Article

Comparison of neonatal outcome for inborn and outborn very low-birthweight preterm infants

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Niao Sung Hsiang, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Pediatrics International (Impact Factor: 0.73). 05/2009; 51(2):233-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2008.02734.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to compare the neonatal outcome of very low-birthweight (VLBW) preterm infants with regard to inborn and outborn status in a medical center of Southern Taiwan, where short-distance neonatal transport is the rule and maternal transport was not well established.
This retrospective study included outborn VLBW preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Kaohsiung after neonatal transport during the period from 1999 through 2003. An equal number of inborn preterm infants matched for gender and birthweight were included as controls. Infants with lethal congenital anomalies or who died in the delivery room were excluded. Data were collected from reviewing medical charts.
A total of 34 inborn VLBW infants and 34 outborn VLBW infants with neonatal transport were included. Chronic lung disease (CLD) was significantly more frequent in the outborn group according to McNemar test (P = 0.0124) and logistic regression. Logistic regression also showed that outborn status (P = 0.0173) and birthweight (P = 0.0024) were the two most important risk factors for development of CLD.
Well-trained short distance neonatal transport is useful and valuable for VLBW infants with gestation age of 27-34 weeks in Southern Taiwan. The respiratory outcome, however, was poor in the outborn group in terms of incidence of CLD. To improve the respiratory outcome, further modification of respiratory care during transportation or antenatal maternal transport is crucial.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
100 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of childhood blindness. This retrospective study investigated ROP, including incidence, demographic information,risk factors, treatments, and refractive outcomes, in southern Taiwan over a 10-year period. The authors retrieved the National Cheng Kung University Hospital database between the years 2000 and 2009 for newborns with a gestational age less than 32 weeks and/or with a birth weight less than 1500 g who had been screened for ROP. We recorded sex, birth weight, gestational age, in-hospital versus out-of-hospital birth, paternal and maternal ages, whether there were multiple gestations, parity, Apgar scores, length of hospital stay, risk factors, presence and severity of ROP and whether it was treated, and refraction at the last visit. Regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for ROP. A total of 503 live births were included. ROP was identified in 190 (37.8%) and met criteria for treatment in 59 (11.7%).ROP was diagnosed as stage 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 in 61 (12.1%), 36 (7.2%), 81 (16.1%), 11 (2.2%), and 1 (0.2%) infant, respectively. Lower birth weight and younger gestational age were risk factors for greater severity of ROP (p < 0.001). Of the 167 with extremely low birth weight (<1000 g), 118 (70.7%) had ROP and 49 (29.3%) required treatment.On univariate analysis, low birth weight, younger gestational age, and risk factorssuch as respiratory distress syndrome, chronic lung disease, patent ductus arteriosus, surfactant usage, indomethacin usage, sepsis, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, blood transfusion, and necrotizing enterocolitis were associated with ROP. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only lower birth weight was a significant and independent risk factor for ROP. Myopia (76%)and anisometropia (28%)were common in advanced ROP. Low birth weight is a major risk factor for ROP. Infants with extremely low birth weight had a higher risk of severe ROP. Common ocular sequelae of advanced ROP were myopia and anisometropia.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 08/2013; 112(8):445-53. DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2012.03.002 · 1.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Infants born outside perinatal centers may have compromised outcomes due to the transfer speed and efficiency to an appropriate tertiary center. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of regional coordinated changes in perinatal supports and retrieval services on the outcome of transported neonates in Beijing, China.
    World Journal of Pediatrics 08/2014; 10(3):251-5. DOI:10.1007/s12519-014-0501-1 · 1.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To determine whether birth and care in the highest-level hospitals (level III) compared with birth in or postnatal transfer to lower-level hospitals (level II) are associated with 5-year morbidity in very preterm children. DESIGN A cohort study. SETTING Finland. PARTICIPANTS All surviving 5-year-old children born very preterm (gestational age <32 weeks or birth weight ≤1500 g) born in level II or level III hospitals (n = 2168) and full-term (gestational age, 37-42 weeks) children (n = 238 857) born from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Diagnoses issued after the first discharge home and overrepresented in very preterm compared with full-term children. Diagnoses were analyzed between very preterm children (1) born and treated in level III hospitals (group III), (2) born in level III and transferred to lower-level hospitals (group III/II), and (3) born and treated in level II hospitals (group II). RESULTS Group III/II children had an increased incidence of retinal disorders (odds ratio, 2.43 [95% CI, 1.66-3.56]) and asthma (1.41 [1.09-1.81]) but fewer viral infections (0.75 [0.59-0.95]) compared with group III infants. The risks for epilepsy (odds ratio, 2.71 [95% CI, 1.29-5.70]) and hyperkinetic disorders (2.19 [1.13-4.25]) were higher among group II than among group III children. No statistically significant differences between the groups for the 14 other diagnoses were found. CONCLUSIONS The increased incidence of retinopathy and asthma among infants transferred from level III to lower-level hospitals calls for analysis of the differences in treatment practices between hospital levels.
    JAMA Pediatrics 11/2012; 167(1):1-7. DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.415 · 4.25 Impact Factor