This study determined the shear bond strength of a nanohybrid composite resin to bleached enamel immediately or 15 days later using different adhesive systems and laser application.
One hundred and forty enamel specimens were prepared from human molar teeth and bleached either with 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) or 30% CP according to the manufacturer's (Vivastyle/Vivadent) recommendations. After bleaching treatments specimens were divided into two groups according to the treatment time of the adhesive procedures: immediately or 15 days after the bleaching treatments. The four groups were then divided into five subgroups due to the surface treatments: using a two-step self-etching adhesive (AdheSe, Ivoclar Vivadent G, Schaan, Liechtenstein) or a two-step etch and rinse adhesive (Excite, Ivoclar Vivadent G, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and application of laser prior to adhesive procedures or not. After adhesive procedures nanohybrid composite resin cylinders of 4 mm x 2 mm (Tetric Evo Ceram/Vivadent) were bonded to the enamel surfaces. All specimens were subjected to shear bond strength test after thermocycling and 24h of storage in water. Data were analyzed statistically.
Mann-Whitney U-test analysis showed no significant difference in the mean bond strength values of enamel bleached with either 16% CP or 30% CP (p>0.05). There was no difference between the groups bonded immediately or 15 days after bleaching (p>0.05). Application of the etch and rinse adhesive after 15 days showed the highest bond strength values, whereas self-etching adhesive and laser application showed the lowest values in both bleaching treatments.
The results suggested that following the bleaching treatments, the use of etch and rinse adhesive system may provide higher bond strengths than self-etching adhesive and laser application.
"Previous studies have compared bond quality between etch-and-rinse and selfetch adhesives subsequent to bleaching    . Some of them have advocated the use of etch-andrinse adhesives over self-etching ones subsequent to bleaching  ; there is little knowledge about the effect of post-restorative bleaching on adhesive systems. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of an at-home and two in-office (chemically activated and KTP laser-activated) bleaching methods on the microleakage of composite resin restorations bonded with etch-and-rinse and self-etch adhesive systems.
Materials and methods:
Class V cavity preparations were performed on 96 premolars and teeth were divided into two groups according to the two adhesive systems (etch-and-rinse and self-etch). After cavities were restored with an adhesive systems and composite resin, they were submitted to thermocycling procedures. Teeth were divided into four sub-groups according to the bleaching systems (control, at-home bleaching, chemically activated office bleaching and KTP laser-activated office bleaching). After the bleaching procedure, teeth were evaluated for marginal leakage. All data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p < 0.05).
The results of the present study showed that the control group presented lower microleakage values compared with the groups treated with bleaching agents, except for the chemically activated in-office bleaching. When the scores of microleakage at the enamel and gingival margins of the four groups were compared, the differences among the groups were found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Comparing the gingival and enamel margins in each group, statistically significant differences were found in the at-home group (p < 0.05) and no significant differences were seen in the other groups (p > 0.05). No significant difference was found between the adhesive systems after treatment with the same bleaching techniques.
Under the conditions of this study, microleakage of composite resin restorations differs according to the bleaching methods used and no difference was found between the adhesive systems.
"Although some authors have advocated the use of etch-and-rinse adhesives in comparison with self-etching ones subsequent to dental bleaching, no studies have compared the use of an antioxidant. Therefore, this study evaluated the potential of SA as an antioxidizing agent to compensate dentin bond strength decrease with the application of etch-and-rinse and self-etching dental adhesive systems compared with DB subsequent to at-home bleaching technique. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antioxidizing agents have recently been suggested to compensate decreased bond strength of resin materials to bleached tooth tissues. This study compared the shear bond strength (SBS) of three different adhesives on bleached dentin immediately after bleaching, bleached/delayed for 1 week, and bleached/applied antioxidizing agent.
The dentinal surfaces of 132 intact extracted molars were prepared and divided into 12 groups. The following adhesives were investigated: Optibond FL (OFL) (three-step etch-and-rinse), Optibond Solo Plus (two-step etch-and-rinse), and Optibond all-in-one (OA) (one-step self-etch) (Kerr, Orange, USA). Unbleached dentin groups (groups 1-3) were prepared as negative controls (NC). The remainder surfaces (groups 4-12) were bleached with 20% Opalescent PF (Ultradent, USA). Specimens were bonded immediately after bleaching (groups 4-6), after 1 week (groups 7-9), or after using 10% sodium ascorbate (SA) gel (groups 10-12). Subsequent to bonding of composite resin, the samples were tested for SBS and analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α=0.05).
Regarding control groups, OA showed the highest SBS among the studied adhesives (P<0.05). The SBS decreased for the adhesives after bleaching except for OFL. No statistically significant difference in SBS were noted when the SA and delayed bonding groups were compared with their similar NC groups (P>0.05) except the of delay bonding with OA.
The findings suggest that bond strength of resin to bleached dentin may be affected with the adhesive system. Reduced SBS to bleached dentin can be amended by the use of SA as an antioxidizing agent. However, the amount of reversed bond strength subsequent to applying antioxidant might be related to the kind of dental adhesive.
Dental research journal 03/2012; 9(1):46-53. DOI:10.4103/1735-3327.92943
"Results of this study have shown that SBS of CR to bleached enamel was significantly reduced while no bonding occurred between RmGI and bleached enamel immediately after bleaching. Present findings in the context of bleaching effects on SBS of resin-containing materials support these results.[1029–32] "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to comparatively investigate the neutralizing effect of antioxidant treatment and delayed bonding after bleaching with hydrogen peroxide on the shear bond strength of a composite resin (CR) and resin-modified glass ionomer (RmGI) to enamel.
Ninety-six freshly extracted human 3rd molars with flat enamel surfaces were divided into six experimental groups (n=12/group) and two control groups (n=12/group). After initial preparation, specimens in Groups 1 and 5 (control groups) were not bleached and the buccal enamel surface of specimens were bonded immediately with CR and RmGI. The samples of the remaining groups were all bleached six hours a day for seven days consecutively. Immediately after bleaching, groups two and six specimens were bonded with CR and RmGI. Groups 3 and 7 specimens were immersed in distilled water at 37°C for 7 days and the specimens in Groups 4 and 8 were treated with 10% sodium ascorbate as an antioxidant agent after bleaching. Specimens in Groups 3 and 4 were bonded with CR and Groups 7 and 8 specimens were bonded with RmGI immediately. After specimens were bonded, the shear bond strength (SBS) was measured. The SBS data analyses were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey test for comparison of specific mean values.
The mean SBS value in Group 2 (immediately bonded with CR after bleaching) was significantly lower than other CR groups (P=0.045). RmGI did not bond to buccal enamel surface of specimens in group 6. There was no significant difference between other groups bonded with RmGI (P>0.05).
Applying 10% sodium ascorbate hydrogel and one week delay before bonding resulted in reversal of reduced bond strength of CR and RmGI to bleached enamel.
Journal of Conservative Dentistry 07/2011; 14(3):241-6. DOI:10.4103/0972-0707.85799
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