Pancreatic response in healthy dogs fed diets of various fat compositions

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia 6150.
American Journal of Veterinary Research (Impact Factor: 1.21). 05/2009; 70(5):614-8. DOI: 10.2460/ajvr.70.5.614
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To indirectly assess the pancreatic response in healthy dogs that were fed diets of different fat compositions with or without supplemental pancreatic enzymes and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs).
10 healthy adult dogs.
Dogs were fed 4 diets once in random order at 1-week intervals; food was withheld from the dogs for > or = 12 hours prior to the feeding of each diet. Diets A and B contained 16% and 5% crude fat, respectively; diet C was composed of diet A with pancreatic enzymes; and diet D was composed of diet B with pancreatic enzymes and MCTs. Serum canine trypsin-like immunoreactivity (cTLI) and canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentrations were measured before (0 hours) and at 1 to 2 and 6 hours after feeding. Serum gastrin concentration was measured at 0 hours and at 5 to 10 minutes and 1 to 2 hours after feeding. A gastrin assay validation study was performed to confirm accuracy of test results in dogs. Data were analyzed by use of a repeated-measures general ANOVA.
Serum cTLI, cPLI, or gastrin concentrations in the dogs did not differ among the different diets fed, among dogs, or over time. When multiple comparisons were analyzed, diet D caused the least amount of measurable pancreatic response, although this difference was not significant.
Results did not indicate a significant effect of dietary fat content or addition of supplemental MCT oil or pancreatic enzymes in diets on serum cTLI, cPLI, or gastrin concentrations in healthy dogs.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Measurement of serum concentration of pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (PLI) has been shown to be highly specific for exocrine pancreatic function and sensitive for the diagnosis of canine pancreatitis. Currently, it is recommended that food be withheld for at least 12 hours before collecting a blood sample for analysis from dogs. However, it is unknown whether feeding has any influence on serum canine PLI concentration. Thus, the goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of feeding on serum canine PLI concentrations in healthy dogs. Food was withheld from eight healthy adult Beagle dogs for at least 17 hours and a baseline serum sample (0 minutes) was collected. Dogs were fed and serum samples were collected at 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 150, 180, 210, 240, 300, 360, 420, and 480 minutes. There was no significant difference in serum canine PLI concentrations at any time after feeding (P=0.131). We conclude that feeding has no significant influence on serum canine PLI concentrations.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic enzymes, such as trypsin and lipase, are essential for the digestion of dietary components in the small intestine. Measurement of both enzymes in jejunal fluid and fecal specimens from dogs has not been reported and will be a prelude for further investigations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to validate radioimmunoassays (RIAs) for the measurement of canine trypsin-like immunoreactivity (cTLI) and pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) in jejunal fluid and fecal specimens from dogs. Jejunal fluid and fecal specimens were collected from five healthy Beagles. A commercial (125)I-RIA was used for measuring cTLI concentrations and an in-house (125)I-RIA was modified for the quantification of cPLI in jejunal fluid and fecal specimens. Both RIAs were analytically validated for canine jejunal fluid and fecal specimens by determining dilutional parallelism, spiking recovery, and intra- and inter-assay variability. For both cTLI and cPLI in jejunal fluid, observed-to-expected ratios for dilutional parallelism and spiking recovery ranged from ⩾77.0% to ⩽115.3% and ⩾79.0% to ⩽120.0%, respectively, and from ⩾87.2% to ⩽118.5% and ⩾74.6% to ⩽116.1%, respectively, for fecal specimens. Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation (%CV) for both cTLI and cPLI in jejunal fluid were ⩽7.6% and ⩽10.0%, respectively, and were ⩽10.8% and ⩽9.0%, respectively, for fecal specimens. Both RIAs were demonstrated to be linear, accurate, precise, and reproducible for use with jejunal fluid and fecal specimens from dogs. These results are important for the investigation of pancreatic enzyme concentrations in the gastrointestinal lumen in response to changes in dietary components.
    The Veterinary Journal 08/2013; 198(1). DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.07.022 · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Knowledge about acute pancreatitis has increased recently in both the medical and veterinary fields. Despite this expansion of knowledge, there are very few studies on treatment interventions in naturally occurring disease in dogs. As a result, treatment recommendations are largely extrapolated from experimental rodent models or general critical care principles. General treatment principles involve replacing fluid losses, maintaining hydrostatic pressure, controlling nausea and providing pain relief. Specific interventions recently advocated in human medicine include the use of neurokinin-1 antagonists for analgesia and early interventional feeding. The premise for early feeding is to improve the health of the intestinal tract, as unhealthy enterocytes are thought to perpetuate systemic inflammation. The evidence for early interventional feeding is not supported by robust clinical trials to date, but in humans there is evidence that it reduces hospitalisation time and in dogs it is well tolerated. This article summarises the major areas of management of acute pancreatitis in dogs and examines the level of evidence for each recommendation.
    Journal of Small Animal Practice 01/2015; 56(1):27-39. DOI:10.1111/jsap.12296 · 0.91 Impact Factor