Pancreatic adenocarcinoma in a young patient population-12-year experience at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ABSTRACT There is a dearth of data in a younger population of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PAC) regarding epidemiology, genetics, prognosis, and outcome. This report examines a large cohort of patients with PAC <or=45 years of age evaluated at MSKCC over a 12-year period.
A retrospective analysis of patients referred to MSKCC with PAC identified from the institutional tumor registry, who were <or=45 years on the date of the diagnostic biopsy, between January 1995 and February 2008, was performed. Information reviewed included demographics, clinical and pathological staging, surgical management, therapy, date of relapse, death or last follow-up. Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test.
One hundred thirty-six cases of PAC, age <or=45 years at diagnosis, were identified. Seventy-four (54%) females, 62 (46%) males. Age range: 24-45; 4, 38, and 94 patients in age groups 20-29, 30-39, 40-45 years, respectively. Fifty (37%) had a smoking history. Fourteen (10.3%) had a positive family history of PAC. Thirty-five (25.7%) underwent a curative resection for localized disease. Twenty-eight (20.1%) presented with locally advanced, inoperable disease. Sixty-eight (50%) presented as AJCC Stage IV. Twenty-three (37%) of those resected underwent adjuvant chemoradiation. Thirteen received adjuvant gemcitabine. The median overall survival for the entire cohort was 12.3 months (95% CI 10.2-14.0 months). The median overall survival for the patients with locally resectable disease was 41.8 months (95% CI 20.3-47 months). The median overall survival for the patients who presented with locally advanced, unresectable disease was 15.3 months (95% CI 12-19.3 months). The median overall survival for those who presented with metastatic disease was 7.2 months (95% CI 5.2-9.5 months).
This is the largest reported cohort of young patients with PAC <or=45 years of age. The data suggest that patients with stages I-II disease may have an improved prognosis, however the prognosis for stages III-IV patients appears to be similar to the typical (older) patient population with PAC.
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) is diagnosed generally in patients older than 60 years old of age. It is rarely diagnosed in young adults. There is a dearth of data in younger population of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma regarding epidemiology, prognosis, and outcome. The aim of our study of young PAC patients was to characterize the clinical features of this distinct young population who were treated in the National Institute of Oncology of Rabat. We selected the age of 45 years and under as the cutoff point in defining our patient population of interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients referred to the national institute of oncology of Rabat with PAC, who were ≤45 years at the date of histological diagnosis, between January 2005 and February 2010, was performed. Epidemiological, clinical, and pathological staging and therapeutic and follow-up data were extracted. RESULTS: The study included 32 cases of PAC. Male:female ratio was 2:1. It represents 17 % of the entire population (N = 176) of PAC referred to the National Institute of Oncology over the time of study period. Mean age was 44 years old (range: 28-45). Age range distribution was 1, 5, and 26 patients in age subgroups 20-29, 30-39, 40-45 years, respectively. Four patients (12.5 %) had a smoking history and two patients (6 %) had diabetes. None of the patients had a positive familial history of PAC or chronic pancreatitis. Tumor was located in head of pancreas in 75 %, body in 12.5 %, and tail in 12,5 %. Six patients (18.7 %) had localized resectable disease and underwent resection with curative intent. Seven (21.8 %) presented with locally advanced, inoperable disease. Two of them received only concurrent chemoradiation. Nineteen patients (59.3 %) presented as AJCC Stage IV. Four (12.5 %) of the six patients with resected tumors underwent adjuvant chemoradiation. Median overall survival was 50 % at median follow-up of 6.8 months. CONCLUSION: This is the first reported study in our patient population of young patients with PAC. The data suggested that patients with younger age seem to have the same poor prognosis as the typical (older) patient population with PAC. No risk factors have been identified. However, this study is retrospective and more larger studies are needed in this young population.Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 07/2012; DOI:10.1007/s12029-012-9407-0
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) represents the fourth cause of death in cancer with a 5-year survival rate of less than 1-2%. Early onset pancreatic cancer (EOPC), i.e. patients below 50 years of age, is infrequently described. The present study aimed to determine the epidemiology, demographic incidence and prognosis of EOPC and to identify the characteristics that might distinguish EOPC. 576 consecutive patients with PDAC diagnosed from January 1993 to December 2008 at the University Hospital of Lund, Sweden. 65 different parameters were compared with a historic cohort of pancreatic cancer patients as well as with matched controls. 33 patients (5.7%) with PDAC were 50 years or younger. The overall survival was 170 days compared to 240 days for matched controls (p=n.s.). Patients with EOPC were diagnosed at a significantly more advanced stage, i.e. distant metastasis, (52%) as compared to matched controls (30%; p=0.04). EOPC-patients received more treatment than the compared PDAC-cohort. EOPC constituted 5.7 % of all PDAC, presenting at an advanced stage with frequent metastases and poor survival. The role of genetic alterations and the potential influence of environmental factors for EOPC are to be further investigated.Annals of Gastroenterology 01/2011; 24(3):206-212.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The median age of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients is 71 years. PDAC rarely affects individuals under the age of 45. We investigated features of PDAC occurring in young patients (≤45 years) who underwent surgical resection in order to determine if any difference exists in comparison to elderly patients (≥70 years). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with PDAC who were ≤ 45 years on the date of surgery between 1975 and 2009 was performed. This cohort was compared with PDAC patients whose ages were over 70 years on the date of surgery over the same time interval. Information reviewed included demographics, Charlson Age-Comorbidity Index (CACI), pathological staging, surgical management, and death or last follow-up. RESULTS: Seventy five patients with PDAC of age ≤ 45 years at surgery were identified. The reference group consisted of 870 patients with a median age of 75. The most common symptoms of young patients were jaundice (45 %), abdominal pain (32 %), or weight loss (33 %). This did not differ significantly from older patients. Among the younger patients, 7 (9 %) underwent total pancreatectomy, 60 (80 %) underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, and 8 (11 %) had distal pancreatectomy. The distribution of type of surgery was similar between two groups. Fifty-two of the young patients (69 %) had an R0 resection and this did not differ from the older age group (n = 616; 71 %). The rate of lymph node positivity was 68 % for younger patients and 74 % for older patients (p = 0.27). Of the younger patients, 11, 13, 49, and 2 were classified as stage I, IIA, IIB, and III, respectively, and did not differ from the older age group. The median overall survival for the young patients cohort was 19 months (95 % CI 15-22 months) which is longer than 16 months (95 % CI 14-17 months) of the older group (p = 0.007). The actual 5- and 10- year survival in young age group (24 and 17 %) was longer than that in old age group (11 and 3 %) (p < 0.05). The median CACI of the younger patients was 0.5 and was lower than 4.1 of the older patients (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The demographic, pathologic, and treatment characteristics of PDAC patients younger than 45 years were similar to those older than 70 years. Younger patients had fewer complications after curative resections. The better survival among younger patients is likely related to fewer comorbidities in this group. These findings will be useful in counseling young patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 11/2012; DOI:10.1007/s11605-012-2066-4 · 2.39 Impact Factor