Young age is not associated with increased local recurrence for DCIS treated by breast-conserving surgery and radiation.
ABSTRACT We report local recurrence (LR) after breast-conserving surgery and radiation (BCS + RT) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) to determine outcomes for patients aged <or=40 years compared with older women.
The study included 440 women with DCIS treated from 1978 to 2007. All patients received whole-breast radiotherapy with a boost in 95% of cases. Demographics, characteristics, surgical, and adjuvant treatments were analyzed for an effect on LR.
Median age was 56.5 years with 24 patients aged <or=40. Median DCIS size was 0.8 cm. Re-excision was required in 62% of patients, and in 75% of those aged <or=40. Tamoxifen was used in 22%, but only one patient aged <or=40. Median follow-up was 6.8 years. Actuarial LR was 7% (95% confidence interval of 4-11%) at 10 years and 8% (5-14%) at 15 years. There was no difference in LR by age (P = 0.76).
The long-term risk of LR after BCS + RT for DCIS is low, even in patients <or=40 years. This may be due to patient selection for small size, high utilization of re-excision, and radiation boost. Young age may be a smaller contributor to LR risk in DCIS than previously suggested.
Article: Boost radiotherapy in young women with ductal carcinoma in situ: a multicentre, retrospective study of the Rare Cancer Network.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Outcome data in young women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are rare. The benefits of boost radiotherapy in this group are also unknown. We aimed to assess the effect of boost radiotherapy in young patients with DCIS. We included 373 women from 18 institutions who met the following inclusion criteria: having tumour status Tis and nodal status (N)0, age 45 years or younger at diagnosis, and having had breast-conserving surgery. 57 (15%) patients had no radiotherapy after surgery, 166 (45%) had radiotherapy without boost (median dose 50 Gy [range 40-60]), and 150 (40%) had radiotherapy with boost (60 Gy [53-76]). The primary outcome was local relapse-free survival. Median follow-up was 72 months (range 1-281). 55 (15%) patients had local relapse. Local relapse-free survival at 10 years was 46% (95% CI 24-67) for patients given no radiotherapy, 72% (61-83) for those given radiotherapy without boost, and 86% (78-93) for those given radiotherapy and boost (difference between all three groups, p<0.0001). Age, margin status, and radiotherapy dose were significant predictors of local relapse-free survival. Compared with patients who had no radiotherapy, those who had radiotherapy had a decreased risk of local relapse (without boost, hazard ratio 0.33 [95% CI 0.16-0.71], p=0.004; with boost, 0.15 [0.06-0.36], p<0.0001). In the absence of randomised trials, boost radiotherapy should be considered in addition to surgery for breast-conserving treatment for DCIS.The Lancet Oncology 08/2006; 7(8):652-6. · 22.59 Impact Factor
Article: Pathologic findings from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project (NSABP) eight-year update of Protocol B-17: intraductal carcinoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This report is an 8-year update of the authors' previous findings from National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project (NSABP) Protocol B-17, which relates to the influence of pathologic characteristics on the natural history and treatment of intraductal carcinoma (DCIS). Nine pathologic features observed in a pathologic subset of 623 of 814 evaluable women enrolled in this randomized clinical trial were assessed for their role in the prediction of second ipsilateral breast tumors (IBT), other events, and selection of breast irradiation (XRT) following lumpectomy. The frequency of subsequent IBT was reduced from 31% to 13% (P = 0.0001) by XRT. The average annual hazard rates for IBT were reduced by XRT for all pathologic features examined. Four characteristics were individually noted to be significantly related to IBT, but only moderate-to-marked and absent-to-slight comedo necrosis were found to be independent high and low risk predictors, respectively, for such an event in patients of both treatment groups. XRT effected a 7% absolute reduction at 8 years in the low risk group. Despite a relatively high incidence (approximately 40%) of IBT consisting of invasive cancer, mortality due to breast carcinoma after DCIS for the entire cohort was found to be only 1.6% at 8 years. The degree of comedo necrosis in patients with DCIS appears to be sufficient for discriminating between high and low risks for IBT following lumpectomy for DCIS. Although margin status, unlike in our previous report, was found to have only a slight or borderline influence on the frequency of IBT at 8 years, excision of DCIS with free margins is advised. The low risk group exhibits a statistically significant reduction of IBT from XRT. The decision to forgo XRT in the treatment of this singular subset of patients would appear to depend on clinical considerations and the input of informed patients rather than being standard practice. [See editorial on pages 375-7, this issue.]Cancer 09/1999; 86(3):429-38. · 4.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine how often patients with ductal carcinoma in situ and T1a/b N0 cancer are offered and accept tamoxifen for secondary chemoprevention. A retrospective review of 284 patients with T1a/b N0 invasive cancer treated between February 1995 and December 2001 and 129 patients with DCIS treated after September 1998 was carried out. Patient and tumor characteristics associated with being offered and accepting tamoxifen were compared. Tamoxifen was offered to 67% of the invasive cancer patients and accepted by 76% (51% of the entire group). Hormone receptor status was the only significant predictor of being offered tamoxifen (p = 0.004). Older age (p = 0.04), Caucasian race (p = 0.01), and parity (p = 0.04) in premenopausal women were significant predictors of tamoxifen acceptance on univariate analysis. After the publication of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project P-1 trial, significantly more patients were offered tamoxifen (p = 0.02), but acceptance rates did not change. Tamoxifen was offered to 91% of the ductal carcinoma in situ patients and accepted by 73% (67% overall). Lumpectomy was associated with significantly higher rates of being offered (p = 0.02) and accepting tamoxifen (p = 0.002) on univariate analysis. Factors associated with tamoxifen risks and benefits correlate poorly with the use of the drug.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 12/2005; 201(5):688-94. · 4.55 Impact Factor