Behavior, neurotransmitters and inflammation in three regimens of the MPTP mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, AVC, University of Prince Edward Island, and NRC Institute for Nutriscience and Health, Charlottetown, PE, Canada C1A 5T1.
Physiology & Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.16). 06/2009; 98(1-2):130-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.04.021
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Three common dosing regimens of the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced model of Parkinson's disease (PD) were compared in C57BL/6 mice on behavior, striatal and extra-striatal neurotransmission, and brain cytokines, to clarify the differences between regimens on these variables. Acute regimen: Rotorod performance and open field grooming were decreased. Striatal dopamine (DA) was depleted, but DA turnover increased. Striatal noradrenalin (NA), frontal cortex serotonin (5-HT) and midbrain NA and DA were all depleted. Sub-acute regimen: Opposite to the acute regimen, rotorod and pole test performance, and open field grooming were all increased. Striatal DA was depleted, but DA turnover was increased more than in the acute regimen. Striatal 5-HT turnover and cortical NA were increased as well. Chronic regimen: Rotorod performance was impaired, but open field distance moved increased. Striatal DA was severely depleted and DA and 5-HT turnover strongly increased. Striatal 5-HT, frontal cortex NA and DA, and cortical DA were all depleted. Pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interferon (IFN)-gamma, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and IL-10 were only increased in the chronic regimen, but these cytokines were found to be similarly related to striatal DA turnover in all regimens. The study demonstrated that the presence of behavioral differences between regimens may depend on the type of behavioral tests used and the extent to which dopaminergic, non-dopaminergic and extra-striatal neurotransmission are affected in the regimens. The study also provided additional evidence for the validity of the relatively new chronic MPTP/probenecid model. In all, the results suggested that dosing regimens should be carefully pre-considered.

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Dirk Luchtman