (UTR) was obtained by 5' rapid amplification of cDNA end (RACE) techniques and its genomic DNA was cloned by PCR. The full-length cDNA of samif was of 535 bp, consisting of a 5'-terminal UTR of 49 bp, an open reading frame of 384 bp and a 3'-terminal UTR of 102 bp. The deduced protein was composed of 128 amino acids, with an estimated molecular mass of 14.0 kDa and a predicted pI of 6.90. The full-length samif genomic DNA comprises 3238 bp, containing three exons and two introns. Real time quantitative PCR analysis revealed that samif gene is constitutively expressed in 6 selected tissues, and its expression level in hepatopancreas is higher than that in the other tissues (p < 0.01). Samif expression level in the hepatopancreas at 24 and 48 h after Vibrio parahaemolyticus injection was upregulated significantly (p < 0.01), but there was no significant change after exposure to tributyltin (TBT) (p > 0.05).

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Available from: Guodong Wang, Sep 01, 2015
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    • "In vertebrates, MIFs are important pro-inflammatory cytokines acting on key cellular processes of the immune response such as cell proliferation and apoptosis [22, 23]. MIFs were identified in a variety of species, including protozoan, nematode, mollusk and crustacean species [5, 24–29]. It was shown that a mollusk MIF (BgMIF1) not only presented the expected activities on cell proliferation and apoptosis but played a major role in the response against parasitic infection [5]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background The widespread use of genome sequencing provided evidences for the high degree of conservation in innate immunity signalling pathways across animal phyla. However, the functioning and evolutionary history of immune-related genes remains unknown for most invertebrate species. A striking observation coming from the analysis of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum genome is the absence of important conserved genes known to be involved in the antimicrobial responses of other insects. This reduction in antibacterial immune defences is thought to be related to their long-term association with beneficial symbiotic bacteria and to facilitate symbiont maintenance. An additional possibility to avoid elimination of mutualistic symbionts is a fine-tuning of the host immune response. To explore this hypothesis we investigated the existence and potential involvement of immune regulators in aphid agonistic and antagonistic interactions. Results In contrast to the limited antibacterial arsenal, we showed that the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum expresses 5 members of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factors (ApMIF), known to be key regulators of the innate immune response. In silico searches for MIF members in insect genomes followed by phylogenetic reconstruction suggest that evolution of MIF genes in hemipteran species has been shaped both by differential losses and serial duplications, raising the question of the functional importance of these genes in aphid immune responses. Expression analyses of ApMIFs revealed reduced expression levels in the presence, or during the establishment of secondary symbionts. By contrast, ApMIFs expression levels significantly increased upon challenge with a parasitoid or a Gram-negative bacteria. This increased expression in the presence of a pathogen/parasitoid was reduced or missing, in the presence of facultative symbiotic bacteria. Conclusions This work provides evidence that while aphid’s antibacterial arsenal is reduced, other immune genes widely absent from insect genomes are present, diversified and differentially regulated during antagonistic or agonistic interactions. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-762) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
    BMC Genomics 09/2014; 15(1):762. DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-15-762 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    • "Another ancient and conserved cytokine of the immune system is the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), which is reported from cyanobacteria and sea urchins to humans [8], [82] and was also recently discovered in the group of mollusca [83], [84]. Previously found to be a T-cell cytokine of the adaptive immune system, MIF is emerging as an important mediator of the innate immune system and the conservation of MIF across taxa indicates an important biological function. "
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    ABSTRACT: The marine mussel Mytilus edulis and its closely related sister species are distributed world-wide and play an important role in coastal ecology and economy. The diversification in different species and their hybrids, broad ecological distribution, as well as the filter feeding mode of life has made this genus an attractive model to investigate physiological and molecular adaptations and responses to various biotic and abiotic environmental factors. In the present study we investigated the immune system of Mytilus, which may contribute to the ecological plasticity of this species. We generated a large Mytilus transcriptome database from different tissues of immune challenged and stress treated individuals from the Baltic Sea using 454 pyrosequencing. Phylogenetic comparison of orthologous groups of 23 species demonstrated the basal position of lophotrochozoans within protostomes. The investigation of immune related transcripts revealed a complex repertoire of innate recognition receptors and downstream pathway members including transcripts for 27 toll-like receptors and 524 C1q domain containing transcripts. NOD-like receptors on the other hand were absent. We also found evidence for sophisticated TNF, autophagy and apoptosis systems as well as for cytokines. Gill tissue and hemocytes showed highest expression of putative immune related contigs and are promising tissues for further functional studies. Our results partly contrast with findings of a less complex immune repertoire in ecdysozoan and other lophotrochozoan protostomes. We show that bivalves are interesting candidates to investigate the evolution of the immune system from basal metazoans to deuterostomes and protostomes and provide a basis for future molecular work directed to immune system functioning in Mytilus.
    PLoS ONE 03/2012; 7(3):e33091. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0033091 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "In recent years, MIF homologues have also been isolated from invertebrate organisms, mainly from nematodes (Marson et al., 2001) and ticks (Jaworski et al., 2001). However, to date only three MIF homologues have been identified from mollusk, two from freshwater snail Biomphalaria glabrata and the other from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta (Wang et al., 2009a). "
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an evolutionarily ancient and highly conserved cytokine with multiple functions. In the present study, a MIF-like gene was cloned from Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri (designated as CfMIF) based on expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) approach. The full-length cDNA of CfMIF was of 2296bp, consisting of a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 60bp, a 3' UTR of 1903bp with a poly(A) tail and an open reading frame (ORF) of 333bp encoded 111 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 12.6kDa and a theoretical isoelectric point of 5.63. The deduced amino acid sequence of CfMIF shared 27-50.5% similarity with those of other known MIFs. A conserved MIF domain was identified in the deduced amino acid sequence of CfMIF, and conserved proline(2) and lysine(33) were also found to be present in CfMIF. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that CfMIF is one of MIF members. The tissue distribution and temporal expression of CfMIF in hemocytes of scallop after lipopolysaccharide (LPS), peptidoglycan (PGN) and β-glucan stimulation were detected by real-time RT-PCR. CfMIF gene was ubiquitously expressed in six selected tissues of healthy scallops, with the higher expression levels in hepatopancreas, mantle and gill. In comparison with the control group, the expression of CfMIF mRNA in hemocytes was up-regulated significantly at 6h, 24h and 48h after LPS treatment, and at all time points after PGN and glucan treatment. The cDNA fragment encoding mature peptide of CfMIF was recombined and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS. The recombinant protein of CfMIF (rCfMIF) promoted sheep fibroblast migration into scraped spaces in vitro. These results generated from the present study encourage us to suggest that CfMIF was a novel member of MIF family, and it was involved in immune response and wound healing by promoting fibroblast migration.
    Developmental and comparative immunology 01/2011; 35(1):62-71. DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2010.08.009 · 2.82 Impact Factor
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