A Novel Recessive Mutation of Fibroblast Growth Factor-23 in Tumoral Calcinosis
ABSTRACT Tumoral calcinosis is a rare disease characterized by hyperphosphatemia due to hypophosphaturia and by ectopic calcifications. Phosphatonins are important hormones that regulate phosphorus homeostasis. Tumoral calcinosis is a rare congenital disorder in which the differential diagnosis from other syndromes associated with extraskeletal calcifications may be difficult. Mutations in the UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine: polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-3 (GALNT3) and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) genes have been described. Mutational analysis is important for the early recognition of the disorder, for prevention of its complications, and for family screening strategies. We examined two unrelated white patients affected by tumoral calcinosis.
The first patient was a woman with a history of an ectopic calcification in the left shoulder. The second patient was a man with a history of an ectopic calcification in the right buttock. Routine biochemistry and FGF-23 assays were performed on serum samples. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. The FGF23 and GALNT3 genes were analyzed by direct sequencing.
A new homozygous H41Q codon 41, C-->A transversion at position 123 (c.123C>A) in exon 1 of the FGF23 gene was evidenced in both patients. No mutation of the GALNT3 gene was detected in these patients. As determined by an ELISA assay, intact FGF-23 circulating protein was low in both patients.
This is the fourth mutation of the FGF23 gene described in subjects with tumoral calcinosis.
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ABSTRACT: The signaling component of the mammalian Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) family is comprised of eighteen secreted proteins that interact with four signaling tyrosine kinase FGF receptors (FGFRs). Interaction of FGF ligands with their signaling receptors is regulated by protein or proteoglycan cofactors and by extracellular binding proteins. Activated FGFRs phosphorylate specific tyrosine residues that mediate interaction with cytosolic adaptor proteins and the RAS-MAPK, PI3K-AKT, PLCγ, and STAT intracellular signaling pathways. Four structurally related intracellular non-signaling FGFs interact with and regulate the family of voltage gated sodium channels. Members of the FGF family function in the earliest stages of embryonic development and during organogenesis to maintain progenitor cells and mediate their growth, differentiation, survival, and patterning. FGFs also have roles in adult tissues where they mediate metabolic functions, tissue repair, and regeneration, often by reactivating developmental signaling pathways. Consistent with the presence of FGFs in almost all tissues and organs, aberrant activity of the pathway is associated with developmental defects that disrupt organogenesis, impair the response to injury, and result in metabolic disorders, and cancer. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article. © 2015 The Authors. WIREs Developmental Biology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.03/2015; DOI:10.1002/wdev.176
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ABSTRACT: Tumoral calcinosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by ectopic calcification and hyperphosphatemia. We describe a family with tumoral calcinosis requiring amputations. The predominant metabolic anomaly identified in three affected family members was hyperphosphatemia. Biochemical and phenotypic analysis of 13 kindred members, together with exome analysis of 6 members, was performed. We identified a novel Q67K mutation in fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), segregating with a null (deletion) allele on the other FGF23 homologue in three affected members. Affected siblings had high circulating plasma C-terminal FGF23 levels, but undetectable intact FGF23 or N-terminal FGF23, leading to loss of FGF23 function. This suggests that in human, as in experimental models, severe prolonged hyperphosphatemia may be sufficient to produce bone differentiation proteins in vascular cells, and vascular calcification severe enough to require amputation. Genetic modifiers may contribute to the phenotypic variation within and between families.Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2014; 29(12). DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfu324 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Hyperostosis-hyperphosphatemia syndrome (HHS) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the GALNT3 and FGF23 genes. The main features of this disorder include painful swelling of long bones, increased renal reabsorption of phosphate but normal renal function and vitamin D and parathormone levels. Previously, we reported a novel missense mutation in the FGF23 gene in a patient suffering from HHS. In the present report, we demonstrated the same mutation (c.471C>A) in two other cases of HHS with similar clinical manifestations. As this nucleotide change has not been reported previously, it can be a population specific mutation in Iran that can facilitate carrier testing and prenatal diagnosis of HHS.Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 08/2014; 28(1-2). DOI:10.1515/jpem-2014-0178 · 0.71 Impact Factor