Kalopanaxsaponin A inhibits PMA-induced invasion by reducing matrix metalloproteinase-9 via PI3K/Akt- and PKCδ-mediated signaling in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells

Department of Applied Life Science, The Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Carcinogenesis (Impact Factor: 5.27). 06/2009; 30(7):1225-33. DOI: 10.1093/carcin/bgp111
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is particularly important for the invasiveness of breast cancers. We investigated the inhibitory effect of kalopanaxsaponin A (KPS-A) on cell invasion and MMP-9 activation in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-treated MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. KPS-A inhibited PMA-induced cell proliferation and invasion. PMA-induced cell invasion was blocked in the presence of a primary antibody of MMP-9, and KPS-A suppressed the increased expression and/or secretion of MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Using specific inhibitors, we confirmed that PMA-induced cell invasion and MMP-9 expression is primarily regulated by nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation via extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2. KPS-A decreased PMA-induced transcriptional activation of NF-kappaB and AP-1 and inhibited PMA-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Akt. Treatment with the protein kinase C (PKC)delta inhibitor rottlerin caused a marked decrease in PMA-induced MMP-9 secretion and cell invasion, as well as ERK/AP-1 activation, and KPS-A reduced PMA-induced membrane localization of PKCdelta. Furthermore, oral administration of KPS-A led to a substantial decrease in tumor volume and expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and PKCdelta in mice with MCF-7 breast cancer xenografts in the presence of 17beta-estradiol. These results suggest that KPS-A inhibits PMA-induced invasion by reducing MMP-9 activation, mainly via the PI3K/Akt/NF-kappaB and PKCdelta/ERK/AP-1 pathways in MCF-7 cells and blocks tumor growth and MMP-9-mediated invasiveness in mice with breast carcinoma. Therefore, KPS-A may be a promising anti-invasive agent with the advantage of oral dosing.

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Available from: Won-Yoon Chung, Aug 10, 2015
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    • "The diverse and varied subcellular localization patterns of PKCd in apoptosis make PKCd more intricate. The cell membrane translocation of PKCd was observed in UV radiation and PMA stimulation in various cell types (Chen et al. 1999; Hendey et al. 2002; Park et al. 2009; von Burstin et al. 2010). Using membrane-targeted PKCd construct, this peripheral localization of PKCd has been shown to be required for apoptosis initiation (von Burstin et al. 2010). "
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