Bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of ocular disease.
ABSTRACT The use of intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) has greatly expanded since its introduction into ophthalmic care 3 years ago. A PubMed search on 1 August 2008 revealed 51 ocular disease processes that have been treated with bevacizumab. The majority of publications consist of case reports or retrospective case series and their number is increasing quickly. It is important to collate the experiences gained to date to properly inform our clinical decision making and improve the design of future clinical trials. Current studies cannot easily be combined in a meta-analysis given the lack of standardized data and the wide variety of disorders studied in small numbers. This paper will describe the attempted uses of intravitreal bevacizumab and its efficacy for each ocular disease in addition to discussing safety. Comments regarding appropriate use of this treatment are based on our current level of knowledge. It is clear that the initial encouraging results described in this paper warrant further study of intravitreal bevacizumab in larger, controlled, randomized trials.
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ABSTRACT: To document the indications, safety and possible complications of bilateral same-session intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections performed in the ophthalmic operating room. A retrospective case series study. Consecutive records of seventy four patients receiving simultaneous bilateral intravitreal injections of either ranibizumab or bevacizumab, between September 2010 and September 2013, were reviewed and the outcomes were assessed. Data collected included number of injections, indications for injections, pre-injection and post-injection visual acuity (VA), pre-injection and post-injection intraocular pressure and ocular and systemic complications/complaints after each injection. A total of 342 injections were administered to 74 patients, with a mean of 4.62 injections per patient. Seventy-three patients received bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California, USA) alone, and only one patient received both bevacizumab and ranibizumab (Lucentis; Genentech Inc.) distributed between the injections. Pre- and post-injection VA follow-up measurements were available for 65 patients. Mean follow up period was 22mo. The indications for initiating therapy were choroidal neovascular membrane from age-related macular degeneration (3 patients) and diabetic macular edema (71 patients). The mean Snellen VA before each injection was 6/22. The next post-injection follow-up mean Snellen VA was 6/20. One patient had a painful, culture-positive endophthalmitis in one eye 3d after bilateral bevacizumab. Another patient had a painless subconjunctival hemorrhage in one eye. No other ocular or systemic adverse side effects/complaints have been registered in this study group. Bilateral same-session intravitreal injections using a separate povidone-iodine preparation, speculum, needle, and syringe for each eye are well-tolerated. None of the subjects in this study requested to switch to alternating unilateral injections. Proper patient counseling as to the risk of complications with this procedure is necessary.International Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2014; 7(6):1017-21. · 0.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of 3 subconjunctival bevacizumab injections in patients with an early corneal pterygium recurrence. Methods: This study was a nonrandomized single center trial. Patients with an early corneal pterygium recurrence were selected. All patients received 3 subconjunctival bevacizumab (2.5 mg/0.1 mL) injections (basal, 2 and 4 weeks) in the recurrence area of the pterygium. The corneal and corneal-conjunctival neovascularization areas and the corneal opacification area of each pterygium were determined using digital slit lamp pictures. Results: Thirty-eight patients were enrolled into the study; all patients were injected within 3 months of the diagnosed pterygium recurrence. Interestingly, the bevacizumab injections had a significant effect (P<0.05) on the reduction of corneal, corneal-conjunctival area of neovascularization determined as pixels and on the corneal opacification area determined as mm(2) when comparing the basal values, to the values obtained after 15 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after injections. Conclusions: The vascularized area in all recurrent pterygia and the corneal opacification area with this triple regimen of subconjunctival bevacizumab injections were reduced, which remained until the end of the study. These results suggest that bevacizumab subconjunctival injections could be useful to treat recurrent pterygium.Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 11/2014; · 1.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: Extracellular matrix (ECM) and cellular membrane proteoglycans (PG) play important roles in neural differentiation and cell adhesion. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an important signal protein in vascular and retinal neural cell development, is retained in the ECM due to its high affinity for PG. Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF agent, has been extensively used for treating retinal diseases in adult and newborn patients, although its effect on the developing retina remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bevacizumab on neurocan, phosphacan and syndecan-3 PG levels in newborn rat retina Methods: Retinal explants of sixty 2-day-old Lister hooded rats were obtained after eye enucleation and maintained in culture media with or without bevacizumab for 48 hours. Immunohistochemical staining was assessed against neurocan, phosphacan and syndecan-3. PG content was quantified based on the intensity of immunohistochemical labeling. Gene expressions were quantified by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. The results from the treatment and control groups were compared Results: No significant difference in the staining intensity and mRNA expression of phosphacan and syndecan-3 was observed between the groups. However, a significant decrease in neurocan content and mRNA expression was observed in bevacizumab-treated retinal explants compared to controls Conclusions: Bevacizumab did not affect phosphacan and syndecan-3 levels but decreased neurocan content and gene expression. Therefore, it may interfere with early post-natal retinal cell differentiation. Although further studies are necessary to confirm our findings, we suggest anti-VEGF agents be used with caution in developing retinal tissue.Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 07/2014; · 3.66 Impact Factor