Better science with sex and gender: Facilitating the use of a sex and gender-based analysis in health research

NEXUS, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. .
International Journal for Equity in Health (Impact Factor: 1.71). 06/2009; 8:14. DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-8-14
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Much work has been done to promote sex and gender-based analyses in health research and to think critically about the influence of sex and gender on health behaviours and outcomes. However, despite this increased attention on sex and gender, there remain obstacles to effectively applying and measuring these concepts in health research. Some health researchers continue to ignore the concepts of sex and gender or incorrectly conflate their meanings. We report on a primer that was developed by the authors to help researchers understand and use the concepts of sex and gender in their work. We provide detailed definitions of sex and gender, discuss a sex and gender-based analysis (SGBA), and suggest three approaches for incorporating sex and gender in health research at various stages of the research process. We discuss our knowledge translation process and share some of the challenges we faced in disseminating our primer with key stakeholders. In conclusion, we stress the need for continued attention to sex and gender in health research.

Download full-text


Available from: Lorraine Greaves, Aug 13, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    • "Young and White (1995) observed that the sport practices of women are becoming more aligned with those of men. Johnson and Holman (2009) suggested that as women's participation in sport has evolved to include traditionally male sports (e.g., ice hockey, rugby) many aspects of the male sport subculture (such as initiation practices) have also been adopted. A common rationalization for hazing practices is that hazing is an important sport tradition (Johnson & Holman, 2009; Johnson, 2011). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is often claimed that sport events can stimulate interest and consequent participation in sport. The data on this matter are inconclusive, although the weight of evidence suggests that sport events can sometimes encourage slightly more sport participation from those who already participate, but do not typically attract new participants. The recent development of strategic leverage as a means to coax desired outcomes from sport events is used here to frame a three-phase study examining the potentials to leverage medium sized sport events to build sport participation. In Phase one, outcome evaluations were conducted for two Ontario based events. No strategic leveraging to build sport participation was found in either instance, although there were haphazard participation outcomes, some of which were negative. Nevertheless, stakeholders agreed that leveraging had been a missed opportunity. In Phase two, twelve experts representing different fields of endeavour participated in a workshop to identify the necessary and sufficient means to leverage sport events to build participation. This resulted in a general model that is being tested using an action research project in which athletics and gymnastics are endeavouring to leverage the International Children’s Games to build participation in those sports in the host community. Both sports are finding that strategic leverage requires them to go beyond their normal member recruitment methods, which they are finding difficult.
    Indian journal of social research 01/2013; 3(1):12-23.
  • Source
    • "The policy's suggestion of fight or flee makes it harder for men to walk away. (Legge, 2009) Gender differences in this type of decision-making also related to men's and women's distinct interpretation and application of information, health (protective) behaviours as well as gender relations in everyday life (Schofield, 2004; Johnson et al., 2009). " He thought he knew everything and I knew nothing, " one woman said about her husband's reaction to the bushfire. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proposed Australian health system reforms allude to health literacy as a major lever for a ‘well informed public’ and helping individuals assume more responsibility for their health. New national men’s and women’s health policies also acknowledge, to varying degrees, the importance of health literacy, but with little indication of why gender might be relevant. This omission reflects the absence of a coherent evidence base on health literacy and gender in Australia as well as in countries where health literacy has been more extensively examined. A lack of consensus on approaches to defining, measuring, and reporting on health literacy adds to the difficulties. We propose that viewing health literacy through a “gender lens” would contribute to building a much-needed evidence base about men’s health literacy.
  • Source
Show more