Article

Intravenous thrombolysis for ischaemic stroke: Short delays and high community-based treatment rates after organisational changes in a previously inexperienced centre

Department of Neurology, Sørlandet Sykehus Kristiansand, 4604 Kristiansand, Norway.
Emergency Medicine Journal (Impact Factor: 1.78). 06/2009; 26(5):324-6. DOI: 10.1136/emj.2008.063610
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate hospital delays in thrombolytic treatment before and after organisational changes and community-based treatment rates in a previously inexperienced centre.
The delays before and after organisational changes made in 2006 were compared using a prospective treatment database. In a 6-month period in 2007, a community-based search was performed for all hospitalisations for ischaemic stroke. The number of patients admitted within the 0-3 h time window and the proportion treated with tissue plasminogen activator were analysed.
The number of treatments increased fourfold from 2005 to 2007 with a significant reduction in mean door-to-needle time from 60 min to 38 min (p = 0.002). In the community-based series, 14/137 patients (10%) hospitalised with ischaemic stroke and 13/32 patients (41%) admitted in the 0-3 h window were treated.
An inexperienced stroke centre can rapidly implement the necessary logistics to deliver thrombolysis to a large proportion of patients with acute stroke with short hospital delays. Important factors are probably prenotification of a team and the initiation of thrombolytic treatment in the emergency room.

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