TAK1 activation for cytokine synthesis and proliferation of endometriotic cells.
ABSTRACT Endometriosis causes pelvic pain and infertility in women of reproductive age. We explored TNFalpha-induced specific signaling pathways and gene expressions in endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs). Based on the data of the pathway specific cDNA array, we analyzed the role of TAK1, which is believed to work as a common mediator for NF-kappaB and MAPK pathways. Using the NF-kappaB pathway array, we found that TNFalpha upregulated ICAM-3, IL-6, IL-8, TAK1, JNK2, RelA, and TLR4 expressions. TNFalpha augmented the phosphorylation of TAK1. By transfection of TAK1 siRNA, TNFalpha-induced phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha, JNK1/2, and p38MAPK, as well as IL-6 or IL-8 expression, were repressed. TAK1 silencing in TNFalpha-pretreated ESCs caused a decrease in the proportion of cells in S-phase, and reduced TNFalpha-promoted BrdU incorporation. We provide the first evidence that TNFalpha and its downstream TAK1, which are key mediators for NF-kappaB and MAPK pathways, may be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
- SourceAvailable from: Hiroaki Sakurai[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: TAK1 is a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) that is involved in the c-Jun N-terminal kinase/p38 MAPKs and NF-kappaB signaling pathways. Here, we characterized the molecular mechanisms of TAK1 activation by its specific activator TAB1. Autophosphorylation of two threonine residues in the activation loop of TAK1 was necessary for TAK1 activation. Association with TAK1 and induction of TAK1 autophosphorylation required the C-terminal 24 amino acids of TAB1, but full TAK1 activation required additional C-terminal Ser/Thr rich sequences. These results demonstrated that the association between the kinase domain of TAK1 and the C-terminal TAB1 triggered the phosphorylation-dependent TAK1 activation mechanism.FEBS Letters 07/2000; 474(2-3):141-5. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Peritoneal fluid was collected by laparoscopy. Endometrial and endometriotic stromal cells were obtained from normal endometrium and from chocolate cyst linings of the ovary. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Tottori University Hospital, Yonago, Japan. Forty women who underwent either laparoscopy or laparoscopic surgery. The peritoneal fluid concentration of IL-8 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the correlation between the IL-8 concentration and the extent of active endometriosis was investigated. The effect of IL-8 on cell proliferation was examined by tetrazolium bromide and thymidine incorporation. The expression of IL-8 receptor was examined in stromal cells by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The level of IL-8 in peritoneal fluid was significantly higher in patients with endometriosis than in patients without endometriosis. A significant correlation was noted with the extent of active endometriosis. Interleukin-8 significantly increased the number of cells and DNA synthesis in the endometrial and endometriotic stromal cells in a dose-dependent manner. Transcripts of IL-8 receptor type A were detected in stromal cells. The present study suggests that IL-8 found in the peritoneal fluid of patients with endometriosis contributes to the pathogenesis of endometriosis.Fertility and Sterility 06/1998; 69(5):924-30. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine the involvement of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the induction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in endometriotic stromal cells (ESC). Prospective study. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tottori University Hospital, Yonago, Japan. Twelve patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery. Endometriotic stromal cells were obtained from chocolate cyst linings of the ovary. We determined the effect of TNF-alpha on the production of IL-6 and the effect of inhibitors for NF-kappaB and the MAPK pathway on IL-6 production using ELISA. Western blottings and electrophoretic mobility shift assays were used to detect activation of NF-kappaB and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). The addition of TNF-alpha (0.1 ng/mL) significantly increased IL-6 protein in endometriotic stromal cells. Western blottings and electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that incubation with TNF-alpha induced degradation of inhibitor kappaB (I kappaB) and expression of phosphorylated ERK1/2. The NF-kappaB inhibitor (TPCK) and MAPK inhibitor (U0126) blocked the TNF-alpha-induced IL-6 expression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay revealed that U0126 attenuated activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation induced by TNF-alpha. These findings demonstrate that NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation is critical for TNF-alpha-induced IL-6 expression in endometriotic stromal cells. Novel therapeutic modalities targeting these molecules may be possible in the near future.Fertility and Sterility 11/2004; 82 Suppl 3:1023-8. · 4.17 Impact Factor