Heterozygosity for a coding SNP in COL1A2 confers a lower BMD and an increased stroke risk.
ABSTRACT Genetic variation plays an important role in osteoporosis and a prime candidate gene is Collagen alpha2(I) (COL1A2). A coding polymorphism (rs42524) in COL1A2 has previously been associated with intracranial aneurysms. Here the effects of this polymorphism have been studied in relation to bone mineral density (BMD) and prevalences of stroke and myocardial infarction (MI). rs42524 was genotyped in elderly men (n = 2004) from the Swedish MrOS cohort. Genotypes were analysed for association to BMD and certain health parameters. Significant associations (overall P < 0.05), were observed between rs42524 genotype and BMD at several skeletal sites. Surprisingly, the heterozygote genotype class exhibited lower BMD than either homozygote group. When subjects were classified as heterozygotes or homozygotes, the heterozygous genotype was found to confer a lower BMD at total hip, femoral neck and trochanter Furthermore, the heterozygote genotype had an increased risk of stroke and MI, with population Attributable Risks being 0.12 and 0.08, respectively.
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ABSTRACT: MCT1-CD147 complex is the prime lactate transporter in mammalian plasma membranes. In equine red blood cells (RBCs), activity of the complex and expression of MCT1 and CD147 is bimodal; high in 70% and low in 30%. We studied whether sequence variations contribute to the bimodal expression of MCT1 and CD147. Samples of blood and cremaster muscle were collected in connection of castration from 24 horses. Additional gluteus muscle samples were collected from 15 Standardbreds of which seven were known to express low amounts of CD147 in RBCs. The cDNA of MCT1 and CD147 together with a promoter region of CD147 was sequenced. The amounts of MCT1 and CD147 expressed in RBC and muscle membranes were measured by Western blot and mRNA levels in muscles by qPCR. MCT1 and CD147 were expressed in 20 castrates, and in four only were traces found. Sequence variations found in MCT1 were not linked to MCT1 expression. In CD147 linked heterozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) 389A>G (Met(125)Val) and 990C>T (3'-UTR) were associated to low expression of CD147. Also a mutation 168A>G (Ile(51)Val) in CD147 was associated to low MCT1 and CD147 expression. Low MCT1 and CD147 mRNA levels in gluteus were found in Standardbreds with low CD147 expression in RBCs. The results suggest that sequence variations affect the expression level of CD147, but do not explain its bimodality. The levels of MCT1 and CD147 mRNA correlated with the expression of CD147 and suggest that bimodality of their expression is regulated at transcriptional level.Gene 09/2011; 491(1):65-70. DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2011.08.030 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The precise mechanism of bone regeneration in different bone graft substitutes has been well studied in recent researches. However, miRNAs regulation of the bone formation has been always mysterious. We developed the anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) model in pigs using equine bone protein extract (BPE), recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS), and autograft as bone graft substitute, respectively. The miRNA and gene expression profiles of different bone graft materials were examined using microarray technology and data analysis, including self-organizing maps, KEGG pathway and Biological process GO analyses. We then jointly analyzed miRNA and mRNA profiles of the bone fusion tissue at different time points respectively. Results showed that miRNAs, including let-7, miR-129, miR-21, miR-133, miR-140, miR-146, miR-184, and miR-224, were involved in the regulation of the immune and inflammation response, which provided suitable inflammatory microenvironment for bone formation. At late stage, several miRNAs directly regulate SMAD4, Estrogen receptor 1 and 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 2C for bone formation. It can be concluded that miRNAs play important roles in balancing the inflammation and bone formation.03/2014; 8(1). DOI:10.1007/s11706-014-0234-z
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ABSTRACT: We have previously documented that neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) have multiple different clinical and genetic characteristics. In this study, we investigated the association of rs42524 in the alpha-2 type I collagen (COL1A2) gene, which has been identified as a risk variant for intracranial aneurysm, with nAMD and PCV in a Han Chinese population. The study prospectively recruited 195 patients with PCV, 136 patients with nAMD, and 181 control individuals. We genotyped the rs42524 polymorphism of COL1A2 using the Multiplex SNaPshot System and direct DNA sequencing. Genotype and allele frequencies were evaluated with PLINK software. The rs42524 polymorphism was modestly significantly associated with nAMD [minor allele: G, p(allelic)=0.04253, odds ratio=0.5285 (95% confidence interval: 0.2832-0.9866)], but not with PCV [minor allele: G, p(allelic)=0.4164, odds ratio=1.2110 (95% confidence interval: 0.7631-1.9210)]. The pvalues for the additive model were significant for nAMD but not for the dominant or recessive models. None of the models for PCV were statistically significant. The size of our sample cohort resulted in a post hoc power of more than 80% to detect associations of rs42524 with nAMD and PCV. The rs42524 polymorphism is a risk allele for nAMD in a Han Chinese population. rs42524 in COL1A2 confers different levels of susceptibility to nAMD and PCV.Molecular vision 06/2012; 18:1787-93. · 2.25 Impact FactorThis article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.