The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of the infiltration injection of different vasoconstrictor and anesthetic solutions on substance P (SP) expression in healthy human dental pulp. Thirty pulp samples were obtained from healthy upper premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons and were randomly assigned into three groups of 10 samples each: 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine (Lido group), 3% Prilocaine with 1:200000 felypressin (Prilo group); and 4% Prilocaine without vasoconstrictor (Prilo-no-VC group). All teeth were extracted 10 minutes after anesthetic application. Pulp samples were processed and SP was measured by radioimmunoassay. SP expression for the Lido, Prilo, and Prilo-no-VC groups were 616.49, 663.76, and 760.79 pmol/mg pulp tissue, respectively. Analysis of variance showed statistically significant differences between groups (p = 0.001). Tukey Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) post hoc tests showed significant statistical differences between the Prilo-no-VC group and the Lido group (p < 0.01) and between the Prilo-no-VC group and the Prilo group (p < 0.05). It can be concluded that infiltration injection of local anesthetics with vasoconstrictor attenuate SP expression in human dental pulp.
"Substance P values were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Local anesthetic used in all groups of this study was 4% prilocaine without vasoconstrictor to prevent neuropeptide expression becoming attenuated by vasoconstrictors as previously demonstrated (15). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of glass ionomer and adhesive cements on SP expression in healthy human dental pulp.
Study Design: Forty pulp samples were obtained from healthy premolars where extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. In thirty of these premolars a Class V cavity preparation was performed and teeth were equally divided in three groups: Experimental Group I: Glass Ionomer cement was placed in the cavity. Experimental Group II: Adhesive Cement was placed in the cavity. Positive control group: Class V cavities only. The remaining ten healthy premolars where extracted without treatment and served as a negative control group. All pulp samples were processed and SP was measured by radioimmunoassay.
Results: Greater SP expression was found in the adhesive cement group, followed by the glass ionomer and the positive control groups. The lower SP values were for the negative control group. ANOVA showed statistically significant differences between groups (p<0.0001). Tukey HSD post hoc tests showed statistically significant differences in SP expression between negative control group and the 3 other groups (p<0.01). Differences between the cavity-only group and the two experimental groups were also statistically significant (p<0.05 and p<0.01 respectively). There is also a statistically significant difference between the two experimental groups (p<0.01).
Conclusions: These findings suggest that adhesive cements provoke a greater SP expression when compared with glass ionomer.
Key words:Glass Ionomer, adhesive cement, Substance P, human dental pulp.
"SP is abundantly contained in the fibers that innervate the dental pulp and dentin . The production and release of this molecule are highly increased upon noxious, thermal, mechanical, and chemical stimulation of the dental pulp as well as in periodontal ligament [7, 19, 22–24]. The amount of SP released by each sensory fiber is further increased during inflammatory processes, which sustains the vicious circle that underlies inflammation [23, 25]. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current evidence supports the central role of neuropeptides in the molecular mechanisms underlying dental pain. In particular, substance P, a neuropeptide produced in neuron cell bodies localised in dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia, contributes to the transmission and maintenance of noxious stimuli and inflammatory processes. The major role of substance P in the onset of dental pain and inflammation is increasingly being recognised. Well-grounded experimental and clinical observations have documented an increase in substance P concentration in patients affected by caries, pulpitis, or granulomas and in those undergoing standard orthodontic or orthodontic/dental care procedures. This paper focuses on the role of substance P in the induction and maintenance of inflammation and dental pain, in order to define future lines of research for the evaluation of therapeutic strategies aimed at modulating the complex effects of this mediator in oral tissues.
Mediators of Inflammation 02/2012; 2012(3):951920. DOI:10.1155/2012/951920 · 3.24 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of three different rotary root canal preparation systems on substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide expression in healthy human periodontal ligament.
Fifty periodontal ligament samples were obtained from healthy premolars in which extraction was indicated for orthodontic reasons. Before extraction, 40 of these premolars were equally divided into four groups, and root canals were prepared using four different systems: the ProTaper Universal rotary system, the RaCe rotary system, the Mtwo rotary system, and the hand instrumentation technique. The remaining 10 healthy premolars that were extracted without treatment served as a negative control group. All periodontal ligament samples were processed, and SP and CGRP were measured by radioimmunoassay.
Greater SP and CGRP expression were found in the ProTaper Universal group followed by the hand instrumentation group, the RaCe, and the Mtwo groups. The lower SP and CGRP values were for the negative control group. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed statistically significant differences between groups (p < 0.0001). Post hoc Least Significant Difference (LSD) tests showed statistically significant differences in SP and CGRP expression between the negative control group and all the other groups except the Mtwo group. Hand instrumentation also showed statistically significant differences with all the other groups, except the ProTaper Universal group. Differences between the three rotary systems were also statistically significant.
SP and CGRP expression in periodontal ligament increases when teeth are prepared with ProTaper Universal and RaCe rotary instrumentation systems as well as with hand instrumentation. Mtwo maintains SP and CGRP levels.
Journal of endodontics 12/2010; 36(12):1938-42. DOI:10.1016/j.joen.2010.08.043 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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