Are backup BM harvests worthwhile in unrelated donor allogeneic transplants?
ABSTRACT The Cleveland Clinic blood and marrow transplant program has routinely performed 'backup' autologous harvests in unrelated recipients with hematological malignancies in remission, lymphoma without marrow involvement and CML in chronic phase. We reviewed all adult or cord unrelated donor (URD) transplants performed from January 1995 through September 2008 to evaluate the value of this procedure. Of 130 patients who had backup harvests, 15 (11%) had their backup harvests re-infused, all for graft failure. No patients undergoing fully ablative preparation and unmanipulated or T-depleted grafts from well-matched adult donors required infusion of backup marrow. Nine of 42 patients who underwent T cell grafts from partially matched or mismatched donors, five patients undergoing partially matched ablative transplants from adult donors or cord blood, and one patient undergoing non-myeloablative transplant required infusion of their back-up harvest. Five of 15 patients who received their backup marrow are alive in CR 2-11.6 (median 7.6) years from infusion. Two of these five were bridged to a second URD transplant; the other three showed durable disease-free survival without a second allogeneic transplant. Backup harvest is unnecessary for HLA well-matched myeloablative transplants, but may be useful in patients at higher risk of graft failure.
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ABSTRACT: The use of unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) as an alternative source of haematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) has been widely used for patients lacking a human leucocyte antigen (HLA) matched donor. One of the disadvantages of using UCB is the limited number of haematopoietic stem cells and, consequently, delayed engraftment and increased risk of early mortality. Many approaches have been investigated in the attempt to improve engraftment and survival. Among those, studies analysing prognostic factors related to patients, disease, donor and transplantation have been performed. Variable factors have been identified, such as factors related to donor choice (HLA, cell dose and others) and transplantation (conditioning and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimens). This review will focus on the interactions between HLA, cell dose and other modifiable factors related to the UCB unit selection and transplantation that may improve outcomes after UCB transplantation.British Journal of Haematology 10/2009; 147(2):262-74. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07883.x · 4.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many diseases associated with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are caused by transplanted hematopoietic cells, and the onset of these diseases occurs after homing of donor cells in the initial phase after BMT. Noninvasive observation of donor cell homing shortly after transplantation is potentially valuable for improving therapeutic outcomes of BMT by diagnosing the early stages of these diseases. Freshly harvested near-infrared fluorescence-labeled cells were noninvasively observed for 24 h after BMT using a photon counting device to track their homing process. In a congenic BMT model, the homing of Alexa Fluor 750-labeled donor cells in the tibia was detected less than 1 h after BMT. In addition, subsequent cell distribution in an intraBM BMT model was successfully monitored for the first time using this method. In the allogeneic BMT model, T-cell depletion decreased the near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) signals of the reticuloendothelial system. This approach in several murine BMT models revealed that the transplanted cells homed within 24 h after transplantation. NIRF labeling is useful for tracking transplanted cells in the initial phase after BMT, and this approach can contribute to in vivo studies aimed at improving the therapeutic outcomes of BMT.PLoS ONE 06/2010; 5(6):e11114. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0011114 · 3.53 Impact Factor