[Polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance].
ABSTRACT Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age. Insulin resistance is frequently found in affected patients, and probably plays an important physiopathological role. In this paper, we will review the well recognized association between polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance, and discuss the increased risk of glucose intolerance, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome carried by patients diagnosed with this syndrome. We will also suggest a practical strategy for the screening and follow up of the various metabolic complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome, in light of the rare existing recommendations of the current literature.