Donor cardiac troponin-I: a biochemical surrogate of heart function.
ABSTRACT Cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) levels in the potential heart transplant donor may be a marker of heart dysfunction and predictive of recipient outcome. We studied the prevalence of cTnI elevation, its association with heart function and usability and its relationship with the time duration from coning.
In a prospective study, cTnI measurement, Swan-Ganz catheterisation and transthoracic echocardiography were performed at initial assessment in 79 potential heart donors (mean age 43 +/- 13.1 years). All donors were then managed according to a strict algorithm to optimise cardiac function, some receiving hormonal therapy as part of a randomised trial. Donor heart suitability for transplantation was assessed after 7 h of management. The association of cTnI with initial functional indices was assessed and outcome compared for donors categorised according to cTnI level < or = 1 microg l(-1) or >1 microg l(-1).
Serum cTnI levels negatively correlated with initial cardiac index (CI) (p = 0.003), right (p < 0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.001) and positively with LV Tei index (p = 0.003). Serum cTnI was >1 microg l(-1) in 29/79 donors. Higher CVP (10 +/- 5.1 vs 7.9 +/- 2.9; p = 0.026) and PAWP (12 +/- 5.4 vs 8.1 +/- 3.1; p = 0.002), lower cardiac index (2.7 +/- 1.1 vs 3.6 +/- 0.9; p = 0.001) and fractional shortening (p < 0.01) and worse wall motion score index (p < 0.01) were observed in the cTnI >1 microg l(-1) group. CTnI and functional markers correlated with the time duration from coning.
The donor cTnI level represents a biochemical surrogate of functional donor heart assessment. High cTnI is associated with worse donor heart function and may act as a prompt for detailed assessment and optimisation.
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ABSTRACT: To review all published clinical studies of thyroid hormone administration to brain-dead potential organ donors. A search of PubMed using multiple search terms retrieved 401 publications including 35 original reports describing administration of thyroid hormone to brain-dead potential organ donors. Detailed review of the 35 original reports led to identification of two additional publications not retrieved in the original search. The 37 original publications reported findings from 16 separate case series or retrospective audits and seven randomized controlled trials, four of which were placebo-controlled. Meta-analysis was restricted to the four placebo-controlled randomized controlled trials. Whereas all case series and retrospective audits reported a beneficial effect of thyroid hormone administration, all seven randomized controlled trials reported no benefit of thyroid hormone administration either alone or in combination with other hormonal therapies. In four placebo-controlled trials including 209 donors, administration of thyroid hormone (n=108) compared with placebo (n=101) had no significant effect on donor cardiac index (pooled mean difference, 0.15 L/min/m²; 95% confidence interval -0.18 to 0.48). The major limitation of the case series and retrospective audits was the lack of consideration of uncontrolled variables that confound interpretation of the results. A limitation of the randomized controlled trials was that the proportion of donors who were hemodynamically unstable or marginal in other ways was too small to exclude a benefit of thyroid hormone in this subgroup. The findings of this systematic review do not support a role for routine administration of thyroid hormone in the brain-dead potential organ donor. Existing recommendations regarding the use of thyroid hormone in marginal donors are based on low-level evidence.Critical care medicine 05/2012; 40(5):1635-44. · 6.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Troponin I is often obtained during the evaluation of a potential transplant donor heart. It is not clear whether elevations in donor troponin I levels predict adverse outcomes and should thus preclude acceptance of a donor heart. This study examined whether troponin I levels from donors accepted for pediatric heart transplantation predicted graft failure. Deidentified data on heart transplants performed in recipients aged < 21 years between April 2007 and April 2009 was provided by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. Donor troponin I level and recipient outcomes, including survival without retransplantation (graft survival), were examined for statistical correlation. Overall graft survival in 839 heart transplants was 81% at 2 years. At least 1 troponin I level was recorded in 657 donors before transplant, with a median value of 0.1 ng/ml (range, 0-50 ng/ml). Troponin I level and graft status were not correlated (p = 0.74). A receiver operating characteristic curve showed no association between troponin I and graft status (area under the curve, 0.51; p = 0.98). Graft survival did not differ significantly (p = 0.60) among quartiles of troponin I levels (<0.04, 0.04-<0.1, 0.1-<0.35, ≥ 0.35 ng/ml). A troponin I level ≥ 1 ng/ml was found in 74 transplanted donor hearts; graft survival was not associated with troponin I ≥ 1 (80%) vs < 1 (80%) at 2 years (p = 0.93). Troponin I values were not associated with post-transplant hospital length of stay (r = -0.06; p = 0.10). In donor hearts accepted for pediatric heart transplantation, troponin I elevation before procurement is not associated with increased graft failure. The significance of elevated troponin I levels, which occurs in many heart donors, remains unclear and should therefore be considered in the context of other clinical information.The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 04/2011; 30(8):920-7. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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