Dynamic expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-related genes of Vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats and the effects of antibacterial agents
Department of Emergency, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 0.83). 04/2009; 29(2):193-7. DOI: 10.1007/s11596-009-0211-4
Dynamic changes in mRNA expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-promoting genes Fas and Bax and apoptosis-inhibiting gene Bcl-2 of vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats were detected and the effects of antibacterial agents were examined. The rat model with Vibrio vulnificus sepsis (VV group) was established and some of the Vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats were treated with antibacterial agents (AA group). The mRNA expressions of Fas, Bax and Bcl-2 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). As compared with normal control group (NC group), the expressions of Fas and Bax mRNA in liver tissue at all different time points in VV group were increased significantly (P<0.05), and the highest levels of Fas and Bax mRNA expressions were 6 and 12 h after the infection, respectively. At the same time, the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA in liver tissue at all different time points in VV group were decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the lowest level of Bcl-2 mRNA expression appeared 2 h after the infection. The mRNA expressions of Bcl-2 in liver tissue 9 and 12 h after the infection in AA group were increased significantly (P<0.05) compared with NC group, while the expressions of Fas and Bax mRNA were not significantly different from those of NC group. Compared with VV group, the expression of Fas mRNA in AA group was decreased (P<0.05) and Bax mRNA was decreased significantly 12 and 16 h after the infection (P<0.05), while the expressions of Bcl-2 mRNA were increased significantly 9, 12 and 16 h after the infection (P<0.05). It is concluded that the mRNA expressions of liver tissue apoptosis-promoting genes Fas and Bax were increased remarkably in vibrio vulnificus sepsis rats, whereas the expression of apoptosis-inhibiting gene Bcl-2 mRNA was decreased obviously in sepsis rats in early stage. The treatment with cefoperazone sodium and levofloxacin lactate could inhibit the expression of Fas mRNA and Bax mRNA and enhance the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA at the same time.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Vibrio vulnificus inside the body could activate the NF-κB signaling pathway and initiate the inflammatory cascade. The lung is one of the earliest organs affected by sepsis associated with acute lung injury. High mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) is an important late-acting pro-inflammatory cytokine involving in the pathophysiology of sepsis. It is also involved in the injury process in the lung, liver and intestine. There has been no report on the involvement of HMGB1 in Vibrio vulnificus sepsis-induced lung injury. Methods: Sixty rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (group A, n=10) and a Vibrio vulnificus sepsis group (group B, n=50). Sepsis was induced in the rats by subcutaneous injection of Vibrio vulnificus (concentration 6×10(8) cfu/mL, volume 0.1 mL/100g)) into the left lower limbs. The rats in group B were sacrificed separately 1, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours after the infection. Their lungs were stored as specimens, lung water content was measured, and lung pathology was observed under a light microscope. The expressions of the HMGB1 gene and protein in the lungs were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the LSD method for pair-wise comparison between the two groups. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Compared to group A (0.652±0.177), HMGB1 mRNA expression in the lungs of group B was significantly higher at 0 hour (1.161±0.358, P=0.013), 24 hours (1.679±0.235, P=0.000), and 48 hours (1.258±0.274, P=0.004) (P<0.05), and peaked at 24 hours. Compared to group A (0.594±0.190), HMGB1 protein expression at 6 hours (1.408±0.567, P=0.026) after infection was significantly increased (P<0. 05), and peaked at 24 hours (2.415±1.064, P=0.000) after infection. Compared to group A (0.699±0.054), lung water content was significantly increased at 6 hours (0.759±0.030, P=0.001),12 hours (0.767±0.023, P=0.000), 24 hours (0.771±0.043, P=0.000) and 48 hours (0.789±0.137, P=0.000) after infection (P<0.05). Compared to group A, pathological changes at 12 hours in group B indicate marked pulmonary vascular congestion, interstitial edema and inflammatory infiltration. Alveolar cavity collapse and boundaries of the alveolar septum could not be clearly identified. Conclusion: Vibrio vulnificus sepsis can lead to injury in rat lungs, and increased HMGB1 expression in lung tissue may be one of the mechanisms for injury from Vibrio vulnificus sepsis.01/2011; 2(4):302-6. DOI:10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2011.04.011
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