Push-out bond strength and SEM evaluation of new polymeric root canal fillings
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to compare the interfacial strengths and failure modes of new polymeric endodontic obturation systems consisting of different material combinations.
Extracted human single-rooted teeth (n = 105) were instrumented using HERO Shaper rotary instruments and obturated with different combinations of core and sealer as follows: group 1, RealSeal/Resilon; group 2, RealSeal/Herofill; group 3, Hybrid Root Seal/Resilon; group 4, Hybrid Root Seal/Herofill; group 5, MM-Seal/Resilon; group 6, MM-Seal/Herofill; group 7 (control). Failure modes of root slices (1.00 +/- 0.05-mm thick) after push-out testing were examined with stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscopy.
Hybrid Root Seal/Resilon combination had significantly greater bond strength than all the other groups (P < .001); RealSeal/Resilon combination proved to have the second highest bond strength (P < .001). Bond failure was mainly mixed failure in both adhesive and cohesive modes at the dentin/sealer interface.
The push-out bond strengths of methacrylate-based sealers (Hybrid Root Seal and RealSeal) and thermoplastic synthetic-polymer-based core material (Resilon) combinations were higher than epoxy-resin-based sealer (MM-Seal) and gutta-percha (Herofill) combination.
Conference Paper: Singularities in nonuniform tensor fields[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Studies the topology of 2nd-order symmetric tensor fields. Degenerate points are basic constituents of tensor fields. From the set of degenerate points, an experienced researcher can reconstruct a whole tensor field. We address the conditions for the existence of degenerate points and, based on these conditions, we predict the distribution of degenerate points inside the field. Every tensor can be decomposed into a deviator and an isotropic tensor. A deviator determines the properties of a tensor field, while the isotropic part provides a uniform bias. Deviators can be 3D or locally 2D. The triple-degenerate points of a tensor field are associated with the singular points of its deviator and the double-degenerate points of a tensor field have singular local 2D deviators. This provides insights into the similarity of topological structure between 1st-order (or vectors) and 2nd-order tensors. Control functions are in charge of the occurrences of a singularity of a deviator. These singularities can further be linked to important physical properties of the underlying physical phenomena. For a deformation tensor in a stationary flow, the singularities of its deviator actually represent the area of the vortex core in the field; for a stress tensor, the singularities represent the area with no stress; for a Newtonian flow, compressible flow and incompressible flow as well as stress and deformation tensors share similar topological features due to the similarity of their deviators; for a viscous flow, removing the large, isotropic pressure contribution dramatically enhances the anisotropy due to viscosity.Visualization '97., Proceedings; 11/1997
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare the short-term sealing abilities of recently introduced polymeric endodontic filling systems. Root canals of 120 extracted and decoronated human single-rooted teeth were instrumented using crown-down technique with HERO Shaper rotary instruments. The roots were divided randomly into 8 groups (6 experimental and 2 control groups of 15 roots each) and filled with different combinations of core and sealer as follows: group 1, RealSeal/Resilon; group 2, RealSeal/Herofill; group 3, Hybrid Root Seal/Resilon; group 4, Hybrid Root Seal/Herofill; group 5, MM-Seal/Resilon; group 6, MM-Seal/Herofill; group 7, positive controls (Herofill only); group 8, negative controls. Apical leakage quantity was evaluated after 1 week by using a fluid filtration model. For each sample, measurements of fluid movement were recorded at 2-minute intervals for a total of 8 minutes, and then averaged. The data were calculated and analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the Tukey test. Significance was set at P less than .05. Multiple paired comparisons (Tukey test) showed that, of all the groups, MM-Seal/Herofill combination exhibited the least microleakage, and RealSeal/Herofill combination ranked second in this regard. The mean leakage values for the RealSeal/Resilon and MM-Seal/Resilon combinations were both significantly higher than the means for the other 4 experimental groups (P < .01). Hybrid Root Seal combined with Resilon resulted in significantly less microleakage than Hybrid Root Seal combined with Herofill (P = .001). The results suggest that the sealing properties of epoxy-resin-based sealer (MM-Seal) combined with gutta-percha (Herofill) are superior to those of methacrylate-based sealers (Hybrid Root Seal and Realseal) combined with Resilon.Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 09/2009; 108(2):e49-54. DOI:10.1016/j.tripleo.2009.03.038 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A resin-based root canal filling material, Resilon/Epiphany was introduced to overcome the limitations of gutta-percha and other sealers. It is claimed that Resilon/Epiphany can enhance the sealing ability by forming a monoblock. Studies related to this material are summarized and discussed in this review article. Different in vivo and in vitro studies demonstrated that Resilon/Epiphany can be an alternative to gutta-percha and other sealers. However, other studies showed that there is still some room for improvement of the properties of the material in order to achieve quality three-dimensional obturation.Journal of dental sciences 06/2010; 5(2):47-52. DOI:10.1016/S1991-7902(10)60008-6 · 0.47 Impact Factor