Studies of keratins in tongue coating samples of hepatitis B patients by mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT Pooled tongue coating samples from 64 hepatitis B patients and 24 healthy adults were studied and a major band of differential proteins was found by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The differential proteins in this band were identified and proved to be keratins by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) and Western blot analysis. Furthermore, relative quantification of the identified keratins was performed via using stable isotopic labeling and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), showing the higher expression level of these keratins in tongue coating samples of hepatitis B patients than healthy adults. These results provided additional information to understand the medical diagnosis depending on the tongue coating.
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ABSTRACT: A multifunctional isothiocyanate-based isotope labeling reagent, [d (0)]-/[d (6)]-4,6-dimethoxy pyrimidine-2-isothiocyanate (DMPITC), has been developed for accurate N-terminus identification in peptide sequencing and comparative protein analysis by ESI Ion-trap TOF mass spectrometry. In contrast with the conventional labeling reagent phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC), DMPITC showed more desirable properties such as rapid labeling, sensitivity enhancement, and facilitating peptide sequencing. More significantly, DMPITC-based labeling strategy possessed the capacity of higher reliable N-terminus identification owning to the high-yield b(1) ion combined with the isotope validation of 6 Da. Meanwhile, it also showed potential in differentiating isomeric residues of leucine and isoleucine at N-terminus on the basis of the relative abundance ratios between the fragment ions of their respective b(1) ions. The strategy not only allows accurate interpretation for peptide but also ensures rapid and sensitive comparative analysis for protein by direct MS analysis. Using trypsin-digested bovine serum albumin (BSA), both peptide N-terminus identification and quantitative analysis were accomplished with high accuracy, efficiency, and reproducibility. The application of DMPITC-based labeling strategy is expected to serve as a promising tool for proteome research.Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 07/2011; 22(7):1204-13. · 3.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review focuses on recent applications of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (MALDI-FTICR-MS) in qualitative and quantitative analysis of low molecular weight compounds. The scope of the work includes amino acids, small peptides, mono and oligosaccharides, lipids, metabolic compounds, small molecule phytochemicals from medicinal herbs and even the volatile organic compounds from tobacco. We discuss both direct analysis and analysis following derivatization. In addition we review sample preparation strategies to reduce interferences in the low m/z range and to improve sensitivities by derivatization with charge tags. We also present coupling of head space techniques with MALDI-FTICR-MS. Furthermore, omics analyses based on MALDI-FTICR-MS were also discussed, including proteomics, metabolomics and lipidomics, as well as the relative MS imaging for bio-active low molecular weight compounds. Finally, we discussed the investigations on dissociation/rearrangement processes of low molecular weight compounds by MALDI-FTICR-MS.Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 05/2011; 879(17-18):1166-79. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Peptidomics analysis of human serum is challenging due to the low abundance of serum peptides and interference from the complex matrix. This study analyzed the differentially expressed (DE) low molecular weight peptides in human serum integrating a DMPITC-based N-terminal isotope labeling technique with nano-liquid chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (nano-LC/MALDI-MS). The workflow introduced a [d(6) ]-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidine-2-isothiocyanate (DMPITC)-labeled mixture of aliquots from test samples as the internal standard. The spiked [d(0) ]-DMPITC-labeled samples were separated by nano-LC then spotted on the MALDI target. Both quantitative and qualitative studies for serum peptides were achieved based on the isotope-labeled peaks. The DMPITC labeling technique combined with nano-LC/MALDI-MS not only minimized the errors in peptide quantitation, but also allowed convenient recognition of the labeled peptides due to the 6 Da mass difference. The data showed that the entire research procedure as well as the subsequent data analysis method were effective, reproducible, and sensitive for the analysis of DE serum peptides. This study successfully established a research model for DE serum peptides using DMPITC-based N-terminal isotope labeling and nano-LC/MALDI-MS. Application of the DMPITC-based N-terminal labeling technique is expected to provide a promising tool for the investigation of peptides in vivo, especially for the analysis of DE peptides under different biological conditions. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 11/2012; 26(21):2555-62. · 2.51 Impact Factor