A prototype hybrid intraoperative probe for ovarian cancer detection.
ABSTRACT A novel prototype intraoperative system combining positron detection and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging has been developed for early ovarian cancer detection. The probe employs eight plastic scintillating fiber tips for preferential detection of local positron activity surrounding a central scanning OCT fiber providing volumetric imaging of tissue structure in regions of high radiotracer uptake. Characterization measurements of positron sensitivity, spatial response, and position mapping are presented for Tl(204)/Cs(137) sources as well as 18F-FDG. In conjunction with co-registered frequency domain OCT measurements the results demonstrate the potential for a miniaturized laparoscopic probe offering simultaneous functional localization and structural imaging for improved early cancer detection.
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ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate of the gynecologic cancers because it is predominantly diagnosed in the late stages due to the lack of reliable symptoms and efficacious screening techniques. A novel hybrid intraoperative probe has been developed and evaluated for its potential role in detecting and characterizing ovarian tissue. The hybrid intraoperative dual-modality device consists of multiple scintillating fibers and an optical coherence tomography imaging probe for simultaneously mapping the local activities of (18)F-FDG uptake and imaging of local morphological changes of the ovary. Ten patients were recruited to the study and a total of 18 normal, abnormal and malignant ovaries were evaluated ex vivo using this device. Positron count rates of 7.5/8.8-fold higher were found between malignant and abnormal/normal ovaries. OCT imaging of malignant and abnormal ovaries revealed many detailed morphologic features that could be potentially valuable for evaluating local regions with high metabolic activities and detecting early malignant changes in the ovary. These initial results have demonstrated that our novel hybrid imager has great potential for ovarian cancer detection and characterization during minimally invasive endoscopic procedures.Biomedical Optics Express 07/2011; 2(7):1918-30. · 3.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer has the lowest survival rate of the gynecologic cancers because it is predominantly diagnosed in Stages III or IV due to the lack of reliable symptoms, as well as the lack of efficacious screening techniques. Detection before the malignancy spreads or at the early stage would greatly improve the survival and benefit patient health. In this report, we present an integrated optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic imaging (PAI) prototype endoscopy system for ovarian tissue characterization. The overall diameter of the prototype endoscope is 5 mm which is suitable for insertion through a standard 5-12.5mm endoscopic laparoscopic port during minimally invasive surgery. It consists of a ball-lensed OCT sample arm probe, a multimode fiber having the output end polished at 45 degree angle so as to deliver the light perpendicularly for PAI, and a high frequency ultrasound transducer with 35MHz center frequency. System characterizations of OCT, US and PAI are presented. In addition, results obtained from ex vivo porcine and human ovarian tissues are presented. The optical absorption contrast provided by PAI, the high resolution subsurface morphology provided by OCT, and the deeper tissue structure imaged by US demonstrate the synergy of the combined endoscopy and the superior performance of this hybrid device over each modality alone in ovarian tissue characterization.Biomedical Optics Express 09/2011; 2(9):2551-61. · 3.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to demonstrate the potential of the optical coherence tomography technique on the evaluation of changes and damages in the enamel structure caused by debonding and cleanup procedures. Twin metal and ceramic brackets were bonded to the labial enamel surfaces of 120 incisors; the brackets were debonded 24 hours later. The anterior surfaces of the teeth were scanned, and optical coherence tomography images were captured in 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional modes before and after debonding and cleanup. A commercial spectral domain optical coherence tomography system with a 5-μm axial spatial resolution was used. The system is based on the Michelson interferometer setup. It is connected to a preconfigured personal computer, and the images are captured with a scanner probe that controls the light beam position at the sample. A total of 960 images were evaluated. The analysis of the 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional images obtained with optical coherence tomography allows observation and evaluation of adhesive remnants, enamel damage, and superficial aspects of enamel from different methods of adhesive remnant removal. The 2-dimensional optical coherence tomography analysis allows in-depth observation of the adhesive remnant layer. Optical coherence tomography can be a powerful tool for academic and clinical applications for the evaluation of debonding procedures.American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics: official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics 01/2013; 143(1):61-8. · 1.33 Impact Factor