Altered regulation of renal sodium transporters and natriuretic peptide system in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.
ABSTRACT Although deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension is a volume dependent model of hypertension, it shows polyuria and natriuresis. It is expected that dysregulation of aquaporin water channels (AQPs) and sodium transporters associated with natriuretic peptide (NP) system may play an escape role in sodium retaining state. One week after left unilateral nephrectomy, rats were subcutaneously implanted with silastic DOCA (200 mg/kg) strips. Physiologic saline was supplied as a drinking water to all animals. 4 weeks after operation, the protein expression of AQPs, sodium transporters, and endopeptidase (NEP) was determined in the kidneys by semiquantitative immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression of NP system was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The amount of urinary ANP excretion was measured by radioimmunoassay. In DOCA-salt rats, urine osmolality was decreased while urinary excretion of sodium was increased. The expression of AQP1-3 as well as that of alpha-1 subunit of Na,K-ATPase, NHE3, NKCC2 and NCC was decreased in the kidney. The mRNA expression of ANP, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) was increased in the kidney. The expression of NEP was decreased, and urinary ANP excretion was increased. Downregulation of AQPs and sodium transporters may contribute to mineralocorticoid escape in DOCA-salt hypertension. Increased expression of natriuretic peptides associated with downregulation of NEP may play a role in natriuresis.
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ABSTRACT: In the present paper we studied the effect of urodilatin and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on the proximal tubule Na+-ATPase and (Na+K+)ATPase activities. Urodilatin and ANP inhibit the Na+-ATPase activity but not the (Na+K+)ATPase activity. Maximal effect was observed at a concentration of 10(-11) M for both peptides. In this condition, the enzyme activity decreases from 10.8 +/- 1.6 (control) to 5.7 +/- 0.9 or 6.1 +/- 0.7 nmol Pi mg(-1) min(-1) in the presence of urodilatin or ANP, respectively. This effect was completely reversed by 10(-6) M LY83583, a guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, and mimicked by 10 nM cGMP. Furthermore, both ANP and urodilatin increase cGMP production by 33% and 49%, respectively. This is the first demonstration that it was shown that urodilatin and ANP directly modulate primary active sodium transport in the proximal tubule. The data obtained indicate that this effect is mediated by the activation of the NPR-A/guanylate cyclase/cGMP pathway.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 02/2004; 1660(1-2):93-8. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Treatment of cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells with human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) or Met(O)12hANP caused a similar and marked reduction (approximately 80%) of ANP receptor number (down-regulation). A second challenge with hANP stimulated the accumulation of intracellular cGMP in the down-regulated cells to the same extent as in control cells. These data suggest that ANP receptor sites are functionally heterogenous, the more abundant site being uncoupled from guanylate cyclase but susceptible to down-regulation.European Journal of Pharmacology 04/1987; 135(3):439-42. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Expression of NHE-3 in the apical membrane of rat renal proximal tubule and thick ascending limb. Apical membrane Na/H exchange is a principal mechanism of renal proximal tubule Na absorption and H secretion, and thick ascending limb H secretion. Based on current data on Na/H exchanger isoforms (NHE-1 to 5), NHE-3 is the likeliest candidate for the apical membrane isoform. The present study localizes NHE-3 in rat kidney using polyclonal antisera against cytoplasmic epitopes of rat NHE-3. These antisera recognized an ~87 kD protein in Na/H exchanger-deficient cells transfected with the rat NHE-3 gene but not in mock-transfected cells. All antisera labeled an ~87 kD protein in plasma membranes from cortex and outer medulla. Fractionation of cortical membranes showed labeling in apical but not basolateral membranes. Cross linking studies suggested existence of oligomeric forms of the transporter. Immunohistochemistry showed strong staining of the apical membrane of S1 convoluted, and S2 convoluted tubule with lesser staining of the S2 straight tubule and absent staining of S3. Weak staining was observed in thin descending limbs in the inner stripe and intense staining was seen in the apical membrane of medullary and cortical thick ascending limbs. NHE-3 staining was absent in the remainder of the nephron. In summary, NHE-3 is the isoform responsible for NaCl and NaHCO3 absorption in the proximal convoluted tubule, and NaHCO3 absorption in the thick ascending limb. In the S3 proximal tubule and the distal convoluted tubule, apical membrane Na/H exchange activity is likely mediated by other isoform(s) of the NHE family.Kidney International - KIDNEY INT. 01/1995; 48(4).