Discovery of new S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase inhibitors for the treatment of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT).

Drug and Biomaterial R&D, Genzyme Corporation, Waltham, MA 02451, United States.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (Impact Factor: 2.65). 07/2009; 19(11):2916-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.04.096
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Modification of the structure of trypanosomal AdoMetDC inhibitor 1 (MDL73811) resulted in the identification of a new inhibitor 7a, which features a methyl substituent at the 8-position. Compound 7a exhibits improved potencies against both the trypanosomal AdoMetDC enzyme and parasites, and better blood brain barrier penetration than 1.

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    ABSTRACT: We describe the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of conformationally-locked 5'-acyl sulfamoyl adenosine derivatives as new parasitic inhibitors against Trypanosoma and Leishmania. The conformationally-locked (3'-endo, North-type) nucleosides have been synthesized by covalently attaching a 4'-CH(2)-O-2' bridge () across C2'-C4' of adenosine in order to reduce the conformational flexibility of the pentose ring. This is designed to decrease the entropic penalty for complex formation with the target protein, which may improve free-energy of stabilization of the complex leading to improved potency. Conformationally-locked 5'-acyl sulfamoyl adenosine derivatives (16-22) were tested against parasitic protozoans for the first time in this work, and showed potent inhibition of Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma rhodesiense and Leishmania infantum with IC(50) = 0.25-0.51 μM. In particular, the potent 5'-pentanyl acyl sulfamoyl adenosine derivative 17 (IC(50) = 0.25 μM) against intracellular L. infantum amastigotes and Trypanosoma subspecies is interesting in view of its almost insignificant cytotoxicity in murine macrophage host cells (CC(50) >4 μM) and in diploid human fibroblasts MRC-5 cell lines (CC(50) 4 μM). This work also suggests that variable alkyl chain length of the acyl group on the acylsulfamoyl side chain at 5' can modulate the toxicity of 5'-O-sulfamoylnucleoside analogues. This conformationally-locked sulfamoyl adenosine scaffold presents some interesting possibilities for further drug design and lead optimization.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 06/2012; 10(30):6121-9. · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: S-adenosyl-l-methionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDC) in the polyamine biosynthesis pathway has been identified as a suitable drug target in Plasmodium falciparum parasites, which causes the most lethal form of malaria. Derivatives of an irreversible inhibitor of this enzyme, 5′-{[(Z)-4-amino-2-butenyl]methylamino}-5′-deoxyadenosine (MDL73811), have been developed with improved pharmacokinetic profiles and activity against related parasites, Trypanosoma brucei. Here, these derivatives were assayed for inhibition of AdoMetDC from P. falciparum parasites and the methylated derivative, 8-methyl-5′-{[(Z)-4-aminobut-2-enyl]methylamino}-5′-deoxyadenosine (Genz-644131) was shown to be the most active. The in vitro efficacy of Genz-644131 was markedly increased by nanoencapsulation in immunoliposomes, which specifically targeted intraerythrocytic P. falciparum parasites.
    International Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance. 01/2013;
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