Inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and spontaneous preterm birth.
ABSTRACT The objective was to search for an association between spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) and single and/or combined polymorphisms in genes TNFA -308 G>A, IL10 -1082 G>A, IL10 -819 C>T, IL10 -592 C>A, IL6 -174 G>C, and IFNG +874 A>T. Genotyping was performed on 410 Brazilian ethnically matched women managed at two hospitals (two independent case-control sets). One set consisted of 122 cases and 101 controls, and the other set comprised 82 cases and 105 controls. We compared genotype and genotype-combination frequencies between cases and controls using Fisher's exact or the chi(2) tests and confirmed results using logistic regression. Among the six SNPs studied, we found no independent association between any single SNP and sPTB risk. The multi-locus analysis revealed a significant association between sPTB and the TNFA(GG)/IL6(GG)/IFNG(AA) genotype combination (p=0.002), confirmed by logistic regression. Our data suggest that the combination of TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-6 maternal gene polymorphisms might contribute to susceptibility to sPTB. This finding could be investigated as a possible genetic marker for the risk of spontaneous preterm birth.
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ABSTRACT: Preliminary data suggest that common genetic variation in immune response genes can contribute to the risk for spontaneous preterm birth and possibly small-for-gestational age (SGA). We investigated the relationship of polymorphisms in 6 cytokine genes associated with inflammation-interleukin (IL)1alpha, IL1beta, IL2, IL6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and lymphotoxin alpha (LTA)-with spontaneous preterm and SGA birth in a nested case-control study drawn from a prospective pregnancy cohort. Women were recruited between 24 and 29 weeks' gestation at the Wake County and University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill obstetric clinics between February 1996 and June 2000. We inferred haplotypes using the EM algorithm and the Bayesian method, PHASE. We then compared haplotype frequency distributions and implemented semi-Bayesian hierarchical logistic regression analyses to obtain odds ratio (OR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each polymorphism. Two haplotypes spanning the TNF/LTA genes were associated with increased risk for spontaneous preterm birth in white subjects (for the AGG haplotype, OR = 1.5 [95% CI=0.8-2.6]; for the GAC haplotype, 1.6 [0.9-2.9]). Additionally, carriers of the GAG haplotype were found to have decreased risk of spontaneous preterm birth (0.6; 0.3-1.0). The TNF(-488)A and LTA(IVS1-82)C variants, constituents of the AGG and GAC haplotypes respectively, were also strongly associated with increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth. Our results suggest that common genetic variants in proinflammatory cytokine genes could influence the risk for spontaneous preterm birth. Selected TNF/LTA haplotypes were associated with spontaneous preterm birth in both African-American and white subjects. Our data do not support an inflammatory etiology for SGA.Epidemiology 08/2005; 16(4):469-77. · 5.74 Impact Factor
- Biology of Reproduction - BIOL REPROD. 01/1997; 57(2):303-311.
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ABSTRACT: To establish a multiplex amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) in fluid and dried whole blood, and to perform a pilot study to examine the role for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of inflammation-associated genes (interleukin [IL]-1 and -10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNFA], and toll-like receptor-4 [TLR4]) and their interaction with clinical chorioamnionitis (CAM) in prematurity. We established a quadruplex ARMS to detect the four above SNPs. Fifty-four women delivered at gestational age less than 32 weeks and 83 healthy female volunteers were genotyped. We compared (1) mothers of preterm infants with volunteers, and (2) women delivered before 29 weeks' gestation (n = 29) with those delivered at 29 to 31 completed weeks (n = 25). Multiplex ARMS is feasible using both fluid and dried whole blood. We found no overall differences in genotype and allele frequencies between mothers of preterm infants and volunteers. Among women who had a preterm delivery, those with both CAM and IL10(-1082)*G allele, the risk for delivery before 29 weeks was markedly increased (odds ratio [OR] 22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5 - 191). The presence of both CAM and IL10(-1082)*G might play a role in extreme preterm delivery less than 29 weeks.Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation 08/2006; 13(5):350-6. · 2.26 Impact Factor