Complication Rates Following Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Ankle Fractures
ABSTRACT Ankle fractures are among the most common injuries treated by orthopaedic surgeons. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the risks of complications after open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures in a large population-based study.
With use of California's discharge database, we identified 57,183 patients who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation of a lateral malleolar, bimalleolar, or trimalleolar ankle fracture as inpatients in the years 1995 through 2005. Short-term complications were examined on the basis of the rates of readmission within ninety days after discharge. The intermediate-term rate of reoperation for ankle fusion or arthroplasty was also analyzed. Logistic regression and proportional hazard regression models were used to determine the strength of the relationships between the rates of complications and fracture type, patient demographics and comorbidities, and hospital characteristics.
The overall rate of short-term complications was low, including the rates of pulmonary embolism (0.34%), mortality (1.07%), wound infection (1.44%), amputation (0.16%), and revision open reduction and internal fixation (0.82%). The intermediate-term rates of reoperation were also low, with ankle fusion or ankle replacement being performed in 0.96% of the patients who were observed for five years. Open fractures, age, and medical comorbidities were significant predictors of short-term complications. The presence of complicated diabetes was a particularly strong predictor (odds ratio, 2.30; p < 0.001), as was peripheral vascular disease (odds ratio, 1.65; p < 0.001). The intermediate-term rate of reoperation for ankle fusion or replacement was higher in patients with trimalleolar fractures (hazard ratio, 2.07; p < 0.001) and open fractures (hazard ratio, 5.29; p < 0.001). Treatment at a low-volume hospital was not significantly associated with either the aggregate risk of short-term complications or the risk of intermediate-term reoperation.
By analyzing a large, diverse patient population, the present study clarifies the risks associated with open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures. Open injury, diabetes, and peripheral vascular disease were strong risk factors predicting a complicated short-term postoperative course. Fracture type was a strong predictor of reoperation for ankle fusion or replacement. Hospital volume did not play a significant role in the rates of short-term or intermediate-term complications.
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ABSTRACT: The optimal post-operative care regimen after surgically fixed Lauge Hansen supination exorotation injuries remains to be established. This study compares whether unprotected weight bearing as tolerated is superior to protected weight bearing and unprotected non-weight bearing in terms of functional outcome and safety. The WOW! Study is a prospective multicenter clinical trial. Patients between 18 and 65 years of age with a Lauge Hansen supination exorotation type 2, 3, or 4 requiring surgical treatment are eligible for inclusion. An expert panel validates the classification and inclusion eligibility. After surgery, patients are randomized to either the 1) unprotected non-weight-bearing, 2) protected weight-bearing, or 3) unprotected weight-bearing group. The primary outcome measure is ankle-specific disability measured by the Olerud-Molander ankle score. Secondary outcomes are 1) quality of life (e.g., return to work and resumption of sport), 2) complications, 3) range of motion, 4) calf wasting, and 5) maximum pressure load after 3 months and 1 year. This trial is designed to compare the effectiveness and safety of unprotected weight bearing with two commonly used post-operative treatment regimens after internal fixation of specified, intrinsically stable but displaced ankle fractures. An expert panel has been established to evaluate every potential subject, which ensures that every patient is strictly screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and that there is a clear indication for surgical fixation. The WOW! Study is registered in the Dutch Trial Register (NTR3727). Date of registration: 28-11-2012. http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=3727 .Trials 04/2015; 16(1):175. DOI:10.1186/s13063-015-0714-1 · 2.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate risk factors of deep infection following pilon fractures.02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jor.2015.01.026
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ABSTRACT: Percutaneous stabilisation of tibial fractures by locking plates has become an accepted form of osteosynthesis. A potential disadvantage of this technique is the risk of damage to the neurovascular bundles in the anterior and peroneal compartments. Our aim in this anatomical study was to examine the relationship of the deep peroneal nerve to a percutaneously-inserted Less Invasive Stabilisation System tibial plate in the lower limbs of 18 cadavers. Screws were inserted through stab incisions. The neurovascular bundle was dissected to reveal its relationship to the plate and screws. In all cases, the deep peroneal nerve was in direct contact with the plate between the 11th and the 13th holes. In ten specimens the nerve crossed superficial to the plate, in six it was interposed between the plate and the bone and in the remaining two specimens it coursed at the edge of the plate. Percutaneous insertion of plates with more than ten holes is not recommended because of the risk of injury to the neurovascular structures. When longer plates are required we suggest distal exposure so that the neurovascular bundle may be displayed and protected.The Bone & Joint Journal 04/2009; 91(3):385-7. DOI:10.1302/0301-620X.91B3.21673 · 2.80 Impact Factor