[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ACCESS treatment model offers assertive community treatment embedded in an integrated care program to patients with psychoses. Compared to standard care and within a controlled study, it proved to be more effective in terms of service disengagement and illness outcomes in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders over 12 months. ACCESS was implemented into clinical routine and its effectiveness assessed over 24 months in severe schizophrenia spectrum disorders and bipolar I disorder with psychotic features (DSM-IV) in a cohort study.
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 08/2014; DOI:10.4088/JCP.13m08817 · 5.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goals of the present study were to examine: (a) putative dysfunctions in reward responsiveness in a sample of adolescents (n = 40) with co-occurring depressive and substance use disorders; (b) possible links between reward responsiveness and symptoms of depression, anhedonia, anxiety, and motivation for change in relation to alcohol and drug use; and (c) potential gender differences in findings. Before and after a 2-week residential treatment, adolescents completed self-report assessments of depression, anhedonia, anxiety symptoms, and motivation for change in relation to substance use. In addition, participants completed a computer-based Probabilistic Reward Task (PRT) to examine reward responsiveness (i.e., participants’ ability to modulate behavior as a function of reinforcement history). Results indicated that depression and anhedonia symptoms decreased, and motivation for change in relation to drug use increased. Improved reward responsiveness over the course of residential treatment emerged in female, but not male, participants. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
Journal of Psychotherapy Integration 06/2014; 24(2):109. DOI:10.1037/a0036975
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatments for severe major depressive disorder. However, after acute-phase treatment and initial remission, relapse rates are significant. Strategies to prolong remission include continuation phase ECT, pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, or their combinations. This systematic review synthesizes extant data regarding the combined use of psychotherapy with ECT for the treatment of patients with severe major depressive disorder and offers the hypothesis that augmenting ECT with depression-specific psychotherapy represents a promising strategy for future investigation.
The authors performed 2 independent searches in PsychInfo (1806-2009) and MEDLINE (1948-2009) using combinations of the following search terms: Electroconvulsive Therapy (including ECT, ECT therapy, electroshock therapy, EST, and shock therapy) and Psychotherapy (including cognitive behavioral, interpersonal, group, psychodynamic, psychoanalytic, individual, eclectic, and supportive). We included in this review a total of 6 articles (English language) that mentioned ECT and psychotherapy in the abstract and provided a case report, series, or clinical trial. We examined the articles for data related to ECT and psychotherapy treatment characteristics, cohort characteristics, and therapeutic outcome.
Although research over the past 7 decades documenting the combined use of ECT and psychotherapy is limited, the available evidence suggests that testing this combination has promise and may confer additional, positive functional outcomes.
Significant methodological variability in ECT and psychotherapy procedures, heterogeneous patient cohorts, and inconsistent outcome measures prevent strong conclusions; however, existing research supports the need for future investigations of combined ECT and psychotherapy in well-designed, controlled clinical studies. Depression-specific psychotherapy approaches may need special adaptations in view of the cognitive effects of ECT.
The journal of ECT 09/2011; 27(3):236-43. DOI:10.1097/YCT.0b013e3181faaeca · 1.39 Impact Factor
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