Agenesis of the dorsal pancreas and its association with pancreatic tumors.
ABSTRACT Morphogenesis of the pancreas is a complex process; nevertheless, congenital anomalies are rare. At embryogenesis, the pancreas develops from the endoderm-lined dorsal and ventral buds of the duodenum. The ventral bud gives rise to the lower head and uncinate process of the pancreas; whereas, the dorsal bud gives rise to the upper head, isthmus, body, and tail of the pancreas. Rarely, developmental failure of the dorsal pancreatic bud at embryogenesis results in the agenesis of the dorsal pancreas--neck, body, and tail. Even rarer is the association of pancreatic tumors with agenesis of the dorsal pancreas. In addition to citing our case, we provide a comprehensive review on agenesis of the dorsal pancreas and its association with pancreatic tumors.
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ABSTRACT: Determine whether size and other preoperative parameters predict malignant or invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia (IPMN). From 1991 to 2006, 150 patients underwent 156 operations for IPMN. Prospectively collected, retrospective review of a single academic institution's experience. All preoperative parameters including a detailed radiologic-based classification of IPMN type, location, distribution, size, number, cytology, and mural nodularity were correlated with IPMN pathology. Malignant IPMN was present in 32% of cases, whereas 19% of cases were invasive. IPMN type and main pancreatic duct diameter were significant predictors of malignant IPMN (P<0.001). Side-branch lesion number was negatively associated with invasive IPMN (P=0.03). Side-branch size, location, and distribution did not predict IPMN pathology. The presence of mural nodules was associated with malignant and invasive IPMN (P<0.001; P<0.02). Atypical cytopathology was significantly associated with malignant and invasive IPMN (P<0.001; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated mural nodularity and atypical cytopathology were predictive of malignancy and/or invasion in branch-type IPMN. To lower the rate of invasive pathology, surgery should be recommended for fit patients with main-duct IPMN and for branch-duct IPMN with mural nodularity or positive cytology irrespective of location, distribution, or size.Annals of Surgery 10/2007; 246(4):644-51; discussion 651-4. · 6.33 Impact Factor
- Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 10/2004; 60(3):472-5. · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We present a case of dorsal pancreas agenesis demonstrated by MR imaging. Careful observation with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and MR imaging led to the precise diagnosis.Radiation Medicine 9(3):108-9.