[Polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance].
ABSTRACT Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age. Insulin resistance is frequently found in affected patients, and probably plays an important physiopathological role. In this paper, we will review the well recognized association between polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance, and discuss the increased risk of glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome carried by patients diagnosed with this syndrome. We will also suggest a practical strategy for the screening and follow up of the various metabolic complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome, in light of the rare existing recommendations of the current literature.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of omega-3 in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome and to compare the clinical, hormonal, TNF-α and resistin levels in the patients treated with omega-3. A total of 45 non-obese PCOS women were studied. Women were treated with daily oral 1,500 mg of omega-3 for 6 months. Body mass index (BMI), hirsutism score, fasting glucose and insulin levels were noted for each case. Hirsutism was assessed at 6-month intervals using the Ferriman-Gallwey (F-G) scoring system. Hormonal, TNF-α and resistin levels at 6 months of therapy were compared with baseline values. BMI, F-G scoring, insulin and HOMA levels decreased significantly during treatment, but glucose levels did not change. In the hormonal profile, serum LH and testosterone levels decreased and sex hormone-binding globulin levels increased significantly after the 6 months of therapy. On the other hand, TNF-α levels showed a significant increase, whereas resistin levels showed no change. Omega-3 may be also effective in improving hirsutism and insulin resistance in patients with PCOS.Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 04/2013; 33(3):289-91. · 0.55 Impact Factor